Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008

Act 9 of 2008

This is the version of this Act as it was from 24 April 2017 to 28 May 2020. Read the latest available version.
Coat of Arms

Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008

Act 9 of 2008

  1. [Amended by Amendment of Schedule 3: Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 (Government Notice 94 of 2017) on 24 April 2017]
ACTTo provide for the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; and to provide for incidental matters.

1. Definitions and interpretation

(1)In this Act unless the context indicates otherwise any word to which a meaning has been assigned by the Convention bears that meaning, and -Appendix” means the relevant appendix to the Convention;controlled wildlife product” means any animal or plant (or any portion thereof), as well as any product or substance derived from any plant or animal as set out in Schedule 1;Convention” means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, signed at Washington on 3 March, 1973, as amended in Bonn on 22 June 1979 and acceded to by Namibia on 18 December 1990, the text of which is set out in Schedule 2;deal in” means sell, buy, offer or expose for sale or purchase, barter or offer as valuable consideration;Minister” means the Minister responsible for environment;Ministry” means the Ministry of Environment and Tourism;staff member” means a staff member as defined in section 1 of the Public Service Act, 1995 (Act No. 13 of 1995);this Act” includes the Convention as well as regulations made under section 9;
(2)Any reference to “Article”, and “Appendix” is construed to be a reference to that Article or Appendix of the Convention.
(3)Any provision of this Act is construed with reference to the Convention and any provision of the Convention is deemed to be part of this Act and for that purpose -
(a)the Management Authority for Namibia is the Minister;
(b)the Scientific Authority for Namibia is the technical committee established by section 3;
(c)a species is deemed to be included in an Appendix only if it appears in the relevant column of Schedule 3 and also subject to such further qualifications as set out in the relevant entry or such further notes as may appear in that Schedule.

2. Relation with other laws

The prohibition of any action, the prohibition of the possession of any thing or the requirement for a permit or certificate to do anything or to possess anything are in addition to any prohibition or requirement contained in any other law.

3. Technical committee

(1)A technical committee that must perform the duties and which has the powers assigned to the Scientific Authority by the Convention is hereby established.
(2)The technical committee consists of -
(a)two staff members from the Ministry;
(b)one staff member whose duties relate to veterinary services;
(c)one staff member whose duties relate to botanical research;
(d)one staff member from the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources;
(e)one staff member whose duties relate to the National Museum.
(3)The Minister must appoint the members of the technical committee on the recommendation of the Minister responsible for the ministry, office or agency where the relevant staff member is employed.
(4)The members of the technical committee must be appointed for a period of three years and may be reappointed on the expiry of that period.
(5)A member of the committee ceases to hold office if he or she ceases to be a staff member as contemplated in subsection (2).
(6)The Minister may remove a member of the committee, if in his or her opinion -
(a)the organisation of the public service has changed in such a manner or the person in question has been appointed in another post that has the effect that the appointment of the person on the committee concerned is no longer appropriate;
(b)the person concerned is for any other reason unable to effectively fulfil his or her duties as a member of the committee.
(7)If a position on the committee becomes vacant as contemplated in subsection (5) or (6), the Minister may appoint a member to fill the vacant position and the new member holds the position for the unexpired portion of the term of office of the member in whose position he or she has been appointed.
(8)A quorum at a meeting of the committee is four members.
(9)The Minister must appoint one of the members of the committee as the chairperson.
(10)The chairperson must preside at a meeting of the committee.
(11)If the chairperson is not present at a meeting of the committee, the members must elect one of them to preside at that meeting.
(12)Any decision of the committee is taken by a majority of the members present at a meeting of the committee, and in the case of an equality of votes, the person who presides at such a meeting has a casting vote as well as his or her deliberative vote.
(13)The committee must meet at least once a year.
(14)The committee must meet at such times and places as the committee has determined or in the absence of such determination as the chairperson or the Minister has determined.
(15)The Minister may at any time call a meeting of the committee.
(16)No decision of the committee is invalid only because there was a vacancy on the committee or because a person participated in the deliberations of the committee or voted while such person was not entitle to participate or vote if there was a quorum at the meeting concerned and a majority of the members present voted in favour of the decision in question.
(17)Subject to the provisions of this Act, the committee may determine its own procedure.

4. Possession of and dealing with controlled wildlife products

(1)Any person who -
(a)possesses any controlled wildlife product the possession of which is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;
(b)deals in any controlled wildlife product if the dealing therein is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;
(c)manufactures anything from a controlled wildlife product if such manufacture is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;
(d)imports any controlled wildlife product if the import thereof is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1; or
(e)exports any controlled wildlife product if the export thereof is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1,
commits an offence unless he or she has been issued with a permit contemplated in subsection (3) authorising the act in question and unless he or she complies with the conditions specified in the permit.
(2)A person who has contravened subsection (1) is -
(a)if he or she has only possessed the product as contemplated in subsection (1)(a), on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$20 000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years or to both such fine and such imprisonment;
(b)if he or she has performed any action referred to in subsection (1)(b), (1)(c), (1)(d) or (1)(e), on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$200 000 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 20 years or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
(3)The Minister may issue a permit in the form determined by him or her authorising any action in respect of a controlled wildlife product.
(4)The Minister may specify any class of action or class of product for which the permit in question is issued.
(5)The Minister may impose such conditions as he or she considers necessary in order to achieve the objects of this Act when issuing a permit in terms of subsection (3), which conditions may include -
(a)requirements relating to the keeping of records;
(b)requirements relating to the marking of specific specimens or any requirements that will facilitate the identification of specific specimens;
(c)requirements relating to the registration of specific specimens.
(6)The class of controlled wildlife products for which the permit is issued, the conditions subject to which the permit is issued, the period for which and the actions authorised by the permit, must be indicated on the permit in question.

5. Acts prohibited by Convention

(1)No person may -
(a)import;
(b)export;
(c)re-export; or
(d)introduce from the sea,
whether to or from Namibia, in contravention of Article III, Article IV or Article V any specimen contemplated in those Articles, unless the certificates and permits contemplated in those Articles have been obtained or unless the actions concerned are exempt from the obtaining of such certificates or permits.
(2)Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$200 000 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 20 years or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
(3)The court convicting a person of a contravention of subsection (1) may impose an additional fine or make a compensation order in favour of the State as authorised by laws relating to criminal procedure to compensate the State for -
(a)all costs relating to the care or medical treatment of live specimens and the disposal thereof, whether incurred before the order or thereafter;
(b)all costs relating to the return of any specimen (whether alive or dead) to its country of origin;
(c)an amount equivalent to all costs incurred to restore a population of wildlife harmed through unlawful removal from the wild by the person convicted or commensurate with the impact of unlawful removal by the person convicted:
Provided that any costs referred to in paragraph (a) and (b) may also be recovered by civil suit from any person convicted of an offence relating to the specimen concerned, or from whom such specimen has been seized.

6. Inspectors

(1)The Minister may appoint any staff member in the Ministry to be an inspector.
(2)An inspector must be issued with a certificate of appointment signed by the Minister and he or she must on request produce such certificate when exercising any power under this Act.
(3)A customs officer, police officer or nature conservator may exercise any power conferred upon an inspector by this Act, in addition to any other powers vesting in such offcer by any other law.[The word “officer” is misspelt in the Government Gazette in itssecond use in subsection (3), as reproduced above.]
(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) “customs officer” means an officer as defined in section 1 of the Customs and Excise Act, 1998 (Act No. 20 of 1998), “police officer” means a member of a police force established under any law, and “nature conservator” has the meaning assigned thereto by the Nature Conservation Ordinance, 1975 (Ordinance No. 4 of 1975).

7. Powers of inspectors

(1)An inspector may request any person who in his or her opinion possesses anything in respect of which a permit or certificate is required -
(a)to make such thing available for inspection;
(b)to produce the relevant permit or certificate.
(2)An inspector may examine any consignment which he or she reasonably suspects of containing any specimen of a species referred to in Schedule 3 or any controlled wildlife product.
(3)An inspector may search any premises that is not used as a private dwelling in order to determine whether any provision of this Act has been or is being contravened.
(4)An inspector may request a police officer to accompany him or her while he or she is investigating any matter relating to this Act and the police officer may exercise any power vesting in that police officer in the presence of the inspector concerned: Provided that a police officer may not search a person of a different gender from the inspector concerned in the presence of that inspector.
(5)An inspector may request a veterinarian to examine any live animal to determine any question relevant for the exercise of a discretion under this Act.
(6)An inspector may -
(a)seize any specimen if the person in possession thereof does not produce the permit or certificate required by this Act in respect of that specimen;
(b)seize anything used for, or in relation with the commission of any offence under this Act which includes a vehicle, firearm, trap, container, cage or other equipment associated with the hunting, transport, capturing, collecting, keeping, processing or manufacturing of the specimen concerned;
(c)seize anything that may afford evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act;
(d)take such samples from any specimen or anything relating to such specimen that may be relevant for the determination of a question relevant for the exercise of a discretion under this Act, or that may afford evidence for the commission of an offence under this Act;
(e)examine any book, record, or document, as well as any computer system in which he or she reasonably believes anything relevant to an offence or duty contemplated in this Act is stored;
(f)instruct any person to afford such assistance as is reasonably required to interpret or extract relevant information from such book, record, document or computer system;
(g)put any question to any person that in the opinion of the inspector is necessary in order to exercise any discretion conferred by this Act or to clarify any matter in any record or book or with relation to any specimen.
(7)When an inspector seizes anything in terms of this Act, he or she must issue a receipt for such item.
(8)Any person who -
(a)hinders or obstructs an inspector from exercising any power under this Act;
(b)refuses or fails to comply with any request made by an inspector under this Act without a reasonable excuse; or
(c)without a reasonable excuse, fails or refuses to answer a question put by an inspector under this Act,
commits an offence and is on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$4 000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year or to both such fine and such imprisonment.

8. Forfeiture

(1)Subject to subsection (2) the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 (Act No. 51 of 1977), relating to the seizure and the forfeiting to the State of a thing relating to an offence, by a police officer or peace officer including provisions relating to the forfeiture, handling and storage of anything seized under that Act, as well as the provisions relating to rights of third parties when anything is declared forfeited, is applicable to anything seized under this Act and a reference in that Act to a peace officer or police officer is construed as a reference to an inspector.
(2)If the thing seized is a living plant or animal, the inspector may return such animal to its country of origin or release that plant or animal in an appropriate place in Namibia or deal therewith in any manner conducive to the well-being thereof, regardless of any rights in that thing that has not been conclusively determined but this subsection does not affect a claim of compensation for an unlawful seizure or disposal.
(3)Anything forfeited to the State as contemplated in this section must, if circumstances permit -
(a)be returned to the country of export or origin of the specimen as appropriate and any cost incurred in relation thereto may be recovered from any person convicted of an offence under this Act if the offence relates to the specimen concerned;
(b)be deposited in an appropriate institution, collection or museum or otherwise disposed of in a manner that benefits conservation.

9. Regulations

(1)The Minister may make regulations -
(a)prescribing the forms on which application must be made for permits or certificates required by this Act;
(b)prescribing the procedures with which an applicant for a permit or certificate must comply;
(c)prescribing any matter relating to the packaging of any specimen;
(d)prescribing requirements with which persons who keep live specimens must comply in order to promote the well-being of the specimen concerned;
(e)prescribing any procedure that must be followed when any animal, plant or any part thereof or specimen thereof is imported, exported or introduced from the sea;
(f)prescribing that any person who possesses, deals in, manufactures, imports or exports any controlled wildlife product or specimen (whether that person requires a permit or not) must keep records in the prescribed form and manner;
(g)prescribing the manner that a prescribed class of specimens may or must be marked, prohibiting the tampering with or the performance of any action with respect to such mark and prescribing any other matter relating to such mark;
(h)prescribing fees for the issuing of permits, registration or other administrative actions connected with the implementation of this Act;
(i)prescribing any matter that is necessary or expedient to prescribe in order to achieve the objects of this Act;
(2)Regulations made under subsection (1) may create offences with a penalty that does not exceed a fine of N$8 000 or two years imprisonment or both such fine and such imprisonment.

10. Delegation of powers

(1)Any power -
(a)vesting in the Minister (except the power to make regulations);
(b)vesting in the committee,
may be delegated to any staff member in the Ministry.
(2)When a power is delegated under this section, the authority that delegates the power concerned, may delegate any class of the powers vesting in that authority under such conditions as may be expedient.
(3)When powers are delegated under this section, the authority that delegates such powers, may issue directives circumscribing any issue with relation to the exercise of that power as may appear expedient.
(4)A delegation in terms of this section may at any time be withdrawn or amended.
(5)The committee may assign the research of any technical question to any person (whether a member or not) under such conditions as may be agreed with that person.
(6)A person to whom the research of a technical matter has been assigned as contemplated in subsection (5), must prepare a report on the research conducted to be submitted to the committee.
(7)If the committee adopts the report referred to in subsection (6), it is deemed that the committee has conducted the research in question.

11. Amendment of Schedules

(1)Whenever Appendices I, II or III is amended, the Minister must by notice in the Gazette amend Schedule 3 accordingly.[To be grammatically correct, subsection (1) should read “Whenever Appendix I, II or III is amended…”.]
(2)For the purpose of criminal liability or the seizure or forfeiture of any article, an amendment to Schedule 3 takes effect on the date when the notice is published as contemplated in subsection (1) or on a later date specified in that notice.
(3)The Minister may amend Schedule 1 by notice in the Gazette.
(4)When the Minister amends Schedule 1, the Minister may specify in respect of any animal, plant, part, product or substance that -
(a)the possession thereof is unlawful;
(b)dealing therein is unlawful;
(c)the import thereof is unlawful;
(d)the export thereof is unlawful,
or that more than one of these actions are unlawful.
(5)When controlled wildlife products are specified as contemplated in this section, the Minister may distinguish between -
(a)different species, varieties or populations of plants or animals;
(b)the country or region from which the animal or plant originates;
(c)the product or substance for which the act in question is specified;
(d)the process used when the animal or plant has been caught or collected or the process used in extracting or manufacturing the product or substance; or
(e)any other criterion that is relevant for the achievement of the objects of this Act.
(6)When the Minister amends Schedule 1, any act referred to in subsection (4), may be made conditional upon the compliance with any formalities relating to the registration, marking or any other action that will facilitate the identification of any specific specimen.

12. Jurisdiction of magistrate’s court

Despite any provision of any other law, a magistrate’s court has the power to impose any sentence or make any order in respect of an offence under this Act.

13. Repeal of laws and transitional provisions

(1)The Controlled Game Products Proclamation, 1980 (Proclamation AG. 42 of 1980), is repealed.
(2)Any person who has possessed anything lawfully before this Act comes into operation or before Schedule 1 or 3 is amended in such a manner that the person concerned would require a permit after such amendment, must apply for a permit authorising such possession within six months from such commencement or amendment.
(3)The provisions of subsection (2) apply to a person who is the holder of a permit issued in terms of the law repealed by subsection (1).
(4)If a person contemplated in subsection (2) or (3) has failed to apply within the period provided for in subsection (2), the possession in question is deemed to be possession without a permit as contemplated in section 4(1).

14. Short title and commencement

This Act is called the Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 and comes into operation on a date determined by the Minister by notice in the Gazette.

Schedule 1

CONTROLLED WILDLIFE PRODUCTS

(Section 1)

1. Subject to paragraph 2 and 3 no person may possess, manufacture any object from, deal in, import into, or export from Namibia any tusk, horn, head, ear, trunk, skin, tail or foot or any part thereof, of any elephant or rhinoceros, or any part of any species or other specimen mentioned in Appendix I unless the action in question is authorised by a permit.2. Paragraph 1 does not apply to the possession of up to five items of worked ivory with a total weight of less than 1 kg for personal use only.3. Paragraph 1 does not apply to omakipa or other ivory carvings that are possessed or transferred in accordance with the customary law or the long-standing customs of any group of people indigenous to Namibia.4. Paragraph 1 does not authorise the sale of the items referred to in that paragraph to any person who does not possess that item in accordance with such customary law or custom.5. Subject to paragraph 7, no person may possess, deal in, import or export to or from Namibia any live mammal of the order carnivora, without a permit authorising the action in question.6. Subject to paragraph 7, no person may import or export to or from Namibia any specimen derived from a mammal of the order carnivora without a permit authorising the action in question.7. Paragraph 5 and 6 do not apply to any domesticated form of mammal of the order carnivora.

Schedule 2

[The official text of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and its Appendices can be found on the website of the official depository, which is the Swiss government:][<www.eda.admin.ch/eda/fr/dfae/politique-exterieure/droit-international-public/traites-internationaux/depositaire/esp%C3%A8ces-menacees-(cites)/convention-sur-le-commerce-international-des-esp%C3%A8ces-de-faune-et-de-flore-sauvages-menacees-d-extinction.html>.][This links to the front page for the Convention, which is presented only in French. To find the original text of the Convention and the original Appendices in English, scroll to the heading heading "Texte original de la Convention" and click on "anglais" for the main text and "annexes (en)" for the appendices.]

TEXT OF CONVENTION

(Section 1)

The Contracting States,Recognizing that wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come;Conscious of the ever-growing value of wild fauna and flora from aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;Recognizing that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora;Recognizing, in addition, that international co-operation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation through international trade; Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end; Have agreed as follows:[The paragraph above is reproduced as it appears in the Government Gazette. It is formatted differently in the official text of the Convention.]

Article I – Definitions

For the purpose of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a)“Species” means any species, subspecies, or geographically separate population thereof;
(b)“Specimen” means:
(i)any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;
(ii)in the case of an animal: for species included in Appendices I and II, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendix III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendix III in relation to the species; and
(iii)in the case of a plant: for species included in Appendix I, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendices II and III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendices II and III in relation to the species;
(c)“Trade” means export, re-export, import and introduction from the sea;
(d)“Re-export” means export of any specimen that has previously been imported;
(e)“Introduction from the sea” means transportation into a State of specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State;
(f)“Scientific Authority” means a national scientific authority designated in accordance with Article IX;
(g)“Management Authority” means a national management authority designated in accordance with Article IX;
(h)“Party” means a State for which the present Convention has entered into force.

Article II – Fundamental Principles

1. Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their survival and must only be authorized in exceptional circumstances.2. Appendix II shall include:
(a)all species which although not necessarily now threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival; and
(b)other species which must be subject to regulation in order that trade in specimens of certain species referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph may be brought under effective control.
3. Appendix III shall include all species which any Party identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or restricting exploitation, and as needing the co-operation of other Parties in the control of trade.4. The Parties shall not allow trade in specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III except in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

Article III – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix I

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix I shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;
(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora;
(c)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and
(d)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for the specimen.
3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an import permit and either an export permit or a re-export certificate. An import permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of import has advised that the import will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species involved;
(b)a Scientific Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and
(c)a Management Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.
4. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;
(b)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and
(c)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for any living specimen.
5. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction. Acertificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved;
(b)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and
(c)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

Article IV – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix II

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;
(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and
(c)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.
3. A Scientific Authority in each Party shall monitor both the export permits granted by that State for specimens of species included in Appendix II and the actual exports of such specimens. Whenever a Scientific Authority determines that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in Appendix I, the Scientific Authority shall advise the appropriate Management Authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of that species.4. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior presentation of either an export permit or a re-export certificate.5. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention; and
(b)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.
6. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved; and
(b)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that any living specimen will be so handled as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.
7. Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article may be granted on the advice of a Scientific Authority, in consultation with other national scientific authorities or, when appropriate, international scientific authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year for total numbers of specimens to be introduced in such periods.

Article V – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix III

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix III shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III from any State which has included that species in Appendix III shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:
(a)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and
(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.
3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III shall require, except in circumstances to which paragraph 4 of this Article applies, the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from a State which has included that species in Appendix III, an export permit.4. In the case of re-export, a certificate granted by the Management Authority of the State of re-export that the specimen was processed in that State or is being re-exported shall be accepted by the State of import as evidence that the provisions of the present Convention have been complied with in respect of the specimen concerned.

Article VI – Permits and Certificates

1. Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of Articles III, IV, and V shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set forth in Appendix IV, and may only be used for export within a period of six months from the date on which it was granted.3. Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the Management Authority granting it and a control number assigned by the Management Authority.4. Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a Management Authority shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of the original, except to the extent endorsed thereon.5. A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of specimens.6. A Management Authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.7. Where appropriate and feasible a Management Authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen. For these purposes “mark” means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorized persons as diffcult as possible.[The word “difficult” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.]

Article VII – Exemptions and Other Special Provisions Relating to Trade

1. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the transit or transhipment of specimens through or in the territory of a Party while the specimens remain in Customs control.2. Where a Management Authority of the State of export or re-export is satisfied that a specimen was acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to that specimen, the provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to that specimen where the Management Authority issues a certificate to that effect.3. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to specimens that are personal or household effects. This exemption shall not apply where:
(a)in the case of specimens of a species included in Appendix I, they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence, and are being imported into that State; or
(b)in the case of specimens of species included in Appendix II:
(i)they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence and in a State where removal from the wild occurred;
(ii)they are being imported into the owner’s State of usual residence; and
(iii)the State where removal from the wild occurred requires the prior grant of export permits before any export of such specimens; unless a Management Authority is satisfied that the specimens were acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to such specimens.
4. Specimens of an animal species included in Appendix I bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in Appendix I artificially propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix II.5. Where a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any specimen of an animal species was bred in captivity or any specimen of a plant species was artificially propagated, or is a part of such an animal or plant or was derived there from, a certificate by that Management Authority to that effect shall be accepted in lieu of any of the permits or certificates required under the provisions of Article III, IV or V. VII6 VII6[The word “therefrom” should be written as one word. The numerals “VIII6 VIII6” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.)6. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the non- commercial loan, donation or exchange between scientists or scientific institutions registered by a Management Authority of their State, of herbarium specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and live plant materials which carry a label issued or approved by a Management Authority.[The term “live plant material” is singular in the official text of the Convention.]7. A Management Authority of any State may waive the requirements of Articles III, IV and V and allow the movement without permits or certificates of specimens which form part of a travelling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant exhibition or other travelling exhibition provided that:
(a)the exporter or importer registers full details of such specimens with that Management Authority;
(b)the specimens are in either of the categories specified in paragraph 2 or 5 of this Article; and
(c)the Management Authority is satisfied that any living specimen will be so transported and cared for as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

Article VIII – Measures to Be Taken by the Parties

1. The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof. These shall include measures:
(a)to penalize trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both; and
(b)to provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export of such specimens.
2. In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this Article, a Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the provisions of the present Convention.3. As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay. To facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry at which specimens must be presented for clearance. The Parties shall ensure further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or shipment, are properly cared for so as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.4. Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article:
(a)the specimen shall be entrusted to a Management Authority of the State of confiscation;
(b)the Management Authority shall, after consultation with the State of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to a rescue centre or such other place as the Management Authority deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention; and
(c)the Management Authority may obtain the advice of a Scientific Authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the Secretariat in order to facilitate the decision under sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.
[The word “subparagraph” in paragraph (c) appears without a hyphen in the official text of the Convention]5. A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article means an institution designated by a Management Authority to look after the welfare of living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated. VIII6 VIII6[The numerals “VIII6 VIII6” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.]6. Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III which shall cover:
(a)the names and addresses of exporters and importers; and
(b)the number and type of permits and certificates granted; the States with which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of specimens, names of species as included in Appendices I, II and III and, where applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question. VIII7 VIII7
[The numerals “VIII7 VIII7” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.]7. Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:
(a)an annual report containing a summary of the information specified in subparagraph (b) of paragraph 6 of this Article; and[The word “subparagraph” in paragraph (a) appears without a hyphen in the official text of the Convention, as in the Government Gazette, even though this is inconsistent with other usages of the term in the official text.]
(b)a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention.
8. The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.

Article IX – Management and Scientific Authorities

1. Each Party shall designate for the purposes of the present Convention:
(a)one or more Management Authorities competent to grant permits or certificates on behalf of that Party; and
(b)one or more Scientific Authorities.
2. A State depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall at that time inform the Depositary Government of the name and address of the Management Authority authorized to communicate with other Parties and with the Secretariat.3. Any changes in the designations or authorizations under the provisions of this Article shall be communicated by the Party concerned to the Secretariat for transmission to all other Parties.4. Any Management Authority referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall, if so requested by the Secretariat or the Management Authority of another Party, communicate to it impression of stamps, seals or other devices used to authenticate permits or certificates.

Article X – Trade with States not Party to the Convention

Where export or re-export is to, or import is from, a State not a Party to the present Convention, comparable documentation issued by the competent authorities in that State which substantially conforms with the requirements of the present Convention for permits and certificates may be accepted in lieu thereof by any Party.

Article XI – Conference of the Parties

1. The Secretariat shall call a meeting of the Conference of the Parties not later than two years after the entry into force of the present Convention.2. Thereafter the Secretariat shall convene regular meetings at least once every two years, unless the Conference decides otherwise and extraordinary meetings at any time on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties.3. At meetings, whether regular or extraordinary, the Parties shall review the implementation of the present Convention and may:
(a)make such provision as may be necessary to enable the Secretariat to carry out its duties, and adopt financial provisions;[Paragraph (a) as it appears here incorporates the Amendment to Article XI of the Convention made at Bonn (Germany) on 22 June 1979, which Namibia has accepted.]
(b)consider and adopt amendments to Appendices I and II in accordance with Article XV;
(c)review the progress made towards the restoration and conservation of the species included in Appendices I, II and III;
(d)receive and consider any reports presented by the Secretariat or by any Party; and
(e)where appropriate, make recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the present Convention.
4. At each regular meeting, the Parties may determine the time and venue of the next regular meeting to be held in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article.5. At any meeting, the Parties may determine and adopt rules of procedure for the meeting.6. The United Nations, its Specialized Agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State not a Party to the present Convention, may be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, who shall have the right to participate but not to vote.7. Any body or agency technically qualified in protection, conservation or management of wild fauna and flora, in the following categories, which has informed the Secretariat of its desire to be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, shall be admitted unless at least one-third of the Parties present object:
(a)international agencies or bodies, either governmental or non- governmental, and national governmental agencies and bodies; and
(b)national non-governmental agencies or bodies which have been approved for this purpose by the State in which they are located. Once admitted, these observers shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

Article XII – The Secretariat

1. Upon entry into force of the present Convention, a Secretariat shall be provided by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme. To the extent and in the manner he considers appropriate, he may be assisted by suitable inter-governmental or non-governmental international or national agencies and bodies technically qualified in protection, conservation and management of wild fauna and flora.2. The functions of the Secretariat shall be:
(a)to arrange for and service meetings of the Parties;
(b)to perform the functions entrusted to it under the provisions of Articles XV and XVI of the present Convention;
(c)to undertake scientific and technical studies in accordance with programmes authorized by the Conference of the Parties as will contribute to the implementation of the present Convention, including studies concerning standards for appropriate preparation and shipment of living specimens and the means of identifying specimens;
(d)to study the reports of Parties and to request from Parties such further information with respect thereto as it deems necessary to ensure implementation of the present Convention;
(e)to invite the attention of the Parties to any matter pertaining to the aims of the present Convention;
(f)to publish periodically and distribute to the Parties current editions of Appendices I, II and III together with any information which will facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those Appendices;
(g)to prepare annual reports to the Parties on its work and on the implementation of the present Convention and such other reports as meetings of the Parties may request;
(h)to make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and provisions of the present Convention, including the exchange of information of a scientific or technical nature;
(i)to perform any other function as may be entrusted to it by the Parties.

Article XIII – International Measures

1. When the Secretariat in the light of information received is satisfied that any species included in Appendix I or II is being affected adversely by trade in specimens of that species or that the provisions of the present Convention are not being effectively implemented, it shall communicate such information to the authorized Management Authority of the Party or Parties concerned.2. When any Party receives a communication as indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall, as soon as possible, inform the Secretariat of any relevant facts insofar as its laws permit and, where appropriate, propose remedial action. Where the Party considers that an inquiry is desirable, such inquiry may be carried out by one or more persons expressly authorized by the Party.3. The information provided by the Party or resulting from any inquiry as specified in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be reviewed by the next Conference of the Parties which may make whatever recommendations it deems appropriate.

Article XIV – Effect on Domestic Legislation and International Conventions

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the right of Parties to adopt:
(a)stricter domestic measures regarding the conditions for trade, taking, possession or transport of specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III, or the complete prohibition thereof; or
(b)domestic measures restricting or prohibiting trade, taking, possession or transport of species not included in Appendix I, II or III.
2. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of any domestic measures or the obligations of Parties deriving from any treaty, convention, or international agreement relating to other aspects of trade, taking, possession or transport of specimens which is in force or subsequently may enter into force for any Party including any measure pertaining to the Customs, public health, veterinary or plant quarantine fields.3. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of, or the obligations deriving from, any treaty, convention or international agreement concluded or which may be concluded between States creating a union or regional trade agreement establishing or maintaining a common external Customs control and removing Customs control between the parties thereto insofar as they relate to trade among the States members of that union or agreement.4. A State party to the present Convention, which is also a party to any other treaty, convention or international agreement which is in force at the time of the coming into force of the present Convention and under the provisions of which protection is afforded to marine species included in Appendix II, shall be relieved of the obligations imposed on it under the provisions of the present Convention with respect to trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II that are taken by ships registered in that State and in accordance with the provisions of such other treaty, convention or international agreement.5. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles III, IV and V, any export of a specimen taken in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article shall only require a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction to the effect that the specimen was taken in accordance with the provisions of the other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.6. Nothing in the present Convention shall prejudice the codification and development of the law of the sea by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea convened pursuant to Resolution 2750 C (XXV) of the General Assembly of the United Nations nor the present or future claims and legal views of any State concerning the law of the sea and the nature and extent of coastal and flag State jurisdiction.

Article XV – Amendments to Appendices I and II

1. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices I and II at meetings of the Conference of the Parties:
(a)Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for consideration at the next meeting. The text of the proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Secretariat at least 150 days before the meeting. The Secretariat shall consult the other Parties and interested bodies on the amendment in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 of this Article and shall communicate the response to all Parties not later than 30 days before the meeting.
(b)Amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affrmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.[The word “affirmative” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.]
(c)Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.
2. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices I and II between meetings of the Conference of the Parties:
(a)Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for consideration between meetings by the postal procedures set forth in this paragraph.
(b)For marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties. It shall also consult inter-governmental bodies having a function in relation to those species especially with a view to obtaining scientific data these bodies may be able to provide and to ensuring co-ordination with any conservation measures enforced by such bodies. The Secretariat shall communicate the views expressed and data provided by these bodies and its own findings and recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.
(c)For species other than marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties, and, as soon as possible thereafter, its own recommendations.
(d)Any Party may, within 60 days of the date on which the Secretariat communicated its recommendations to the Parties under sub-paragraph (b) or (c) of this paragraph, transmit to the Secretariat any comments on the proposed amendment together with any relevant scientific data and information.
(e)The Secretariat shall communicate the replies received together with its own recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.
(f)If no objection to the proposed amendment is received by the Secretariat within 30 days of the date the replies and recommendations were communicated under the provisions of sub-paragraph (e) of this paragraph, the amendment shall enter into force 90 days later for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.
(g)If an objection by any Party is received by the Secretariat, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to a postal vote in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs (h), (i) and (j) of this paragraph.
(h)The Secretariat shall notify the Parties that notification of objection has been received.
(i)Unless the Secretariat receives the votes for, against or in abstention from at least one-half of the Parties within 60 days of the date of notification under sub-paragraph (h) of this paragraph, the proposed amendment shall be referred to the next meeting of the Conference for further consideration.
(j)Provided that votes are received from one-half of the Parties, the amendment shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties casting an affirmative or negative vote.
(k)The Secretariat shall notify all Parties of the result of the vote.
(l)If the proposed amendment is adopted it shall enter into force 90 days after the date of the notification by the Secretariat of its acceptance for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.
3. During the period of 90 days provided for by sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph 1 or sub-paragraph (l) of paragraph 2 of this Article any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government make a reservation with respect to the amendment. Until such reservation is withdrawn the Party shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species concerned.

Article XVI – Appendix III and Amendments thereto

1. Any Party may at any time submit to the Secretariat a list of species which it identifies as being sub ject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 3 of Article II. Appendix III shall include the names of the Parties submitting the species for inclusion therein, the scientific names of the species so submitted, and any parts or derivatives of the animals or plants concerned that are specified in relation to the species for the purposes of sub-paragraph (b) of Article I.[The word “subject” should be written as one word, as it appears in the official text of the Convention.]2. Each list submitted under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat as soon as possible after receiving it. The list shall take effect as part of Appendix III 90 days after the date of such communication. At any time after the communication of such list, any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government enter a reservation with respect to any species or any parts or derivatives, and until such reservation is withdrawn, the State shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species or part or derivative concerned.3. A Party which has submitted a species for inclusion in Appendix III may withdraw it at any time by notification to the Secretariat which shall communicate the withdrawal to all Parties. The withdrawal shall take effect 30 days after the date of such communication.4. Any Party submitting a list under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of all domestic laws and regulations applicable to the protection of such species, together with any interpretations which the Party may deem appropriate or the Secretariat may request. The Party shall, for as long as the species in question is included in Appendix III, submit any amendments of such laws and regulations or any interpretations as they are adopted.

Article XVII – Amendment of the Convention

1. An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention. Such amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affrmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.[The word “affirmative” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.]2. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least 90 days before the meeting.3. An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it 60 days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government. Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other Party 60 days after that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.

Article XVIII – Resolution of Disputes

1. Any dispute which may arise between two or more Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of the provisions of the present Convention shall be sub ject to negotiation between the Parties involved in the dispute.[The word “subject” should be written as one word, as it appears in the official text of the Convention.]2. If the dispute can not be resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article, the Parties may, by mutual consent, submit the dispute to arbitration, in particular that of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, and the Parties submitting the dispute shall be bound by the arbitral decision.[The term “can not” appears as one word in the official text of the Convention.]

Article XIX – Signature

The present Convention shall be open for signature at Washington until 30th April 1973 and thereafter at Berne until 31st December 1974.

Article XX – Ratification, Acceptance, Approval

The present Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Government of the Swiss Confederation which shall be the Depositary Government.

Article XXI – Accession

The present Convention shall be open indefinitely for accession. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary Government.[Note that Namibia is not a party to the amendments to Article XXI agreed upon by the Parties to CITES at the second extraordinary meeting in Gaborone, Botswana, on 30 April 1983.]

Article XXII – Entry into Force

1. The present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, with the Depositary Government.2. For each State which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Article XXIII – Reservations

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall not be subject to general reservations. Specific reservations may be entered in accordance with the provisions of this Article and Articles XV and XVI.2. Any State may, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, enter a specific reservation with regard to:
(a)any species included in Appendix I, II or III; or
(b)any parts or derivatives specified in relation to a species included in Appendix III.
3. Until a Party withdraws its reservation entered under the provisions of this Article, it shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the particular species or parts or derivatives specified in such reservation.

Article XXIV – Denunciation

Any Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Depositary Government at any time. The denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the Depositary Government has received the notification.

Article XXV – Depositary

1. The original of the present Convention, in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Depositary Government, which shall transmit certified copies thereof to all States that have signed it or deposited instruments of accession to it.2. The Depositary Government shall inform all signatory and acceding States and the Secretariat of signatures, deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, entry into force of the present Convention, amendments thereto, entry and withdrawal of reservations and notifications of denunciation.3. As soon as the present Convention enters into force, a certified copy thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary Government to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.In witness whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized to that effect, have signed the present Convention.Done at Washington this third day of March, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Seventy-three.

Schedule 3 (Section 1)

Appendices to Convention

[Schedule 3 is substituted by GN 94/2017.][Note that the Appendices to CITES can be, and regularly are, amended by "the Conference of the Parties" under Articles XV and XVI of the Convention, and the amendments enter into force automatically for all parties.][However, section 11(1) of this Act states: “Whenever Appendices I, II or III is amended [sic], the Minister must by notice in the Gazette amend Schedule 3 accordingly.” In addition, section 1(3)(c) of this Act states: “Any provision of this Act is construed with reference to the Convention and any provision of the Convention is deemed to ORCHIDACEAE be part of this Act and for that purpose … (c) a species is deemed to be included in an Appendix only if it appears in the relevant column of Schedule 3 and also subject to such further qualifications as set out in the relevant entry or such further notes as may appear in that Schedule.”][The version of the Appendices on the CITES website <www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php> is updated regularly to include the latest amendments to the CITES Appendices in a convenient table format, which differs from the original text of the Convention and its amendments. The table format from the CITES website has been copied in the Government Gazette and is is presented below as it appears in the Government Gazette.]

Interpretations

1.Species included in these Appendices are referred to:
(a)by the name of the species; or
(b)as being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated part thereof.
2.The abbreviation “Cervas elaphus spp.” is used to denote all species of a higher taxon.
3.Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only. The common names included after the scientific names of families are for reference only. They are intended to indicate the species within the family concerned that are included in the Appendices. In most cases this is not all of the species within the family.
4.The following abbreviations are used for plant taxa below the level of species:
(a)“ssp.” is used to denote subspecies; and
(b)“var(s).” is used to denote variety (varieties).
5.As none of the species or higher taxa of FLORA included in Appendix I is annotated to the effect that its hybrids shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of Article III of the Convention, this means that artificially propagated hybrids produced from one or more of these species or taxa may be traded with a certificate of artificial propagation, and that seeds and pollen (including pollinia), cut flowers, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers of these hybrids are not subject to the provisions of the Convention.
6.The names of the countries in parentheses placed against the names of species in Appendix III are those of the Parties submitting these species for inclusion in this Appendix.
7.When a species is included in one of the Appendices, all parts and derivatives of the species are also included in the same Appendix unless the species is annotated to indicate that only specific parts and derivatives are included. The symbol # followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon included in Appendix II or III refers to a footnote that indicates the parts or derivatives of plants that are designated as ‘specimens’ subject to the provisions of the Convention in accordance with Article I, paragraph (b), subparagraph (iii).
8.The terms and expressions below, used in annotations in these Appendices, are defined as follows:ExtractAny substance obtained directly from plant material by physical or chemical means regardless of the manufacturing process. An extract may be solid (e.g. crystals', resin, fine or coarse particles), semi-solid (e.g. gums, waxes) or liquid (e.g. solutions, tinctures, oil and essential oils).Finished products packaged and ready for retail tradeProducts, shipped singly or in bulk, requiring no further processing, packaged, labelled for final use or the retail trade in a state fit for being sold to or used by the general public.PowderA dry, solid substance in the form of fine or coarse particles.WoodchipsWood that has been reduced to small pieces.
 Appendices
IIIIII
FAUNA (ANIMALS)PHYLUM CHORDATACLASS MAMMALIA (MAMMALS) 
ARTIODACTYLA 
Antitocapridae Pronghorns 
 Antilocapra americana (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Appendices)  
Bovidae Antelopes, cattle, duikers, gazelles, goats, sheep, etc. 
 Addax nasomaculatus  
  Ammotragus lervia 
   Antilope cervicapra (Nepal, Pakistan)
 Bos gaurus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bos frontalis, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
 Bos mutus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bos grunniens, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
 Bos sauveli  
   Boselaphus tragocamelus (Pakistan)
   Bubalus arnee (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bubalus bubalis and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention) (Nepal)
 Bubalus depressicornis  
 Bubalus mindorensis  
 Bubalus quarlesi  
  Budorcas taxicolor 
  Capra caucasica 
 Capra falconeri  
   Capra hircus aegagrus (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) (Pakistan)
   Capra sibirica (Pakistan)
 Capricornis milneedwardsii  
 Capricornis rubidus  
 Capricornis sumatraensis  
 Capricornis thar  
  Cephalophus brookei 
  Cephalophus dorsalis 
 Cephalophus jentinki  
  Cephalophus ogilbyi 
  Cephalophus silvicultor 
  Cephalophus zebra 
  Damaliscus pygargus pygargus 
   Gazella bennettii (Pakistan)
 Gazella cuvieri  
   Gazella dorcas (Algeria, Tunisia)
 Gazella leptoceros  
 Hippotragus niger variani  
  Kobus leche 
 Naemorhedus baileyi  
 Naemorhedus caudatus  
 Naemorhedus goral  
 Naemorhedus griseus  
 Nanger dama  
 Oryx dammah  
 Oryx leucoryx  
  Ovis ammon (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) 
 Ovis ammon hodgsonii  
 Ovis ammon nigrimontana  
  Ovis aries (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I, the subspecies O. a. ispha- hanica, O. a. laristanica, O. a. musimon and O. a. orientalis which are not included in the Appendices, and the domesticated form Ovis aries aries which is not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
 Ovis aries ophion  
 Ovis aries vignei  
  Ovis canadensis (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Appendices) 
 Pantholops hodgsonii  
  Philantomba monticola 
   Pseudois nayaur (Pakistan)
 Pseudoryx nghetinhensis  
  Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata 
  Saiga borealis 
  Saiga tatarica 
   Tetracerus quadricornis (Nepal)
Camelidae Camels, guanacos, vicunas 
  Lama guanicoe 
 Vicugna vicugna (Except the populations of: Argentina (the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan), Chile (population of the Primera Región), Ecuador (the whole population), Peru (the whole population) and the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the whole population), which are included in Appendix II)  
  Vicugna vicugna (Only the populations of Argentina (the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan), Chile (population of the Primera Region), Ecuador (the whole population), Peru (the whole population) and the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the whole population); all other populations are included in Appendix I) [1] 
Cervidae Deer, huemuls, muntjacs, pudus 
 Axis calamianensis  
 Axis kuhlii  
   Axis porcinus (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) (Pakistan)
 Axis porcinus annamiticus  
 Blastocerus dichotomus  
  Cervas elaphus bactrianus 
   Cervus elaphus barbarus (Algeria, Tunisia)
 Cervus elaphus hanglu  
 Dama dama mesopotamica  
 Hippocamelusspp.  
   Mazama temama cerasina (Guatemala)
 Muntiacus crinifrons  
 Muntiacus vuquangensis  
   Odocoileus virginianus mayensis (Guatemala)
 Ozotoceros bezoarticus  
  Pudu mephistophiles 
 Pudu puda  
 Rucervus duvaucelii  
 Rucervus eldii  
Hippopotamidae Hippopotamuses 
  Hexaprotodon liberiensis 
  Hippopotamus amphibius 
Moschidae Musk deer 
 Moschus spp. (Only the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
  Moschus spp. (Except the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, which are included in Appendix I) 
Suidae Babirusa, hogs, pigs 
 Babyrousa babyrussa  
 Babyrousa bolabatuensis  
 Babyrousa celebensis  
 Babyrousa togeanensis  
 Sus salvanius  
Tayassuidae Peccaries 
  Tayassuidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and the populations of Pecari tajacu of Mexico and the United States of America, which are not included in the Appendices) 
 Catagonus wagneri  
CARNIVORA 
Ailuridae Red pandas 
 Ailurus fulgens  
Canidae Dogs, foxes, wolves 
   Canis aureus (India)
 Canis lupus (Only the populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan; all other populations are included in Appendix II. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo, respectively, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
  Canis lupus (Except the populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan, which are included in Appendix I. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo, respectively, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
  Cerdocyon thous 
  Chrysocyon brachyurus 
  Cuon alpinus 
  Lycalopex culpaeus 
  Lycalopex fulvipes 
  Lycalopex griseus 
  Lycalopex gymnocercus 
 Speothos venaticus  
   Vulpes bengalensis (India)
  Vulpes cana 
   Vulpes vulpes griffithi (India)
   Vulpes vulpes montana (India)
   Vulpes vulpes pusilla (India)
  Vulpes zerda 
Eupleridae Fossa, falanouc, Malagasy civets 
  Cryptoprocta ferox 
  Eupleres goudotii 
  Fossa fossana 
Felidae Cats 
  Felidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I. Excludes specimens of the domesticated form, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention. For Panthera leo (African populations): a zero annual export quota is established for specimens of bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletonscro, skulls and teeth removed from the wild and traded for commercial purposes. Annual export quotas for trade in bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls and teeth for commercial purposes, derived from captive breeding operations in South Africa, will be established and communicated annually to the CITES Secretariat.) 
 Acinonyx jubatus (Annual export quotas for live specimens and hunting trophies are granted as follows: Botswana: 5; Namibia: 150; Zimbabwe: 50. The trade in such specimens is subject to the provisions of Article III of the Convention)  
 Caracal caracal (Only the population of Asia; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Catopuma temminckii  
 Felis nigripes  
 Leopardus geoffroyi  
 Leopardus jacobitus  
 Leopardus pardalis  
 Leopardus tigrinus  
 Leopardus wiedii  
 Lynx pardinus  
 Neofelis nebulosa  
 Panthera leo persica  
 Panthera onca  
 Panthera pardus  
 Panthera tigris  
 Pardofelis marmorata  
 Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis (Only the populations of Bangladesh, India and Thailand; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Prionailurus planiceps  
 Prionailurus rubiginosus (Only the population of India; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Puma concolor costaricensis  
 Puma yagouaroundi (Only the populations of Central and North America; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Uncia uncia  
Herpestidae Mongooses 
   Herpestes edwardsi (India, Pakistan)
   Herpestes fuscus (India)
   Herpestes javanicus (Pakistan)
   Herpestes javanicus auropunctatus (India)
   Herpestes smithii (India)
   Herpestes urva (India)
   Herpestes vitticollis (India)
Hyaenidae Aardwolf, hyenas 
   Hyaena hyaena (Pakistan)
   Proteles cristata (Botswana)
Mephitidae Skunks 
  Conepatus humboldtii 
Mustelidae Badgers, martens, otters, weasels, etc. 
Lutrinae Otters 
  Lutrinae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Aonyx capensis microdon (Only the populations of Cameroon and Nigeria; all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Enhydra lutris nereis  
 Lontra felina  
 Lontra longicaudis  
 Lonira provocax  
 Lontra lutra  
 Lutra nippon  
 Pteronura brasiliensis  
Mustelinae Grisons, honey badgers, martens, tayra, weasels 
   Eira barbara (Honduras)
   Galictis vittata (Costa Rica)
   Martes flavigula (India)
   Martes foina intermedia (India)
   Martes gwatkinsii (India)
   Mellivora capensis (Botswana)
   Mustela altaica (India)
   Mustela erminea ferghanae (India)
   Mustela kathiah (India)
 Mustela nigripes  
   Mustela sibirica (India)
Odobenidae Walruses 
   Odobenus rosmarus (Canada)
Otariidae Fur seals, sealions 
  Arctocephalus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Arctocephalus townsendi  
Phocidae Seals 
  Mirounga leonina 
 Monachus spp.  
Procyonidae Coatis, kinkajous, olingos 
   Bassaricyon gabbii (Costa Rica)
   Bassariscus sumichrasti (Costa Rica)
   Nasua narica (Honduras)
   Nasua nasua solitaria (Uruguay)
   Potos flavus (Honduras)
Ursidae Bears, giant pandas 
  Ursidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Ailuropoda melanoleuca  
 Helarctos malayanus  
 Melursus ursinus  
 Tremarctos ornatus  
 Ursus arctos (Only the populations of Bhutan, China, Mexico and Mongolia: all other populations are included in Appendix II)  
 Ursus arctos isabellinus  
 Ursus thibetanus  
Viverridae Binturong, civets, linsangs, otter-civet, palm civets 
   Arctictis binturong (India)
   Civettictis civetta (Botswana)
  Cynogale bennettii 
  Hemigalus derbyanus 
   Paguma larvata (India)
   Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (India)
   Paradoxurus jerdoni (India)
  Prionodon linsang 
 Prionodon pardicolor  
   Viverra civettina (India)
   Viverra zibetha (India)
   Viverricula indica (India)
CETACEA Dolphins, porpoises, whales 
  CETACEA spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I. A zero annual export quota has been established for live specimens from the Black Sea population of Tursiops truncatus removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes) 
Balaenidae Bowhead whale, right whales 
 Balaena mysticetus  
 Eubalaena spp.  
Balaenopteridae Fin whales, humpback whales, rorquals 
 Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Except the population of West Greenland, which is included in Appendix II)  
 Balaenoptera bonaerensis  
 Balaenoptera borealis  
 Balaenoptera edeni  
 Balaenoptera musculus  
 Balaenoptera omurai  
 Balaenoptera physalus  
 Megaptera novaeangliae  
Delphinidae Dolphins 
 Orcaella brevirostris  
 Orcaella heinsohni  
 Sotalia spp.  
 Sousa spp.  
Eschrichtiidae Grey whale 
 Eschrichtius robustus  
Iniidae River dolphins 
 Lipotes vexillifer  
Neobalaenidae Pygmy right whale 
 Caperea marginata  
Phocoenidae Porpoises 
 Neophocaena asiaeorientalis  
 Neophocaena phocaenoides  
 Phocoena sinus  
Physeteridae Sperm whales 
 Physeter macrocephalus  
Platanistidae River dolphins 
 Platanista spp.  
Ziphiidae Beaked whales, bottle-nosed whales 
 Berardius spp.  
 Hyperoodon spp.  
CHIROPTERA 
Phyllostomidae Broad-nosed bats 
   Platyrrhinus lineatus (Uruguay)
Pteropodidae Fruit bats, flying foxes 
  Acerodon spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Acerodon jubatus  
  Pteropus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Pteropus brunneus) 
 Pteropus insularis  
 Pteropus loochoensis  
 Pteropus mariannus  
 Pteropus molossinus  
 Pteropus pelewensis  
 Pteropus pilosus  
 Pteropus samoensis  
 Pteropus tonganus  
 Pteropus ualanus  
 Pteropus yapensis  
CINGULATA 
Dasypodidae Armadillos 
   Cabassous centralis (Costa Rica)
   Cabassous tatouay (Uruguay)
  Chaetophractus nationi (A zero annual export quota has been established. All specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly) 
 Priodontes maximus  
DASYUROMORPHIA 
Dasyuridae Dunnarts 
 Sminthopsis longicaudata  
 Sminthopsis psammophila  
DIPROTODONTIA 
Macropodidae Kangaroos, wallabies 
  Dendrolagus inustus 
  Dendrolagus ursinus 
 Lagorchestes hirsutus  
 Lagostrophus fasciatus  
 Onychogalea fraenata  
Phalangeridae Cuscuses 
  Phalanger intercastellanus 
  Phalanger mimicus 
  Phalanger orientalis 
  Spilocuscus kraemeri 
  Spilocuscus maculatus 
  Spilocuscus papuensis 
Potoroidae Rat-kangaroos 
 Bettongia spp.  
Vombatidae Wombats 
 Lasiorhinus krefftii  
LAGOMORPHA 
Leporidae Hares, rabbits 
 Caprolagus hispidus  
 Romerolagus diazi  
MONOTREMATA 
Tachyglossidae Echidnas, spiny anteaters 
  Zaglossus spp. 
PERAMELEMORPHIA 
Peramelidae Bandicoots, echymiperas 
 Peramles bougainville  
Thylacomyidae Bilbies 
 Macrotis lagotis  
PERISSODACTYLA 
Equidae Horses, wild asses, zebras 
 Equus qfricanus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Equus asinus, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
 Equus grevyi  
  Equus hemionus (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) 
 Equus hemionus hemionus  
 Equus hemionus khur  
  Equus kiang 
 Equus przewalskii  
  Equus zebra hartmannae 
  Equus zebra zebra 
Rhinocerotidae Rhinoceroses 
 Rhinocerotidae spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix II)  
  Ceratotherium simum simum (Only the populations of South Africa and Swaziland; all other populations are included in Appendix I. For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations and hunting trophies. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly) 
Tapiridae Tapirs 
 Tapiridae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix II)  
  Tapirus terrestris 
PHOLIDOTA 
Manidae Pangolins 
  Manis spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Manis crassicaudata  
 Manis culionensis  
 Manis gigantea  
 Manis javanica  
 Manis pentadactyla  
 Manis temminckii  
 Manis tetradactyla  
 Manis tricuspa  
PILOSA 
Bradypodidae Three-toed sloths 
  Bratypus pygmaeus 
  Bratypus variegatus 
Megalonychidae Two-toed sloths 
   Choloepus hoffmanni (Costa Rica)
Myrmecophagidae American anteaters 
  Myrmecophaga tridactyla 
   Tamandua mexicana (Guatemala)
PRIMATES Apes, monkeys 
  PRIMATES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
Atelidae Howler monkeys, spider monkeys 
 Alouatta coibensis  
 Alouatta palliata  
 Alouatta pigra  
 Ateles geoffroyi frontatus  
 Ateles geoffroyi ornatus  
 Brachyteles arachnoides  
 Brachyteles hypoxanthus  
 Oreonax flavicauda  
Cebidae Marmosets, tamarins, new-world monkeys 
 Callimico goeldii  
 Callithrix aurita  
 Callithrix flaviceps  
 Leontopithecus spp.  
 Saguinus bicolor  
 Saguinus geoffroyi  
 Saguinus leucopus  
 Saguinus martinsi  
 Saguinus oedipus  
 Saimiri oerstedii  
Cercopithecidae Old-world monkeys 
 Cercocebus galeritus  
 Cercopithecus diana  
 Cercopithecus roloway  
 Macaca silenus  
 Macaca sylvanus  
 Mandrillus leucophaeus  
 Mandrillus sphinx  
 Nasalis larvatus  
 Piliocolobus kirkii  
 Piliocolobus rufomitratus  
 Presbytis potenziani  
 Pygathrix spp.  
 Rhinopithecus spp.  
 Semnopithecus ajax  
 Semnopithecus dussumieri  
 Semnopithecus entellus  
 Semnopithecus hector  
 Semnopithecus hypoleucos  
 Semnopithecus priam  
 Semnopithecus schistaceus  
 Simias concolor  
 Trachypithecus geei  
 Trachypithecus pileatus  
 Trachypithecus shortridgei  
Cheirogaleidae Dwarf lemurs 
 Cheirogaleidae spp.  
Daubentoniidae Aye-aye 
 Daubentonia madagascariensis  
Hominidae Apes, chimpanzees, gorillas, orang-utans 
 Gorilla beringei  
 Gorilla gorilla  
 Pan spp.  
 Pongo abelii  
 Pongo pygmaeus  
Hylobatidae Gibbons 
 Hylobatidae spp.  
Indriidae Indris, sifakas, woolly lemurs 
 lndriidae spp.  
Lemuridae Large lemurs 
 Lemuridae spp.  
Lepilemuridae Sportive lemurs 
 Lepilemuridae spp.  
Lorisidae Lorises 
 Nycticebus spp.  
Pitheciidae Sakis, uakaris 
 Cacajao spp.  
 Chiropotes albinasus  
PROBOSCIDEA 
Elephantidae Elephants 
 Elephas maximus  
 Loxodonta africana (Except the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, which are included in Appendix II subject to annotation 2)  
  Loxodonta africana [2] (Only the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe; all other populations are included in Appendix I) 
RODENTIA 
Chinchillidae Chinchillas 
 Chinchilla spp. (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
Cuniculidae Pacas 
   Cuniculus paca (Honduras)
Dasyproctidae Agoutis 
   Dasyprocta punctata (Honduras)
Erethizontidae New-world porcupines 
   Sphiggurus mexicanus (Honduras)
   Sphiggurus spinosus (Uruguay)
Muridae Mice, rats 
 Leporillus conditor  
 Pseudomys fieldfi praeconis  
 Xeromys myoides  
 Zyzomys pedunculatus   
Sciuridae Ground squirrels, tree squirrels 
 Cynomys mexicanus  
   Marmota caudata (India)
   Marmota himalayana (India)
  Ratufa spp. 
   Sciurus deppei (Costa Rica)
SCANDENTIATree shrews 
  SCANDENTIA spp. 
SIRENIA 
Dugongidae Dugong 
 Dugong dugon  
Trichechidae Manatees 
 Trichechus inunguis  
 Trichechus manatus  
 Trichechus senegalensis  
CLASS AVES (BIRDS) 
ANSERIFORMES 
Anatidae Ducks, geese, swans, etc. 
 Anas aucklandica  
  Anas bernieri 
 Anas chlorotis  
  Anas formosa 
 Anas laysanensis  
 Anas nesiotis  
 Asarcornis scutulata  
 Branta canadensis leucopareia  
  Branta ruftcollis 
 Branta sandvicensis  
  Coscoroba coscoroba 
  Cygnus melancoryphus 
  Dendrocygna arborea 
   Dendrocygna autumnalis (Honduras)
   Dendrocygna bicolor (Honduras)
  Oxyura leucocephala 
 Rhodonessa caryophyllacea  
  Sarkidiornis melanotos 
APODIFORMES 
Trochilidae Hummingbirds 
  Trochdidae spp. (Except the species included in Appentfix I) 
 Glaucis dohrnii  
CHARADRIIFORMES 
Burhinidae Thick-knees 
   Burhinus bistriatus (Guatemala)
Laridae Gulls 
 Larus relictus  
Scolopacidae Curlews, greenshanks 
 Numenius borealis  
 Numenius tenuirostris  
 Tringa guttifer  
CICONIIFORMES 
Balaenicipitidae Shoebills,whale-headed storks 
  Balaeniceps rex 
Ciconiidae Storks 
 Ciconia boyciana  
  Ciconia nigra 
 Jabiru mycteria  
 Mycteria cinerea  
Phoenicopteridae Flamingos 
  Phoenicopteridae spp. 
Threskiornithidae Ibises, spoonbills 
  Eudocimus ruber 
  Geronticus calvus 
 Geronticus eremita  
 Nipponia nippon  
  Platalea leucorodia 
COLUMBIFORMES 
Columbidae Doves, pigeons 
 Caloenas nicobarica  
 Ducula mindorensis  
  Gallicolumba luzonica 
  Goura spp. 
   Nesoenas mayeri (Mauritius)
CORACIIFORMES 
Bucerotidae Hornbills 
  Aceros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Aceros nipalensis  
  Anorrhinus spp. 
  Anthracoceros spp. 
  Berenicornis spp. 
  Buceros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Buceros bicornis  
  Penelopides spp. 
 Rhinoplax vigil  
  Rhyticeros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Rhyticeros subruftcollis  
CUCULIFORMES 
Musophagidae Turacos 
  Tauraco spp. 
FALCONIFORMES Eagles, falcons, hawks, vultures 
  FALCONIFORMES spp. (Except Caracara lutosa and the species of the family Cathartidae, which are not included in the Appendices; and the species included in Appendices I and III) 
Accipitridae Hawks, eagles 
 Aquila adalberti  
 Aquila heliaca  
 Chondrohierax uncinatus witsonii  
 Haliaeetus albicilla  
 Harpia harpyja  
 Pithecophaga jefferyi  
Cathartidae New-world vultures 
 Gymnogyps Californianus  
   Sarcoramphus papa (Honduras)
 Vultur gryphus  
Falconidae Falcons 
 Falco araeus  
 Falco jugger  
 Falco newtoni (Only the population of Seychelles)  
 Falco pelegrinoides  
 Falco peregrinus  
 Falco punctatus  
 Falco rusticolus  
GALLIFORMES 
Cracidae Chachalacas, currassows, guans 
   Crax alberti (Colombia)
 Crax blumenbachii  
   Crax daubentoni (Colombia)
   Crax globulosa (Colombia)
   Crax rubra (Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras)
 Mitu mitu  
 Oreophasis derbianus  
   Ortalis vetula (Guatemala, Honduras)
   Pauxi pauxi (Colombia)
 Penelope albipennis  
   Penelope purpurascens (Honduras)
   Penelopina nigra (Guatemala)
 Pipile jacutinga  
 Pipile pipile  
Megapodiidae Megapodes, scrubfowl 
 Macrocephalon maleo  
Phasianidae Grouse, guineafowl. partridges, peafowl, pheasants, tragopans 
  Argusianus argus 
 Catreus wallichii  
 Colinus virginianus ridgwayi  
 Crossoptilon crossoptilon  
 Crossoptilon mantchuricum  
  Gallus sonneratii 
  Ithaginis cruentus 
 Lophophorus impejanus  
 Lophophorus lhuysii  
 Lophophorus sclateri  
 Lophura edwardsi  
   Lophura leucomelanos (Pakistan)
 Lophura swinhoii  
   Meleagris ocellata (Guatemala)
   Pavo cristatus (Pakistan)
  Pavo muticus 
  Polyplectron bicalcaratum 
  Polyplectron germaini 
  Polyplectron malacense 
 Polyplectron napoleonis  
  Polyplectron schleiermacheri 
   Pucrasia macrolopha (Pakistan)
 Rheinardia ocellata  
 Syrmaticus ellioti  
 Syrmaticus humiae  
 Syrmaticus mikado  
 Tetraogallus caspias  
 Tetraogallus tibetanus  
 Tragopan blythii  
 Tragopan caboti  
 Tragopan melanocephalus  
   Tragopan satyra (Nepal)
  Tympanuchus cupido attwateri 
GRUIFORMES 
Gruidae Cranes 
  Gruidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Grus americana  
 Grus canadensis nesiotes  
 Grus canadensis pulla  
 Grus japonensis  
 Grus leucogeranus  
 Grus monacha  
 Grus nigricollis  
 Grus vipio  
Otididae Bustards 
  Otididae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Ardeotis nigriceps  
 Chlamydotis macqueenii  
 Chlamydotis undulata  
 Houbaropsis bengalensis  
Rallidae Rails 
 Gallirallus sylvestris  
Rhynochetidae Kagu 
 Rhynochetos jubatus  
PASSERIFORMES 
Atrichornithidae Scrub-birds 
 Atrichornis clamosus  
Cotingidae Cotingas 
   Cephalopterus ornatus (Colombia)
   Cephalopterus penduliger (Colombia)
 Cotinga maculata  
  Rupicola spp. 
 Xipholena atropurpurea  
Emberizidae Cardinals, tanagers 
  Gubernatrix cristata 
  Paroaria capitata 
  Paroaria coronata 
  Tangara fastuosa 
Estrildidae Mannikins, waxbills 
  Amandava formosa 
  Lonchura oryzivora 
  Poephila cincta cincta 
Fringillidae Finches 
 Carduelis cucullata  
  Carduelis yarrellii 
Hirundinidae Martins 
 Pseudochelidon sirintarae  
Icteridae New-world blackbirds 
 Xanthopsar flavus  
Meliphagidae Honeyeaters 
  Lichenostomus melanops cassidix 
Muscicapidae Old-world flycatchers 
   Acrocephalus roderi canus (Mauritius)
  Cyornis ruckii 
 Dasyornis broadbenti litoralis  
 Dasyornis longirostris  
  Garrulax canorus 
  Garrulax taewanus 
  Leiothrix argentauris 
  Leiothrix lutea 
  Liocichla omeiensis 
 Picathartes gymnocephalus  
 Picathartes oreas  
   Terpsiphone bourbonnensis (Mauritius)
Paradisaeidae Birds of paradise 
  Paradisaeidae spp. 
Pittidae Pittas 
  Pitta guajana 
 Pitta gurneyi  
 Pitta kochi  
  Pitta nympha 
Pycnonotidae Bulbuls 
 Pycnonotus zeylanicus  
Sturnidae Mynas, starlings 
  Gracula religiosa 
 Leucopsar rothschildi  
Zosteropidae White-eyes 
 Zosterops albogularis  
PELECANIFORMES 
Fregatidae Frigatebirds 
 Fregata andrewsi  
Pelecanidae Pelicans 
 Pelecanus crispus  
Sulidae Gannets 
 Papasula abbotti  
PICIFORMES 
Capitonidae Barbets 
   Semnornis ramphastinus (Colombia)
Picidae Woodpeckers 
 Dryocopus javensis richardsi  
Ramphastidae Toucans 
   Baillonius bailloni (Argentina)
  Pteroglossus aracari 
   Pteroglossus castanotis (Argentina)
  Pteroglossus viridis 
   Ramphastos dicolorus (Argentina)
  Ramphastos sulfuratus 
  Ramphastos toco 
  Ramphastos tucanus 
  Ramphastos vitellinus 
   Selenidera maculirostris (Argentina)
PODICIPEDIFORMES 
Podicipedidae Grebes 
 Podifymbus gigas  
PROCELLARIIFORMES 
Diomedeidae Albatrosses 
 Phoebastria albatrus  
PSITTACIFORMES 
  PSITTACIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Agapornis roseicollis, Melopsittacus undulatus, Nymphicus hollandicus and Psittacula krameri, which are not included in the Appendices) 
Cacatuidae Cockatoos 
 Cacatua goffiniana  
 Cacatua haemtruropygia  
 Cacatua moluccensis  
 Cacatua sulphurea  
 Probosciger aterrimus  
Loriidae Lories, lorikeets 
 Eos histrio  
 Vini ultramarina  
Psittacidae Amazons, macaws, parakeets, parrots 
 Amazona arausiaca  
 Amazona auropalliata  
 Amazona barbadensis  
 Amazona brasiliensis  
 Amazona finschi   
 Amazona guildingii  
 Amazona imperials  
 Amazona leucocephala  
 Amazona oratrix  
 Amazona pretrei  
 Amazona rhodocorytha  
 Amazona tucumana  
 Amazona versicolor  
 Amazona vinacea  
 Amazona viridigenalis  
 Amazona vittata  
 Anodorhynchus spp.  
 Ara ambiguus  
 Ara glaucogularis  
 Ara macao  
 Ara nnlitaris  
 Ara rubrogenys  
 Cyanopsitta spixii  
 Cyanoramphus cookii  
 Cyanoramphus forbesi  
 Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae  
 Cyanoramphus saisseti  
 Cyclopsiita diophthalma coxeni  
 Eunymphicus cornutus  
 Guarouba guarouba  
 Neophema chrysogaster  
 Ognorhynchus icterotis  
 Pezoporus occidentalis  
 Pezoporus wallicus  
 Pionopsitta pileata  
 Primolius couloni  
 Primolius maracana  
 Psephotus chrysopterygius  
 Psephotus dissimilis  
 Psephotus pulcherrimus  
 Psittacula echo  
 Psittacus erithacus  
 Pyrrhura cruentata  
 Rhynchopsitta spp.  
 Strigops habroptilus  
RHEIFORMES 
Rheidae Rheas 
 Pterocnemia pennata (Except Pterocnemia pennata pennata which is included in Appendix II)  
  Pterocnemia pennata pennata 
  Rhea americana 
SPHENISCIFORMES 
Spheniscidae Penguins 
  Spheniscus demersus 
 Spheniscus humboldti  
STRIGIFORMES Owls 
  STRIGIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Sceloglaux albifacies) 
Strigidae Owls 
 Heteroglaux blewitti  
 Mimizuku gurneyi  
 Ninox natalis  
Tytonidae Barn owls 
 Tyto soumagnei  
STRUTHIONIFORMES 
Struthionidae Ostriches 
 Struthio camelus (Only the populations of Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and the Sudan; all other populations are not included in the Appendices)  
TINAMIFORMES 
Tinamidae Tinamous 
 Tinamus solitarius  
TROGONIFORMES 
Trogonidae Quetzals 
 Pharomachrus mocinno  
CLASS REPTILIA (REPTILES) 
CROCODYLIA Alligators, caimans, crocodiles 
  CROCODYLIA spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
Alligatoridae Alligators, caimans 
 Alligator sinensis  
 Caiman crocodilus apaporiensis  
 Caiman latirostris (Except the population of Argentina, which is included in Appendix II)  
 Melanosuchus niger (Except the population of Brazil, which is included in Appendix II, and the population of Ecuador, which is included in Appendix II and is subject to a zero annual export quota until an annual export quota has been approved by the CITES Secretariat and the IUCN/ SSC Crocodile Specialist Group)  
Crocodylidae Crocodiles 
 Crocodylus acutus (Except the population of the Integrated Management District of Mangroves of the Bay of Cispata, Tinajones, La Balsa and Surrounding Areas. Department of Córdoba, Colombia, and the population of Cuba, which are included in Appendix II)  
 Crocodylus cataphractus  
 Crocodylus intermedius  
 Crocodylus mindorensis  
 Crocodylus moreletii (Except the population of Belize, which is included in Appendix II with a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes, and the population of Mexico, which is included in Appendix II)  
 Crocodylus niloticus (Except the populations of Botswana, Egypt (subject to a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes), Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania (subject to an annual export quota of no more than 1,600 wild specimens including hunting trophies, in addition to ranched specimens), Zambia and Zimbabwe, which are included in Appendix II)  
 Crocodylus palustris  
 Crocodylus porosus (Except the populations of Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia (wild harvest restricted to the State of Sarawak and a zero quota for wild specimens for the other States of Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia), with no change in the zero quota unless approved by the Parties) and Papua New Guinea, which are included in Appendix II)  
 Crocodylus rhombifer  
 Crocodylus siamensis  
 Osteolaemus tetraspis  
 Tomistoma schlegelii  
Gavialidae Gavials 
 Gavialis gangeticus  
RHYNCHOCEPHALIA 
Sphenodontidae Tuataras 
 Sphenodon spp.  
SAURIA 
Agamidae Spiny-tailed lizards, agamas 
  Saara spp. 
  Uromastyx spp. 
Anguidae Alligator lizards 
  Abronia spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I (zero export quota for wild specimens for Abronia aurita, A. gaiophantasma, A. montecristoi, A. salvadorensis and A. vasconcelosii)) 
 Abronia anzuetoi  
 Abronia campbelli  
 Abronia fimbriata  
 Abronia frosti  
 Abronia meledona  
Chamaeleonidae Chameleons 
  Archaius spp. 
  Bradypodion spp. 
  Brookesia spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Brookesia perarmata  
  Calumma spp. 
  Chamaeleo spp. 
  Furcifer spp. 
  Kinyongia spp. 
  Nadzikambia spp. 
  Palleon spp. 
  Rhampholeon spp. 
  Rieppeleon spp. 
  Trioceros spp. 
Cordylidae Spiny-tailed lizards 
  Cordylus spp. 
  Hemicordylus spp. 
  Karusaurus spp. 
  Namazonurus spp. 
  Ninurta spp. 
  Ouroborus spp. 
  Pseudocordylus spp. 
  Smaug spp. 
Gekkonidae Geckos 
 Cnemaspis psychedelica  
   Dactylocnemis spp. (New Zealand)
   Hoplodactylus spp. (New Zealand)
 Lygodactytus williamsi  
   Mokopirirakau spp. (New Zealand)
  Nactus serpensinsula 
  Naultinus spp. 
  Paroedura masobe 
  Phelsuma spp. 
  Rhoptropella spp. 
   Toropuku spp. (New Zealand)
   Tukutuku spp. (New Zealand)
  Uroplatus spp. 
   woodworthia spp. (New Zealand)
Helodermatidae Beaded lizards, gila monsters 
  Heloderma spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) 
 Heloderma horridum charlesbogerti  
Iguanidae Iguanas 
  Amblyrhynchus cristatus 
 Brachylophus spp.  
  Conolophus spp. 
  Ctenosaura bakeri 
  Ctenosaura melanosterna 
  Ctenosaura oedirhina 
  Ctenosaura palearis 
 Cyclura spp.  
  Iguana spp. 
  Phrynosoma blainvillii 
  Phrynosoma cerroense 
  Phrynosoma coronatum 
  Phrynosoma wigginsi 
 Sauromalus varius  
Lacertidae Lizards 
 Gallotia simonyi  
  Podarcis lilfordi 
  Podarcis pityusensis 
Lanthanotidae Earless monitor lizards 
  Lanthanotidae spp. (Zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
Scincidae Skinks 
  Corucia zebrata 
Teiidae Caiman lizards, tegu lizards 
  Crocodilurus amazonicus 
  Dracaena spp. 
  Salvator spp. 
  Tupinambis spp. 
Varanidae Monitor lizards 
  Varanus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Varanus bengalensis  
 Varanus flavescens  
 Varanus griseus  
 Varanus komodoensis  
 Varanus nebulosus  
Xenosauridae Chinese crocodile lizard 
 Shinisaurus crocodilurus  
SERPENTES 
Boidae Boas 
  Boidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Acrantophis spp.  
 Boa constrictor occidentalis  
 Epicrates inornatus  
 Epicrates monensis  
 Epicrates subflavus  
 Sanzinia madagascariensis  
Bolyeriidae Round Island boas 
  Bolyeriidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Bolyeria multocarinata  
 Casarea dussumieri  
Colubridae Typical snakes, water snakes, whipsnakes 
   Atretium schistosum (India)
   Cerberus rynchops (India)
  Clelia clelia 
  Cyclagras gigas 
  Elachistodon westermanni 
  Ptyas mucosus 
   Xenochrophis piscator (India)
   Xenochrophis schnurrenbergeri (India)
   Xenochrophis tytleri (India)
Elapidae Cobras, coral snakes 
  Hoplocephalus bungaroides 
   Micrurus diastema (Honduras)
   Micrurus nigrocinctus (Honduras)
   Micrurus ruatanus (Honduras)
  Naga atra 
  Naga kaouthia 
  Naga mandalayensis 
  Naga naja 
  Naga oxiana 
  Naga philippinensis 
  Naga sagittifera 
  Naga samarensis 
  Naga siamensis 
  Naga sputatrix 
  Naga sumatrana 
  Ophiophagus hannah 
Loxocemidae Mexican dwarf boas 
  Loxocemidae spp. 
Pythonidae Pythons 
  Pythonidae spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) 
 Python molurus molurus  
Tropidophiidae Wood boas 
  Tropidophiidae spp. 
Viperidae Vipers 
  Atheris desaixi 
  Bitis worthingtoni 
   Crotalus durissus (Honduras)
   Daboia russelii (India)
  Trimeresurus mangshanensis 
 Vipera ursinii (Only the population of Europe, except the area which formerly constituted the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; these latter populations are not included in the Appendices)  
  Vipera wagneri 
TESTUDINES 
Carettochelyidae Pig-nosed turtles 
  Carettochelys insculpta 
Chelidae Austro-American sideneck turtles 
  Chelodina mccordi (Zero export quota for specimens from the wild) 
 Pseudemydura umbrina  
Cheloniidae Sea turtles 
 Cheloniidae spp.  
Chelydridae Snapping turtles 
   Chelydra serpentina (United States of America)
   Macrochelys temminckii (United States of America)
Dermatemydidae Central American river turtles 
  Dermatemys mawii 
Dermochetyidae Leatherback turtles 
 Dermochelys coriacea  
Emydidae Box turtles, freshwater turtles 
  Clemmys guttata 
  Emydoidea blandingii 
  Glyptemys insculpta 
 Glyptemys muhlenbergii  
   Graptemys spp. (United States of America)
  Malaclemys terrapin 
  Terrapene spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Terrapene coahuila  
Geoemydidae Box turtles, freshwater turtles 
 Batagur affinis  
 Batagur baska  
  Batagur borneoensis (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
  Batagur dhongoka 
  Batagur kachuga 
  Batagur trivittata (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
  Cuora spp. (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes for Cuora aurocapitata, C. bourreti, C. flavomarginata, C. galbinifrons, C. mccordi, C. mouhotii, C. pani, C. picturata, C. trifasciata, C. yunnanensis and C. zhoui) 
  Cyclemys spp. 
 Geoclemys hamiltonii  
  Geoemyda japonica 
  Geoemyda spengleri 
  Hardella thurjii 
  Heosemys annandalii (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
  Heosemys depressa (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
  Heosemys grandis 
  Heosemys spinosa 
  Leucocephalon yuwonoi 
  Malayemys macrocephala 
  Malayemys subtrijuga 
  Mauremys annamensis (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
   Mauremys iversoni (China)
  Mauremys japonica 
   Mauremys megalocephala (China)
  Mauremys mutica 
  Mauremys nigricans 
   Maureniys pritchardi (China)
   Maureniys reevesii (China)
   Mauremys sinensis (China)
 Melanochelys tricarinata  
  Melanochelys trijuga 
 Morenia ocellata  
  Morenia petersi 
  Notochelys platynota 
   Ocadia glyphistoma (China)
   Ocadia philippeni (China)
  Orlitia borneensis (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes) 
  Pangshura spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Pangshura tecta  
  Sacalia bealei 
   Sacalia pseudocellata (China)
  Sacalia quadriocellata 
  Siebenrockiella crassicollis 
  Siebenrockiella leytensis 
  Vijayachelys silvatica 
Platysternidae Big-headed turtles 
 Platystenidae spp.  
Podocnemididae Afro-American sideneck turtles 
  Erymnochelys madagascariensis 
  Peltocephalus dumerilianus 
  Podocnemis spp. 
Testudinidae Tortoises 
  Testudinidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I. A zero annual expoit quota has been established for Centrochelys sulcata for specimens removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes) 
 Astrochelys radiata  
 Astrochelys yniphora  
 Chelonoidis niger  
 Geochelone platynota  
 Gopherus flavomarginatus  
 Psammobates geometricus  
 Pyxis arachnoides  
 Pyxis planicauda  
 Testudo kleinmanni  
Trionychidae Softshell turtles 
  Amyda cartilaginea 
   Apalone ferox (United States of America)
   Apalone mutica (UnitedStates of America)
   Apalone spinifera (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I) (United States of America)
 Apalone spinifera atra  
  Chitra spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Chitra chitra  
 Chitra vandijki  
  Cyclanorbis etegans 
  Cyclanorbis senegalensis 
  Cycloderma aubryi 
  Cycloderma frenatum 
  Dogania subplana 
  Lissemys ceylonensis 
  Lissemys punctata 
  Lissemys scutata 
  Nilssonia formosa 
 Nilssonia gangetica  
 Nilssonia hurum  
  Nilssonia leithii 
 Nilssonia nigricans  
  Palea steindachneri 
  Pelochelys spp. 
  Pelodiscus axenaria 
  Pelodiscus maackii 
  Pelodiscus parviformis 
  Rafetus euphraticus 
  Rafetus swinhoei 
  Trionyx triunguis 
CLASS AMPHIBIA (AMPHIBIANS) 
ANURA 
Aromobatidae Cryptic forest frogs 
  Allobates femoralis 
  Allobates hodli 
  Allobates myersi 
  Allobates zaparo 
  Anomaloglossus rufulus 
Bufonidae Toads 
 Amietophrynus channingi  
 Amietophrynus superciliaris  
 Altiphrynoides spp.  
 Atelopus zeteki  
 Incilius periglenes  
 Nectophrynoides spp.  
 Nimbaphrynoides spp.  
Calyptocephalellidae Chilean toads 
   Calyptocephalella gayi (Chile)
Dendrobatidae Poison frogs 
  Adelphobates spp. 
  Ameerega spp. 
  Andinobates spp. 
  Dendrobates spp. 
  Epipedobates spp. 
  Excidobates spp. 
  Hyloxalus azureivenitris 
  Minyobates spp. 
  Oophaga spp. 
  Phyllobates spp. 
  Ranitomeya spp. 
Dicroglossidae Frogs 
  Euphlyctis hexadactylus 
  Hoplobatrachus tigerinus 
Hylidae Tree frogs 
  Agalychnis spp. 
Mantellidae Mantella frogs 
  Mantella spp. 
Microhylidae Tomato frogs 
  Dyscophus antongilii 
  Dyscophus guineti 
  Dyscophus insularis 
  Scaphiophryne boribory 
  Scaphiophryne gottlebei 
  Scaphiophryne marmorata 
  Scaphiophryne spinosa 
Myobatrachidae Gastric- brooding frogs 
  Rheobatrachus spp. (Except Rheobatrachus silus and Rheobatrachus vitellinus which are not included in the Appendices) 
Telmatobiidae Andean water frogs 
 Telmatobius culeus  
CAUDATA   
Ambystomatidae Axolotls, mole salamanders   
  Ambystoma dumerilii 
  Ambystoma mexicanum 
Cryptobranchidae Giant salamanders 
 Andrias spp.  
   Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (United States of America)
Hynobiidae Asiatic salamanders 
   Hynobius amjiensis (China)
Salamandridae Newts and salamanders 
 Neurergus kaiseri  
  Paramesotriton hongkongensis 
   Salamandra algira (Algeria)
CLASS ELASMOBRANCHII (SHARKS) 
CARCHARHINIFORMES 
Carcharhinidae Requiem sharks 
  Carcharhinus falciformis (entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 4 October 2017) 
  Carcharhinus longimanus 
Sphyrnidae Hammerhead sharks 
  Sphyrna lewini 
  Sphyrna mokarran 
  Sphyrna zygaena 
LAMNIFORMES 
Alopiidae Thresher sharks 
  Alopias spp. (entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 4 October 2017) 
Cetorhinidae Basking sharks 
  Cetorhinus maximus 
Lamnidae Mackerel sharks 
  Carcharodon carcharias 
  Lamna nasus 
MYLIOBATIFORMES 
Myliobatidae Eagle and mobulid rays 
  Manta spp. 
  Mobula spp. (entry into effect delayed by 6 months, i.e. until 4 April 2017) 
Potamotrygonidae Freshwater stingrays 
   Paratrygon aiereba (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon spp. (population of Brazil) (Brazil)
   Potamotrygon constellata (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon magdalenae (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon motoro (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon orbignyi (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon schroederi (Colombia)
   Potamotrygon scobina (Colombia)
   Potamotrygo yepezi (Colombia)
ORECTOLOBIFORMES 
Rhincodontidae Whale sharks 
  Rhincodon typus 
PRISTIFORMES 
Pristidae Sawfishes 
 Pristidae spp.  
CLASS ACTINOPTERI (FISHES) 
ACIPENSERIFORMES 
  ACIPENSERIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
Acipenseridae Sturgeons 
 Acipenser brevirostrum  
 Acipenser sturio  
ANGUILLEFORMES 
Anguillidae Freshwater eels 
  Anguilla anguilla 
CYPRINIFORMES 
Catostomidae Cui-ui 
 Chasmistes cujus  
Cyprinidae Carps 
  Caecobarbus geertsii 
 Probarbus jullieni  
OSTEOGLOSSIFORMES 
Arapaimidae Arapaimas 
  Arapaima gigas 
Osteoglossidae Bonytongue 
 Scleropages formosus  
 Scleropages inscriptus  
PERCIFORMES 
Labridae Wrasses 
  Cheilinus undulatus 
Pomacanthidae Angelfishes 
  Holacanthus clarionensis 
Sciaenidae Totoaba 
 Totoaba macdonaldi  
SELURIFORMES 
Pangasiidae Pangasid catfish 
 Pangasianodon gigas  
Loricariidae Armoured catfishes 
   Hypancistrus zebra (Brazil)
SYNGNATHIFORMES 
Syngnathidae Pipefishes, seahorses 
  Hippocampus spp. 
CLASS DIPNEUSTI (LUNGFISHES) 
CERATODONTIFORMES 
Neoceratodontidae Australian lungfishes 
  Neoceratodus forsteri 
CLASS COELACANTHI (COELACANTHS) 
COELACANTHIFORMES 
Latimeriidae Coelacanths 
 Latimeria spp.  
PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA CLASS HOLOTHUROIDEA (SEA CUCUMBERS) 
ASPIDOCHIROTIDA 
Stichopodidae Sea cucumbers 
   Isostichopus fuscus (Ecuador)
PHYLUM ARTHROPODA CLASS ARACHNIDA (SCORPIONS AND SPIDERS) 
ARANEAE 
Theraphosidae Red-kneed tarantulas, tarantulas 
  Aphonopelna albiceps 
  Aphonopelna pallidum 
  Brachypelma spp. 
SCORPIONES 
Scorpionidae Scorpions 
  Pandinus dictator 
  Pandinus gambiensis 
  Pandinus imperator 
  Pandinus roeseli 
CLASS INSECTA (INSECTS) 
COLEOPTERA 
Lucanidae Stag beetles 
   Colophon spp. (South Africa)
Scarabaeidae Scarab beetles 
  Dynastes satanas 
LEPIDOPTERA 
Nymphalidae Brush-footed butterflies 
   Agrias amydon boliviensis (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
   Morpho godartii lachaumei (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
   Prepona praeneste buckleyana (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
Papilionidae Birdwing butterflies, swallowtail butterflies 
  Atrophaneura jophon 
  Atrophaneura pandiyana 
  Bhutanitis spp. 
  Ornithoptera spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Ornithoptera alexandrae  
 Papilio chikae  
 Papilio homerus  
  Papilio hospiton 
  Parnassius apollo 
  Teinopalpus spp. 
  Trogonoptera spp. 
  Troides spp. 
PHYLUM ANNELIDA CLASS HIRUDINOIDEA (LEECHES) 
ARHYNCHOBDELLIDA 
Hirudinidae Medicinal leeches 
  Hirudo medicinalis 
  Hirudo verbana 
PHYLUM MOLLUSCA CLASS BIVALVIA (CLAMS AND MUSSELS) 
MYTILOIDA 
Mytilidae Marine mussels 
  Lithophaga lithophaga 
UNIONOIDA 
Unionidae Freshwater mussels, pearly mussels 
 Conradilla caelata  
  Cyprogenia aberti 
 Dromus dromas  
 Epioblasma curtisi  
 Epioblasma florentina  
 Epioblasma sampsonii  
 Epioblasma sulcata perobliqua  
 Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum  
  Epioblasma torulosa rangiana 
 Epioblasma torulosa torulosa  
 Epioblasma turgidula  
 Epioblasma walkeri  
 Fusconaia cuneolus  
 Fusconaia edgariana  
 Lampsilis higginsii  
 Lampsilis orbiculala orbiculata  
 Lampsilis satur  
 Lampsilis virescens  
 Plethobasus cicatricosus  
 Plethobasus cooperianus  
  Pleurobema clava 
 Pleurobema plenum  
 Potamilus capax  
 Quadrula intermedia  
 Quadrula sparsa  
 Toxolasma cylindrella  
 Unio nickliniana  
 Unio tampicoensis tecomatensis  
 Villosa trabalis  
VENEROIDA 
Tridacnidae Giant clams 
  Tridacnidae spp. 
CLASS CEPHALOPODA (SQUIDS, OCTOPUSES, CUTTLEFISH) 
NAUTILIDA 
Nautilidae Nautilus 
  Nautilidae spp. 
CLASS GASTROPODA (SNAILS AND CONCHES) 
MESOGASTROPODA 
Strombidae True conchs 
  Strombus gigas 
STYLOMMATOPHORA 
Achatinellidae Agate snails, oahu tree snails 
 Achatinella spp.  
Camaenidae Green tree snails 
  Papustyla pulcherrima 
Cepolidae Helicoid terrestrial snails 
 Polymita spp.  
PHYLUM CNIDARIA CLASS ANTHOZOA (CORALS AND SEA ANEMONES) 
ANTIPATHARIA Black corals 
  ANTIPATHARIA spp. 
GORGONACEAE 
Coralliidae Red and pink corals 
   Corallium elatius (China)
   Corallium japonicum (China)
   Corallium konjoi (China)
   Corallium secundum (China)
HELIOPORACEA 
Helioporidae Blue corals 
  Helioporidae spp. (Includes only the species Heliopora coerulea. Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
SCLERACTINIA Stony corals 
  SCLERACTINIA spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
STOLONIFERA 
Tubiporidae Organ-pipe corals 
  Tubiporidae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
CLASS HYDROZOA (SEA FERNS, FIRE CORALS AND STINGING MEDUSAE) 
MILLEPORINA 
Milleporidae Fire corals 
  Milleporidae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
STYLASTERINA 
Stylasteridae Lace corals 
  Stylasteridae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
[1]For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in fibre from vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) and their derivative products, only if the fibre comes from the shearing of live vicuñas. Trade in products derived from the fibre may only take place in accordance with the following provisions:
(a)Any person or entity processing vicuña fibre to manufacture cloth and garments must request authorization from the relevant authorities of the country of origin (Countries of origin: The countries where the species occurs, that is, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru) to use the “vicuña country of origin” wording, mark or logo adopted by the range States of the species that are signatories to the Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña.
(b)Marketed cloth or garments must be marked or identified in accordance with the following provisions:
(i)For international trade in cloth made from live-sheared vicuña fibre, whether the cloth was produced within or outside of the range States of the species, the wording, mark or logo must be used so that the country of origin can be identified The VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN) wording, mark or logo has the format as detailed below:This wording, mark or logo must appear on the reverse side of the cloth. In addition, the selvages of the cloth must bear the words VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN).
(ii)For international trade in garments made from live-sheared vicuna fibre, whether the garments were produced within or outside of the range States of the species, the wording, mark or logo indicated in paragraph b) i) must be used. This wording, mark or logo must appear on a label on the garment itself. If the garments are produced outside of the country of origin, the name of the country where the garment was produced should also be indicated, in addition to the wording, mark or logo referred to in paragraph b) i).
(c)For international trade in handicraft products made from live-sheared vicuna fibre produced within the range States of the species, the VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN) - ARTESANÍA wording, mark or logo must be used as detailed below:
(d)If live-sheared vicuna fibre from various countries of origin is used for the production of cloth and garments, the wording, mark or logo of each of the countries of origin of the fibre must be indicated, as detailed in paragraphs b) i) and ii).
(e)All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species listed in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly
[2]Populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (listed in Appendix II):For the exclusive purpose of allowing:
(a)trade in hunting trophies for non-commercial purposes;
(b)trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations, as defined in Resolution Conf. 11.20 (Rev. CoP17), for Botswana and Zimbabwe and for in situ conservation programmes for Namibia and South Africa;
(c)trade in hides;
(d)trade in hair;
(e)trade in leather goods for commercial or non-commercial purposes for Botswana, Namibia and South Africa and for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe;
(f)trade in individually marked and certified ekipas incorporated in finished jewellery for non-commercial purposes for Namibia and ivory carvings for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe;
(g)trade in registered raw ivory (for Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, whole tusks and pieces) subject to the following:
(i)only registered government-owned stocks, originating in the State (excluding seized ivory and ivory of unknown origin);
(ii)only to trading partners that have been verified by the Secretariat, in consultation with the Standing Committee, to have sufficient national legislation and domestic trade controls to ensure that the imported ivory will not be re-exported and will be managed in accordance with all requirements of Resolution Conf. 10.10 (Rev. CoP17) concerning domestic manufacturing and trade;
(iii)not before the Secretariat has verified the prospective importing countries and the registered government-owned stocks;
(iv)raw ivory pursuant to the conditional sale of registered government-owned ivory stocks agreed at CoP12, which are 20,000 kg (Botswana), 10,000 kg (Namibia) and 30,000 kg (South Africa);
(v)in addition to the quantities agreed at CoP12, government-owned ivory from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe registered by 31 January 2007 and verified by the Secretariat may be traded and despatched, with the ivory in paragraph g) iv) above, in a single sale per destination under strict supervision of the Secretariat;
(vi)the proceeds of the trade are used exclusively for elephant conservation and community conservation and development programmes within or adjacent to the elephant range; and
(vii)the additional quantities specified in paragraph g) v) above shall be traded only after the Standing Committee has agreed that the above conditions have been met; and
(h)no further proposals to allow trade in elephant ivory from populations already in Appendix II shall be submitted to the Conference of the Parties for the period from CoP14 and ending nine years from the date of the single sale of ivory that is to take place in accordance with provisions in paragraphs g) i), g) ii), g) iii), g) vi) and g) vii). In addition such further proposals shall be dealt with in accordance with Decisions 16.55 and 14.78 (Rev. CoP16). On a proposal from the Secretariat, the Standing Committee can decide to cause this trade to cease partially or completely in the event of non-compliance by exporting or importing countries, or in the case of proven detrimental impacts of the trade on other elephant populations. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly.
 Appendices
IIIIII
FLORA (PLANTS) 
AGAVACEAE Agaves 
 Agave parviflora  
  Agave victoriaereginae [#4] 
  Nolina interrata 
  Yucca queretaroensis 
AMARYLLIDACEAE Snowdrops, sternbergias 
  Galanthus spp. [#4] 
  Sternbergia spp. [#4] 
ANACARDIACEAE Cashews 
  Operculicarya decaryi 
  Operculicarya hyphaenoides 
  Operculicarya pachypus 
APOCYNACEAE Elephant trunks, hoodias 
  Hoodia spp. [#9] 
  Pachypodium spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Pachypodium ambongense  
 Pachypodium baronii  
 Pachypodium decaryi  
  Rauvolfta serpentina [#2] 
ARALIACEAE Ginseng 
  Panax ginseng [#3] (Only the population of the Russian Federation; no other population is included in the Appendices) 
  Panax quinquefolius [#3] 
ARAUCARIACEAE Monkey-puzzle trees 
 Araucaria araucana  
ASPARAGACEAE Includes ponytail palms 
  Beaucarnea spp. 
BERBERIDACEAE May-apple 
  Podophyllum hexandrum [#2] 
BROMELIACEAE Air plants, bromelias 
  Tillandsia harrisii [#4] 
  Tillandsia kammii [#4] 
  Tillandsia xerographica [#4] 
CACTACEAE Cacti 
  CACTACEAE spp. [9] [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I and except Pereskia spp., Pereskiopsis spp. and Quiabentia spp.) 
 Ariocarpus spp.  
 Astrophytum asterias  
 Aztekium ritteri  
 Coryphantha werdermannii  
 Discocactus spp.  
 Echinocereus ferreirianus ssp. lindsayi  
 Echinocereus schmollii  
 Escobaria minima  
 Escobaria sneedii  
 Mammillaria pectinifera (includes spp. solisioides)  
 Melocactus conoideus  
 Melocactus deinacanthus  
 Melocactus glaucescens  
 Melocactus paucispinus  
 Obregonia denegrii  
 Pachycereus militaris  
 Pediocactus bradyi  
 Pediocactus knowltonii  
 Pediocactus paradinei  
 Pediocactus peeblesianus  
 Pediocactus sileri  
 Pelecyphora spp.  
 Sclerocactus blainei  
 Sclerocactus brevihamatus ssp. tobuschii  
 Sclerocactus brevispinus  
 Sclerocactus cloverae  
 Sclerocactus erectocentrus  
 Sclerocactus glaucus  
 Sclerocactus mariposensis  
 Sclerocactus masaeverdae  
 Sclerocactus nyensis  
 Sclerocactus papyracanthus  
 Sclerocactus pubispinus  
 Sclerocactus sileri  
 Sclerocactus wetlandicus  
 Sclerocactus wrightiae  
 Strombocactus spp.  
 Turbinicarpus spp.  
 Uebelmannia spp.  
CARYOCARACEAE Ajo 
  Caryocar costaricense [#4] 
COMPOSITAE (Asteraceae) Kuth 
 Saussurea costus  
CUCURBITACEAE Melons, gourds, cucurbits 
  Zygosicyos pubescens 
  Zygosicyos tripartitus 
CUPRESSACEAE Alerce, cypresses 
 Fitzroya cupressoides  
 Pilgerodendron uviferum  
CYATHEACEAE Tree-ferns 
  Cyathea spp. [#4] 
CYCADACEAE Cycads 
  CYCADACEAE spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I) 
 Cycas beddomei  
DICKSONIACEAE Tree-ferns 
  Cibotium barometz [#4] 
  Dicksonia spp. [#4] (Only the populations of the Americas; no other population is included in the Appendices) 
DIDIEREACEAE Alluaudias, didiereas 
  DIDIEREACEAE spp. [#4] 
DIOSCOREACEAE Elephant’s foot, kniss 
  Dioscorea deltoidea [#4] 
DROSERACEAE Venus’ flytrap 
  Dionaea muscipula [#4] 
EBENACEAE Ebonies 
  Diospyrosspp. [#5] (Populations of Madagascar) 
EUPHORBIACEAE Spurges 
  Euphorbia spp. [#4] (Succulent species only except Euphorbia misera and the species included in Appendix I. Artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Euphorbia trigona, artificially propagated specimens of crested, fan-shaped or colour mutants of Euphorbia lactea, when grafted on artificially propagated root stock of Euphorbia neriifolia, and artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Euphorbia ‘Milii’ when they are traded in shipments of 100 or more plants and readily recognizable as artificially propagated specimens, are not subject to the provisions of the Convention) 
 Euphorbia ambovombensis  
 Euphorbia capsaintemariensis  
 Euphorbia cremersii (Includes the forma viridifolia and the var. rakotozafyi)  
 Euphorbia cylindrifolia (Includes the ssp. tuberifera)  
 Euphorbia decaryi (Includes the vars. ampanihyensis, robinsonii and spirosticha)  
 Euphorbia francoisii  
 Euphorbia moratii (Includes the vars. antsingiensis, bemarahensis and multiflora)