Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 (Act 9 of 2008)

Government Gazette no. 4190
This is the latest version of this legislation.
Coat of Arms

Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008

Act 9 of 2008

  1. [Amended by Amendment of Schedule 3: Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 (Government Notice 94 of 2017) on 24 April 2017]
  2. [Amended by Amendment of Schedule 3: Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 (Government Notice 122 of 2020) on 29 May 2020]
ACTTo provide for the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; and to provide for incidental matters.

1. Definitions and interpretation

(1)In this Act unless the context indicates otherwise any word to which a meaning has been assigned by the Convention bears that meaning, and -Appendix” means the relevant appendix to the Convention;controlled wildlife product” means any animal or plant (or any portion thereof), as well as any product or substance derived from any plant or animal as set out in Schedule 1;Convention” means the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, signed at Washington on 3 March, 1973, as amended in Bonn on 22 June 1979 and acceded to by Namibia on 18 December 1990, the text of which is set out in Schedule 2;deal in” means sell, buy, offer or expose for sale or purchase, barter or offer as valuable consideration;Minister” means the Minister responsible for environment;Ministry” means the Ministry of Environment and Tourism;staff member” means a staff member as defined in section 1 of the Public Service Act, 1995 (Act No. 13 of 1995);this Act” includes the Convention as well as regulations made under section 9;
(2)Any reference to “Article”, and “Appendix” is construed to be a reference to that Article or Appendix of the Convention.
(3)Any provision of this Act is construed with reference to the Convention and any provision of the Convention is deemed to be part of this Act and for that purpose -(a)the Management Authority for Namibia is the Minister;(b)the Scientific Authority for Namibia is the technical committee established by section 3;(c)a species is deemed to be included in an Appendix only if it appears in the relevant column of Schedule 3 and also subject to such further qualifications as set out in the relevant entry or such further notes as may appear in that Schedule.

2. Relation with other laws

The prohibition of any action, the prohibition of the possession of any thing or the requirement for a permit or certificate to do anything or to possess anything are in addition to any prohibition or requirement contained in any other law.

3. Technical committee

(1)A technical committee that must perform the duties and which has the powers assigned to the Scientific Authority by the Convention is hereby established.
(2)The technical committee consists of -(a)two staff members from the Ministry;(b)one staff member whose duties relate to veterinary services;(c)one staff member whose duties relate to botanical research;(d)one staff member from the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources;(e)one staff member whose duties relate to the National Museum.
(3)The Minister must appoint the members of the technical committee on the recommendation of the Minister responsible for the ministry, office or agency where the relevant staff member is employed.
(4)The members of the technical committee must be appointed for a period of three years and may be reappointed on the expiry of that period.
(5)A member of the committee ceases to hold office if he or she ceases to be a staff member as contemplated in subsection (2).
(6)The Minister may remove a member of the committee, if in his or her opinion -(a)the organisation of the public service has changed in such a manner or the person in question has been appointed in another post that has the effect that the appointment of the person on the committee concerned is no longer appropriate;(b)the person concerned is for any other reason unable to effectively fulfil his or her duties as a member of the committee.
(7)If a position on the committee becomes vacant as contemplated in subsection (5) or (6), the Minister may appoint a member to fill the vacant position and the new member holds the position for the unexpired portion of the term of office of the member in whose position he or she has been appointed.
(8)A quorum at a meeting of the committee is four members.
(9)The Minister must appoint one of the members of the committee as the chairperson.
(10)The chairperson must preside at a meeting of the committee.
(11)If the chairperson is not present at a meeting of the committee, the members must elect one of them to preside at that meeting.
(12)Any decision of the committee is taken by a majority of the members present at a meeting of the committee, and in the case of an equality of votes, the person who presides at such a meeting has a casting vote as well as his or her deliberative vote.
(13)The committee must meet at least once a year.
(14)The committee must meet at such times and places as the committee has determined or in the absence of such determination as the chairperson or the Minister has determined.
(15)The Minister may at any time call a meeting of the committee.
(16)No decision of the committee is invalid only because there was a vacancy on the committee or because a person participated in the deliberations of the committee or voted while such person was not entitle to participate or vote if there was a quorum at the meeting concerned and a majority of the members present voted in favour of the decision in question.
(17)Subject to the provisions of this Act, the committee may determine its own procedure.

4. Possession of and dealing with controlled wildlife products

(1)Any person who -(a)possesses any controlled wildlife product the possession of which is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;(b)deals in any controlled wildlife product if the dealing therein is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;(c)manufactures anything from a controlled wildlife product if such manufacture is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1;(d)imports any controlled wildlife product if the import thereof is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1; or(e)exports any controlled wildlife product if the export thereof is unlawful in terms of Schedule 1,commits an offence unless he or she has been issued with a permit contemplated in subsection (3) authorising the act in question and unless he or she complies with the conditions specified in the permit.
(2)A person who has contravened subsection (1) is -(a)if he or she has only possessed the product as contemplated in subsection (1)(a), on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$20 000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding five years or to both such fine and such imprisonment;(b)if he or she has performed any action referred to in subsection (1)(b), (1)(c), (1)(d) or (1)(e), on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$200 000 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 20 years or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
(3)The Minister may issue a permit in the form determined by him or her authorising any action in respect of a controlled wildlife product.
(4)The Minister may specify any class of action or class of product for which the permit in question is issued.
(5)The Minister may impose such conditions as he or she considers necessary in order to achieve the objects of this Act when issuing a permit in terms of subsection (3), which conditions may include -(a)requirements relating to the keeping of records;(b)requirements relating to the marking of specific specimens or any requirements that will facilitate the identification of specific specimens;(c)requirements relating to the registration of specific specimens.
(6)The class of controlled wildlife products for which the permit is issued, the conditions subject to which the permit is issued, the period for which and the actions authorised by the permit, must be indicated on the permit in question.

5. Acts prohibited by Convention

(1)No person may -(a)import;(b)export;(c)re-export; or(d)introduce from the sea,whether to or from Namibia, in contravention of Article III, Article IV or Article V any specimen contemplated in those Articles, unless the certificates and permits contemplated in those Articles have been obtained or unless the actions concerned are exempt from the obtaining of such certificates or permits.
(2)Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$200 000 or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 20 years or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
(3)The court convicting a person of a contravention of subsection (1) may impose an additional fine or make a compensation order in favour of the State as authorised by laws relating to criminal procedure to compensate the State for -(a)all costs relating to the care or medical treatment of live specimens and the disposal thereof, whether incurred before the order or thereafter;(b)all costs relating to the return of any specimen (whether alive or dead) to its country of origin;(c)an amount equivalent to all costs incurred to restore a population of wildlife harmed through unlawful removal from the wild by the person convicted or commensurate with the impact of unlawful removal by the person convicted:Provided that any costs referred to in paragraph (a) and (b) may also be recovered by civil suit from any person convicted of an offence relating to the specimen concerned, or from whom such specimen has been seized.

6. Inspectors

(1)The Minister may appoint any staff member in the Ministry to be an inspector.
(2)An inspector must be issued with a certificate of appointment signed by the Minister and he or she must on request produce such certificate when exercising any power under this Act.
(3)A customs officer, police officer or nature conservator may exercise any power conferred upon an inspector by this Act, in addition to any other powers vesting in such offcer by any other law.[The word “officer” is misspelt in the Government Gazette in itssecond use in subsection (3), as reproduced above.]
(4)For the purposes of subsection (3) “customs officer” means an officer as defined in section 1 of the Customs and Excise Act, 1998 (Act No. 20 of 1998), “police officer” means a member of a police force established under any law, and “nature conservator” has the meaning assigned thereto by the Nature Conservation Ordinance, 1975 (Ordinance No. 4 of 1975).

7. Powers of inspectors

(1)An inspector may request any person who in his or her opinion possesses anything in respect of which a permit or certificate is required -(a)to make such thing available for inspection;(b)to produce the relevant permit or certificate.
(2)An inspector may examine any consignment which he or she reasonably suspects of containing any specimen of a species referred to in Schedule 3 or any controlled wildlife product.
(3)An inspector may search any premises that is not used as a private dwelling in order to determine whether any provision of this Act has been or is being contravened.
(4)An inspector may request a police officer to accompany him or her while he or she is investigating any matter relating to this Act and the police officer may exercise any power vesting in that police officer in the presence of the inspector concerned: Provided that a police officer may not search a person of a different gender from the inspector concerned in the presence of that inspector.
(5)An inspector may request a veterinarian to examine any live animal to determine any question relevant for the exercise of a discretion under this Act.
(6)An inspector may -(a)seize any specimen if the person in possession thereof does not produce the permit or certificate required by this Act in respect of that specimen;(b)seize anything used for, or in relation with the commission of any offence under this Act which includes a vehicle, firearm, trap, container, cage or other equipment associated with the hunting, transport, capturing, collecting, keeping, processing or manufacturing of the specimen concerned;(c)seize anything that may afford evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act;(d)take such samples from any specimen or anything relating to such specimen that may be relevant for the determination of a question relevant for the exercise of a discretion under this Act, or that may afford evidence for the commission of an offence under this Act;(e)examine any book, record, or document, as well as any computer system in which he or she reasonably believes anything relevant to an offence or duty contemplated in this Act is stored;(f)instruct any person to afford such assistance as is reasonably required to interpret or extract relevant information from such book, record, document or computer system;(g)put any question to any person that in the opinion of the inspector is necessary in order to exercise any discretion conferred by this Act or to clarify any matter in any record or book or with relation to any specimen.
(7)When an inspector seizes anything in terms of this Act, he or she must issue a receipt for such item.
(8)Any person who -(a)hinders or obstructs an inspector from exercising any power under this Act;(b)refuses or fails to comply with any request made by an inspector under this Act without a reasonable excuse; or(c)without a reasonable excuse, fails or refuses to answer a question put by an inspector under this Act,commits an offence and is on conviction liable to a fine not exceeding N$4 000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year or to both such fine and such imprisonment.

8. Forfeiture

(1)Subject to subsection (2) the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977 (Act No. 51 of 1977), relating to the seizure and the forfeiting to the State of a thing relating to an offence, by a police officer or peace officer including provisions relating to the forfeiture, handling and storage of anything seized under that Act, as well as the provisions relating to rights of third parties when anything is declared forfeited, is applicable to anything seized under this Act and a reference in that Act to a peace officer or police officer is construed as a reference to an inspector.
(2)If the thing seized is a living plant or animal, the inspector may return such animal to its country of origin or release that plant or animal in an appropriate place in Namibia or deal therewith in any manner conducive to the well-being thereof, regardless of any rights in that thing that has not been conclusively determined but this subsection does not affect a claim of compensation for an unlawful seizure or disposal.
(3)Anything forfeited to the State as contemplated in this section must, if circumstances permit -(a)be returned to the country of export or origin of the specimen as appropriate and any cost incurred in relation thereto may be recovered from any person convicted of an offence under this Act if the offence relates to the specimen concerned;(b)be deposited in an appropriate institution, collection or museum or otherwise disposed of in a manner that benefits conservation.

9. Regulations

(1)The Minister may make regulations -(a)prescribing the forms on which application must be made for permits or certificates required by this Act;(b)prescribing the procedures with which an applicant for a permit or certificate must comply;(c)prescribing any matter relating to the packaging of any specimen;(d)prescribing requirements with which persons who keep live specimens must comply in order to promote the well-being of the specimen concerned;(e)prescribing any procedure that must be followed when any animal, plant or any part thereof or specimen thereof is imported, exported or introduced from the sea;(f)prescribing that any person who possesses, deals in, manufactures, imports or exports any controlled wildlife product or specimen (whether that person requires a permit or not) must keep records in the prescribed form and manner;(g)prescribing the manner that a prescribed class of specimens may or must be marked, prohibiting the tampering with or the performance of any action with respect to such mark and prescribing any other matter relating to such mark;(h)prescribing fees for the issuing of permits, registration or other administrative actions connected with the implementation of this Act;(i)prescribing any matter that is necessary or expedient to prescribe in order to achieve the objects of this Act;
(2)Regulations made under subsection (1) may create offences with a penalty that does not exceed a fine of N$8 000 or two years imprisonment or both such fine and such imprisonment.

10. Delegation of powers

(1)Any power -(a)vesting in the Minister (except the power to make regulations);(b)vesting in the committee,may be delegated to any staff member in the Ministry.
(2)When a power is delegated under this section, the authority that delegates the power concerned, may delegate any class of the powers vesting in that authority under such conditions as may be expedient.
(3)When powers are delegated under this section, the authority that delegates such powers, may issue directives circumscribing any issue with relation to the exercise of that power as may appear expedient.
(4)A delegation in terms of this section may at any time be withdrawn or amended.
(5)The committee may assign the research of any technical question to any person (whether a member or not) under such conditions as may be agreed with that person.
(6)A person to whom the research of a technical matter has been assigned as contemplated in subsection (5), must prepare a report on the research conducted to be submitted to the committee.
(7)If the committee adopts the report referred to in subsection (6), it is deemed that the committee has conducted the research in question.

11. Amendment of Schedules

(1)Whenever Appendices I, II or III is amended, the Minister must by notice in the Gazette amend Schedule 3 accordingly.[To be grammatically correct, subsection (1) should read “Whenever Appendix I, II or III is amended…”.]
(2)For the purpose of criminal liability or the seizure or forfeiture of any article, an amendment to Schedule 3 takes effect on the date when the notice is published as contemplated in subsection (1) or on a later date specified in that notice.
(3)The Minister may amend Schedule 1 by notice in the Gazette.
(4)When the Minister amends Schedule 1, the Minister may specify in respect of any animal, plant, part, product or substance that -(a)the possession thereof is unlawful;(b)dealing therein is unlawful;(c)the import thereof is unlawful;(d)the export thereof is unlawful,or that more than one of these actions are unlawful.
(5)When controlled wildlife products are specified as contemplated in this section, the Minister may distinguish between -(a)different species, varieties or populations of plants or animals;(b)the country or region from which the animal or plant originates;(c)the product or substance for which the act in question is specified;(d)the process used when the animal or plant has been caught or collected or the process used in extracting or manufacturing the product or substance; or(e)any other criterion that is relevant for the achievement of the objects of this Act.
(6)When the Minister amends Schedule 1, any act referred to in subsection (4), may be made conditional upon the compliance with any formalities relating to the registration, marking or any other action that will facilitate the identification of any specific specimen.

12. Jurisdiction of magistrate’s court

Despite any provision of any other law, a magistrate’s court has the power to impose any sentence or make any order in respect of an offence under this Act.

13. Repeal of laws and transitional provisions

(1)The Controlled Game Products Proclamation, 1980 (Proclamation AG. 42 of 1980), is repealed.
(2)Any person who has possessed anything lawfully before this Act comes into operation or before Schedule 1 or 3 is amended in such a manner that the person concerned would require a permit after such amendment, must apply for a permit authorising such possession within six months from such commencement or amendment.
(3)The provisions of subsection (2) apply to a person who is the holder of a permit issued in terms of the law repealed by subsection (1).
(4)If a person contemplated in subsection (2) or (3) has failed to apply within the period provided for in subsection (2), the possession in question is deemed to be possession without a permit as contemplated in section 4(1).

14. Short title and commencement

This Act is called the Controlled Wildlife Products and Trade Act, 2008 and comes into operation on a date determined by the Minister by notice in the Gazette.

Schedule 1

CONTROLLED WILDLIFE PRODUCTS

(Section 1)

1. Subject to paragraph 2 and 3 no person may possess, manufacture any object from, deal in, import into, or export from Namibia any tusk, horn, head, ear, trunk, skin, tail or foot or any part thereof, of any elephant or rhinoceros, or any part of any species or other specimen mentioned in Appendix I unless the action in question is authorised by a permit.2. Paragraph 1 does not apply to the possession of up to five items of worked ivory with a total weight of less than 1 kg for personal use only.3. Paragraph 1 does not apply to omakipa or other ivory carvings that are possessed or transferred in accordance with the customary law or the long-standing customs of any group of people indigenous to Namibia.4. Paragraph 1 does not authorise the sale of the items referred to in that paragraph to any person who does not possess that item in accordance with such customary law or custom.5. Subject to paragraph 7, no person may possess, deal in, import or export to or from Namibia any live mammal of the order carnivora, without a permit authorising the action in question.6. Subject to paragraph 7, no person may import or export to or from Namibia any specimen derived from a mammal of the order carnivora without a permit authorising the action in question.7. Paragraph 5 and 6 do not apply to any domesticated form of mammal of the order carnivora.

Schedule 2

[The official text of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and its Appendices can be found on the website of the official depository, which is the Swiss government:][<www.eda.admin.ch/eda/fr/dfae/politique-exterieure/droit-international-p…;.][This links to the front page for the Convention, which is presented only in French. To find the original text of the Convention and the original Appendices in English, scroll to the heading heading "Texte original de la Convention" and click on "anglais" for the main text and "annexes (en)" for the appendices.]

TEXT OF CONVENTION

(Section 1)

The Contracting States,Recognizing that wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come;Conscious of the ever-growing value of wild fauna and flora from aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational and economic points of view;Recognizing that peoples and States are and should be the best protectors of their own wild fauna and flora;Recognizing, in addition, that international co-operation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation through international trade; Convinced of the urgency of taking appropriate measures to this end; Have agreed as follows:[The paragraph above is reproduced as it appears in the Government Gazette. It is formatted differently in the official text of the Convention.]

Article I – Definitions

For the purpose of the present Convention, unless the context otherwise requires:(a)“Species” means any species, subspecies, or geographically separate population thereof;(b)“Specimen” means:(i)any animal or plant, whether alive or dead;(ii)in the case of an animal: for species included in Appendices I and II, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendix III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendix III in relation to the species; and(iii)in the case of a plant: for species included in Appendix I, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof; and for species included in Appendices II and III, any readily recognizable part or derivative thereof specified in Appendices II and III in relation to the species;(c)“Trade” means export, re-export, import and introduction from the sea;(d)“Re-export” means export of any specimen that has previously been imported;(e)“Introduction from the sea” means transportation into a State of specimens of any species which were taken in the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State;(f)“Scientific Authority” means a national scientific authority designated in accordance with Article IX;(g)“Management Authority” means a national management authority designated in accordance with Article IX;(h)“Party” means a State for which the present Convention has entered into force.

Article II – Fundamental Principles

1. Appendix I shall include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade. Trade in specimens of these species must be subject to particularly strict regulation in order not to endanger further their survival and must only be authorized in exceptional circumstances.2. Appendix II shall include:(a)all species which although not necessarily now threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival; and(b)other species which must be subject to regulation in order that trade in specimens of certain species referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph may be brought under effective control.3. Appendix III shall include all species which any Party identifies as being subject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose of preventing or restricting exploitation, and as needing the co-operation of other Parties in the control of trade.4. The Parties shall not allow trade in specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III except in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention.

Article III – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix I

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix I shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora;(c)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and(d)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for the specimen.3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of an import permit and either an export permit or a re-export certificate. An import permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of import has advised that the import will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species involved;(b)a Scientific Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and(c)a Management Authority of the State of import is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.4. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention;(b)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment; and(c)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that an import permit has been granted for any living specimen.5. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction. Acertificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved;(b)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the proposed recipient of a living specimen is suitably equipped to house and care for it; and(c)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that the specimen is not to be used for primarily commercial purposes.

Article IV – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix II

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species;(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and(c)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.3. A Scientific Authority in each Party shall monitor both the export permits granted by that State for specimens of species included in Appendix II and the actual exports of such specimens. Whenever a Scientific Authority determines that the export of specimens of any such species should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in Appendix I, the Scientific Authority shall advise the appropriate Management Authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of that species.4. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior presentation of either an export permit or a re-export certificate.5. The re-export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant and presentation of a re-export certificate. A re-export certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that the specimen was imported into that State in accordance with the provisions of the present Convention; and(b)a Management Authority of the State of re-export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.6. The introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II shall require the prior grant of a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction. A certificate shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved; and(b)a Management Authority of the State of introduction is satisfied that any living specimen will be so handled as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.7. Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article may be granted on the advice of a Scientific Authority, in consultation with other national scientific authorities or, when appropriate, international scientific authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year for total numbers of specimens to be introduced in such periods.

Article V – Regulation of Trade in Specimens of Species Included in Appendix III

1. All trade in specimens of species included in Appendix III shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. The export of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III from any State which has included that species in Appendix III shall require the prior grant and presentation of an export permit. An export permit shall only be granted when the following conditions have been met:(a)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that the specimen was not obtained in contravention of the laws of that State for the protection of fauna and flora; and(b)a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any living specimen will be so prepared and shipped as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.3. The import of any specimen of a species included in Appendix III shall require, except in circumstances to which paragraph 4 of this Article applies, the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from a State which has included that species in Appendix III, an export permit.4. In the case of re-export, a certificate granted by the Management Authority of the State of re-export that the specimen was processed in that State or is being re-exported shall be accepted by the State of import as evidence that the provisions of the present Convention have been complied with in respect of the specimen concerned.

Article VI – Permits and Certificates

1. Permits and certificates granted under the provisions of Articles III, IV, and V shall be in accordance with the provisions of this Article.2. An export permit shall contain the information specified in the model set forth in Appendix IV, and may only be used for export within a period of six months from the date on which it was granted.3. Each permit or certificate shall contain the title of the present Convention, the name and any identifying stamp of the Management Authority granting it and a control number assigned by the Management Authority.4. Any copies of a permit or certificate issued by a Management Authority shall be clearly marked as copies only and no such copy may be used in place of the original, except to the extent endorsed thereon.5. A separate permit or certificate shall be required for each consignment of specimens.6. A Management Authority of the State of import of any specimen shall cancel and retain the export permit or re-export certificate and any corresponding import permit presented in respect of the import of that specimen.7. Where appropriate and feasible a Management Authority may affix a mark upon any specimen to assist in identifying the specimen. For these purposes “mark” means any indelible imprint, lead seal or other suitable means of identifying a specimen, designed in such a way as to render its imitation by unauthorized persons as diffcult as possible.[The word “difficult” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.]

Article VII – Exemptions and Other Special Provisions Relating to Trade

1. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the transit or transhipment of specimens through or in the territory of a Party while the specimens remain in Customs control.2. Where a Management Authority of the State of export or re-export is satisfied that a specimen was acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to that specimen, the provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to that specimen where the Management Authority issues a certificate to that effect.3. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to specimens that are personal or household effects. This exemption shall not apply where:(a)in the case of specimens of a species included in Appendix I, they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence, and are being imported into that State; or(b)in the case of specimens of species included in Appendix II:(i)they were acquired by the owner outside his State of usual residence and in a State where removal from the wild occurred;(ii)they are being imported into the owner’s State of usual residence; and(iii)the State where removal from the wild occurred requires the prior grant of export permits before any export of such specimens; unless a Management Authority is satisfied that the specimens were acquired before the provisions of the present Convention applied to such specimens.4. Specimens of an animal species included in Appendix I bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in Appendix I artificially propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix II.5. Where a Management Authority of the State of export is satisfied that any specimen of an animal species was bred in captivity or any specimen of a plant species was artificially propagated, or is a part of such an animal or plant or was derived there from, a certificate by that Management Authority to that effect shall be accepted in lieu of any of the permits or certificates required under the provisions of Article III, IV or V. VII6 VII6[The word “therefrom” should be written as one word. The numerals “VIII6 VIII6” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.)6. The provisions of Articles III, IV and V shall not apply to the non- commercial loan, donation or exchange between scientists or scientific institutions registered by a Management Authority of their State, of herbarium specimens, other preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens, and live plant materials which carry a label issued or approved by a Management Authority.[The term “live plant material” is singular in the official text of the Convention.]7. A Management Authority of any State may waive the requirements of Articles III, IV and V and allow the movement without permits or certificates of specimens which form part of a travelling zoo, circus, menagerie, plant exhibition or other travelling exhibition provided that:(a)the exporter or importer registers full details of such specimens with that Management Authority;(b)the specimens are in either of the categories specified in paragraph 2 or 5 of this Article; and(c)the Management Authority is satisfied that any living specimen will be so transported and cared for as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.

Article VIII – Measures to Be Taken by the Parties

1. The Parties shall take appropriate measures to enforce the provisions of the present Convention and to prohibit trade in specimens in violation thereof. These shall include measures:(a)to penalize trade in, or possession of, such specimens, or both; and(b)to provide for the confiscation or return to the State of export of such specimens.2. In addition to the measures taken under paragraph 1 of this Article, a Party may, when it deems it necessary, provide for any method of internal reimbursement for expenses incurred as a result of the confiscation of a specimen traded in violation of the measures taken in the application of the provisions of the present Convention.3. As far as possible, the Parties shall ensure that specimens shall pass through any formalities required for trade with a minimum of delay. To facilitate such passage, a Party may designate ports of exit and ports of entry at which specimens must be presented for clearance. The Parties shall ensure further that all living specimens, during any period of transit, holding or shipment, are properly cared for so as to minimize the risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment.4. Where a living specimen is confiscated as a result of measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article:(a)the specimen shall be entrusted to a Management Authority of the State of confiscation;(b)the Management Authority shall, after consultation with the State of export, return the specimen to that State at the expense of that State, or to a rescue centre or such other place as the Management Authority deems appropriate and consistent with the purposes of the present Convention; and(c)the Management Authority may obtain the advice of a Scientific Authority, or may, whenever it considers it desirable, consult the Secretariat in order to facilitate the decision under sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph, including the choice of a rescue centre or other place.[The word “subparagraph” in paragraph (c) appears without a hyphen in the official text of the Convention]5. A rescue centre as referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article means an institution designated by a Management Authority to look after the welfare of living specimens, particularly those that have been confiscated. VIII6 VIII6[The numerals “VIII6 VIII6” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.]6. Each Party shall maintain records of trade in specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III which shall cover:(a)the names and addresses of exporters and importers; and(b)the number and type of permits and certificates granted; the States with which such trade occurred; the numbers or quantities and types of specimens, names of species as included in Appendices I, II and III and, where applicable, the size and sex of the specimens in question. VIII7 VIII7[The numerals “VIII7 VIII7” do not appear in the official version of the Convention.]7. Each Party shall prepare periodic reports on its implementation of the present Convention and shall transmit to the Secretariat:(a)an annual report containing a summary of the information specified in subparagraph (b) of paragraph 6 of this Article; and[The word “subparagraph” in paragraph (a) appears without a hyphen in the official text of the Convention, as in the Government Gazette, even though this is inconsistent with other usages of the term in the official text.](b)a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative measures taken to enforce the provisions of the present Convention.8. The information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article shall be available to the public where this is not inconsistent with the law of the Party concerned.

Article IX – Management and Scientific Authorities

1. Each Party shall designate for the purposes of the present Convention:(a)one or more Management Authorities competent to grant permits or certificates on behalf of that Party; and(b)one or more Scientific Authorities.2. A State depositing an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall at that time inform the Depositary Government of the name and address of the Management Authority authorized to communicate with other Parties and with the Secretariat.3. Any changes in the designations or authorizations under the provisions of this Article shall be communicated by the Party concerned to the Secretariat for transmission to all other Parties.4. Any Management Authority referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall, if so requested by the Secretariat or the Management Authority of another Party, communicate to it impression of stamps, seals or other devices used to authenticate permits or certificates.

Article X – Trade with States not Party to the Convention

Where export or re-export is to, or import is from, a State not a Party to the present Convention, comparable documentation issued by the competent authorities in that State which substantially conforms with the requirements of the present Convention for permits and certificates may be accepted in lieu thereof by any Party.

Article XI – Conference of the Parties

1. The Secretariat shall call a meeting of the Conference of the Parties not later than two years after the entry into force of the present Convention.2. Thereafter the Secretariat shall convene regular meetings at least once every two years, unless the Conference decides otherwise and extraordinary meetings at any time on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties.3. At meetings, whether regular or extraordinary, the Parties shall review the implementation of the present Convention and may:(a)make such provision as may be necessary to enable the Secretariat to carry out its duties, and adopt financial provisions;[Paragraph (a) as it appears here incorporates the Amendment to Article XI of the Convention made at Bonn (Germany) on 22 June 1979, which Namibia has accepted.](b)consider and adopt amendments to Appendices I and II in accordance with Article XV;(c)review the progress made towards the restoration and conservation of the species included in Appendices I, II and III;(d)receive and consider any reports presented by the Secretariat or by any Party; and(e)where appropriate, make recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the present Convention.4. At each regular meeting, the Parties may determine the time and venue of the next regular meeting to be held in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article.5. At any meeting, the Parties may determine and adopt rules of procedure for the meeting.6. The United Nations, its Specialized Agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State not a Party to the present Convention, may be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, who shall have the right to participate but not to vote.7. Any body or agency technically qualified in protection, conservation or management of wild fauna and flora, in the following categories, which has informed the Secretariat of its desire to be represented at meetings of the Conference by observers, shall be admitted unless at least one-third of the Parties present object:(a)international agencies or bodies, either governmental or non- governmental, and national governmental agencies and bodies; and(b)national non-governmental agencies or bodies which have been approved for this purpose by the State in which they are located. Once admitted, these observers shall have the right to participate but not to vote.

Article XII – The Secretariat

1. Upon entry into force of the present Convention, a Secretariat shall be provided by the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme. To the extent and in the manner he considers appropriate, he may be assisted by suitable inter-governmental or non-governmental international or national agencies and bodies technically qualified in protection, conservation and management of wild fauna and flora.2. The functions of the Secretariat shall be:(a)to arrange for and service meetings of the Parties;(b)to perform the functions entrusted to it under the provisions of Articles XV and XVI of the present Convention;(c)to undertake scientific and technical studies in accordance with programmes authorized by the Conference of the Parties as will contribute to the implementation of the present Convention, including studies concerning standards for appropriate preparation and shipment of living specimens and the means of identifying specimens;(d)to study the reports of Parties and to request from Parties such further information with respect thereto as it deems necessary to ensure implementation of the present Convention;(e)to invite the attention of the Parties to any matter pertaining to the aims of the present Convention;(f)to publish periodically and distribute to the Parties current editions of Appendices I, II and III together with any information which will facilitate identification of specimens of species included in those Appendices;(g)to prepare annual reports to the Parties on its work and on the implementation of the present Convention and such other reports as meetings of the Parties may request;(h)to make recommendations for the implementation of the aims and provisions of the present Convention, including the exchange of information of a scientific or technical nature;(i)to perform any other function as may be entrusted to it by the Parties.

Article XIII – International Measures

1. When the Secretariat in the light of information received is satisfied that any species included in Appendix I or II is being affected adversely by trade in specimens of that species or that the provisions of the present Convention are not being effectively implemented, it shall communicate such information to the authorized Management Authority of the Party or Parties concerned.2. When any Party receives a communication as indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall, as soon as possible, inform the Secretariat of any relevant facts insofar as its laws permit and, where appropriate, propose remedial action. Where the Party considers that an inquiry is desirable, such inquiry may be carried out by one or more persons expressly authorized by the Party.3. The information provided by the Party or resulting from any inquiry as specified in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be reviewed by the next Conference of the Parties which may make whatever recommendations it deems appropriate.

Article XIV – Effect on Domestic Legislation and International Conventions

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the right of Parties to adopt:(a)stricter domestic measures regarding the conditions for trade, taking, possession or transport of specimens of species included in Appendices I, II and III, or the complete prohibition thereof; or(b)domestic measures restricting or prohibiting trade, taking, possession or transport of species not included in Appendix I, II or III.2. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of any domestic measures or the obligations of Parties deriving from any treaty, convention, or international agreement relating to other aspects of trade, taking, possession or transport of specimens which is in force or subsequently may enter into force for any Party including any measure pertaining to the Customs, public health, veterinary or plant quarantine fields.3. The provisions of the present Convention shall in no way affect the provisions of, or the obligations deriving from, any treaty, convention or international agreement concluded or which may be concluded between States creating a union or regional trade agreement establishing or maintaining a common external Customs control and removing Customs control between the parties thereto insofar as they relate to trade among the States members of that union or agreement.4. A State party to the present Convention, which is also a party to any other treaty, convention or international agreement which is in force at the time of the coming into force of the present Convention and under the provisions of which protection is afforded to marine species included in Appendix II, shall be relieved of the obligations imposed on it under the provisions of the present Convention with respect to trade in specimens of species included in Appendix II that are taken by ships registered in that State and in accordance with the provisions of such other treaty, convention or international agreement.5. Notwithstanding the provisions of Articles III, IV and V, any export of a specimen taken in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Article shall only require a certificate from a Management Authority of the State of introduction to the effect that the specimen was taken in accordance with the provisions of the other treaty, convention or international agreement in question.6. Nothing in the present Convention shall prejudice the codification and development of the law of the sea by the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea convened pursuant to Resolution 2750 C (XXV) of the General Assembly of the United Nations nor the present or future claims and legal views of any State concerning the law of the sea and the nature and extent of coastal and flag State jurisdiction.

Article XV – Amendments to Appendices I and II

1. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices I and II at meetings of the Conference of the Parties:(a)Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for consideration at the next meeting. The text of the proposed amendment shall be communicated to the Secretariat at least 150 days before the meeting. The Secretariat shall consult the other Parties and interested bodies on the amendment in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) of paragraph 2 of this Article and shall communicate the response to all Parties not later than 30 days before the meeting.(b)Amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affrmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.[The word “affirmative” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.](c)Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.2. The following provisions shall apply in relation to amendments to Appendices I and II between meetings of the Conference of the Parties:(a)Any Party may propose an amendment to Appendix I or II for consideration between meetings by the postal procedures set forth in this paragraph.(b)For marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties. It shall also consult inter-governmental bodies having a function in relation to those species especially with a view to obtaining scientific data these bodies may be able to provide and to ensuring co-ordination with any conservation measures enforced by such bodies. The Secretariat shall communicate the views expressed and data provided by these bodies and its own findings and recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.(c)For species other than marine species, the Secretariat shall, upon receiving the text of the proposed amendment, immediately communicate it to the Parties, and, as soon as possible thereafter, its own recommendations.(d)Any Party may, within 60 days of the date on which the Secretariat communicated its recommendations to the Parties under sub-paragraph (b) or (c) of this paragraph, transmit to the Secretariat any comments on the proposed amendment together with any relevant scientific data and information.(e)The Secretariat shall communicate the replies received together with its own recommendations to the Parties as soon as possible.(f)If no objection to the proposed amendment is received by the Secretariat within 30 days of the date the replies and recommendations were communicated under the provisions of sub-paragraph (e) of this paragraph, the amendment shall enter into force 90 days later for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.(g)If an objection by any Party is received by the Secretariat, the proposed amendment shall be submitted to a postal vote in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraphs (h), (i) and (j) of this paragraph.(h)The Secretariat shall notify the Parties that notification of objection has been received.(i)Unless the Secretariat receives the votes for, against or in abstention from at least one-half of the Parties within 60 days of the date of notification under sub-paragraph (h) of this paragraph, the proposed amendment shall be referred to the next meeting of the Conference for further consideration.(j)Provided that votes are received from one-half of the Parties, the amendment shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties casting an affirmative or negative vote.(k)The Secretariat shall notify all Parties of the result of the vote.(l)If the proposed amendment is adopted it shall enter into force 90 days after the date of the notification by the Secretariat of its acceptance for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.3. During the period of 90 days provided for by sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph 1 or sub-paragraph (l) of paragraph 2 of this Article any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government make a reservation with respect to the amendment. Until such reservation is withdrawn the Party shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species concerned.

Article XVI – Appendix III and Amendments thereto

1. Any Party may at any time submit to the Secretariat a list of species which it identifies as being sub ject to regulation within its jurisdiction for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 3 of Article II. Appendix III shall include the names of the Parties submitting the species for inclusion therein, the scientific names of the species so submitted, and any parts or derivatives of the animals or plants concerned that are specified in relation to the species for the purposes of sub-paragraph (b) of Article I.[The word “subject” should be written as one word, as it appears in the official text of the Convention.]2. Each list submitted under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat as soon as possible after receiving it. The list shall take effect as part of Appendix III 90 days after the date of such communication. At any time after the communication of such list, any Party may by notification in writing to the Depositary Government enter a reservation with respect to any species or any parts or derivatives, and until such reservation is withdrawn, the State shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the species or part or derivative concerned.3. A Party which has submitted a species for inclusion in Appendix III may withdraw it at any time by notification to the Secretariat which shall communicate the withdrawal to all Parties. The withdrawal shall take effect 30 days after the date of such communication.4. Any Party submitting a list under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of all domestic laws and regulations applicable to the protection of such species, together with any interpretations which the Party may deem appropriate or the Secretariat may request. The Party shall, for as long as the species in question is included in Appendix III, submit any amendments of such laws and regulations or any interpretations as they are adopted.

Article XVII – Amendment of the Convention

1. An extraordinary meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Secretariat on the written request of at least one-third of the Parties to consider and adopt amendments to the present Convention. Such amendments shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of Parties present and voting. For these purposes “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affrmative or negative vote. Parties abstaining from voting shall not be counted among the two-thirds required for adopting an amendment.[The word “affirmative” is misspelt in the Government Gazette, as reproduced above. It is spelt correctly in the official text of the Convention.]2. The text of any proposed amendment shall be communicated by the Secretariat to all Parties at least 90 days before the meeting.3. An amendment shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted it 60 days after two-thirds of the Parties have deposited an instrument of acceptance of the amendment with the Depositary Government. Thereafter, the amendment shall enter into force for any other Party 60 days after that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.

Article XVIII – Resolution of Disputes

1. Any dispute which may arise between two or more Parties with respect to the interpretation or application of the provisions of the present Convention shall be sub ject to negotiation between the Parties involved in the dispute.[The word “subject” should be written as one word, as it appears in the official text of the Convention.]2. If the dispute can not be resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article, the Parties may, by mutual consent, submit the dispute to arbitration, in particular that of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, and the Parties submitting the dispute shall be bound by the arbitral decision.[The term “can not” appears as one word in the official text of the Convention.]

Article XIX – Signature

The present Convention shall be open for signature at Washington until 30th April 1973 and thereafter at Berne until 31st December 1974.

Article XX – Ratification, Acceptance, Approval

The present Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Government of the Swiss Confederation which shall be the Depositary Government.

Article XXI – Accession

The present Convention shall be open indefinitely for accession. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary Government.[Note that Namibia is not a party to the amendments to Article XXI agreed upon by the Parties to CITES at the second extraordinary meeting in Gaborone, Botswana, on 30 April 1983.]

Article XXII – Entry into Force

1. The present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, with the Depositary Government.2. For each State which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the present Convention shall enter into force 90 days after the deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

Article XXIII – Reservations

1. The provisions of the present Convention shall not be subject to general reservations. Specific reservations may be entered in accordance with the provisions of this Article and Articles XV and XVI.2. Any State may, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, enter a specific reservation with regard to:(a)any species included in Appendix I, II or III; or(b)any parts or derivatives specified in relation to a species included in Appendix III.3. Until a Party withdraws its reservation entered under the provisions of this Article, it shall be treated as a State not a Party to the present Convention with respect to trade in the particular species or parts or derivatives specified in such reservation.

Article XXIV – Denunciation

Any Party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Depositary Government at any time. The denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the Depositary Government has received the notification.

Article XXV – Depositary

1. The original of the present Convention, in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Depositary Government, which shall transmit certified copies thereof to all States that have signed it or deposited instruments of accession to it.2. The Depositary Government shall inform all signatory and acceding States and the Secretariat of signatures, deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, entry into force of the present Convention, amendments thereto, entry and withdrawal of reservations and notifications of denunciation.3. As soon as the present Convention enters into force, a certified copy thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary Government to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.In witness whereof the undersigned Plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized to that effect, have signed the present Convention.Done at Washington this third day of March, One Thousand Nine Hundred and Seventy-three.

Schedule 3 (Section 1)

Appendices to Convention

[Schedule 3 is substituted by GN 94/2017 and GN 122/2020.][Note that the Appendices to CITES can be, and regularly are, amended by "the Conference of the Parties" under Articles XV and XVI of the Convention, and the amendments enter into force automatically for all parties.][However, section 11(1) of this Act states: “Whenever Appendices I, II or III is amended [sic], the Minister must by notice in the Gazette amend Schedule 3 accordingly.” In addition, section 1(3)(c) of this Act states: “Any provision of this Act is construed with reference to the Convention and any provision of the Convention is deemed to ORCHIDACEAE be part of this Act and for that purpose … (c) a species is deemed to be included in an Appendix only if it appears in the relevant column of Schedule 3 and also subject to such further qualifications as set out in the relevant entry or such further notes as may appear in that Schedule.”][The version of the Appendices on the CITES website <www.cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php&gt; is updated regularly to include the latest amendments to the CITES Appendices in a convenient table format, which differs from the original text of the Convention and its amendments. The table format from the CITES website has been copied in the Government Gazette and is is presented below as it appears in the Government Gazette.]

Interpretations

1.Species included in these Appendices are referred to:(a)by the name of the species; or(b)as being all of the species included in a higher taxon or designated part thereof.2.The abbreviation “spp.” is used to denote all species of a higher taxon.3.Other references to taxa higher than species are for the purposes of information or classification only. The common names included after the scientific names of families are for reference only. They are intended to indicate the species within the family concerned that are included in the Appendices. In most cases this is not all of the species within the family.4.The following abbreviations are used for plant taxa below the level of species:(a)“ssp.” is used to denote subspecies; and(b)“var(s).” is used to denote variety (varieties).5.As none of the species or higher taxa of FLORA included in Appendix I is annotated to the effect that its hybrids shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of Article III of the Convention, this means that artificially propagated hybrids produced from one or more of these species or taxa may be traded with a certificate of artificial propagation, and that seeds and pollen (including pollinia), cut flowers, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers of these hybrids are not subject to the provisions of the Convention.6.The names of the countries in parentheses placed against the names of species in Appendix III are those of the Parties submitting these species for inclusion in this Appendix.7.When a species is included in one of the Appendices, all parts and derivatives of the species are also included in the same Appendix unless the species is annotated to indicate that only specific parts and derivatives are included. The symbol # followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon included in Appendix II or III refers to a footnote that indicates the parts or derivatives of plants that are designated as ‘specimens’ subject to the provisions of the Convention in accordance with Article I, paragraph (b), subparagraph (iii).8.The terms and expressions below, used in annotations in these Appendices, are defined as follows:ExtractAny substance obtained directly from plant material by physical or chemical means regardless of the manufacturing process. An extract may be solid (e.g. crystals, resin, fine or coarse particles), semi-solid (e.g. gums, waxes) or liquid (e.g. solutions, tinctures, oil and essential oils).Finished products packaged and ready for retail tradeProducts, shipped singly or in bulk, requiring no further processing, packaged, labelled for final use or the retail trade in a state fit for being sold to or used by the general public.PowderA dry, solid substance in the form of fine or coarse particles.WoodchipsWood that has been reduced to small pieces.
  Appendices
I II III
FAUNA (ANIMALS)
PHYLUM CHORDATA
CLASS MAMMALIA (MAMMALS)
     
ARTIODACTYLA      
Antilocapridae
Pronghorns
 
  Antilocapra americana (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Appendices)    
Bovidae
Antelopes, cattle, duikers, gazelles, goats, sheep, etc.
 
  Addax nasomaculatus    
    Ammotragus lervia  
      Antilope cervicapra
(Nepal, Pakistan)
  Bos gaurus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bos frontalis, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)    
  Bos mutus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bos grunniens, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)    
  Bos sauveli    
      Boselaphus tragocamelus
(Pakistan)
      Bubalus arnee (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Bubalus bubalis and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)
(Nepal)
  Bubalus depressicornis    
  Bubalus mindorensis    
  Bubalus quarlesi    
    Budorcas taxicolor  
    Capra caucasica  
  Capra falconeri    
      Capra hircus aegagrus (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)
(Pakistan)
      Capra sibirica
(Pakistan)
  Capricornis milneedwardsii    
  Capricornis rubidus    
  Capricornis sumatraensis    
  Capricornis thar    
    Cephalophus brookei  
    Cephalophus dorsalis  
  Cephalophus jentinki    
    Cephalophus ogilbyi  
    Cephalophus silvicultor  
    Cephalophus zebra  
    Damaliscus pygargus pygargus  
      Gazella bennettii
(Pakistan)
  Gazella cuvieri    
      Gazella dorcas
(Algeria, Tunisia)
  Gazella leptoceros    
  Hippotragus niger variani    
    Kobus leche  
  Naemorhedus baileyi    
  Naemorhedus caudatus    
  Naemorhedus goral    
  Naemorhedus griseus    
  Nanger dama    
  Oryx dammah    
  Oryx leucoryx    
    Ovis ammon  
    Ovis arabica  
    Ovis bochariensis  
    Ovis canadensis (Only the population of Mexico; no other population is included in the Appendices)  
    Ovis collium  
    Ovis cycloceros  
    Ovis darwini  
  Ovis gmelini (Only the population of Cyprus; no other population is included in the Appendices)    
  Ovis hodgsonii    
    Ovis jubata  
    Ovis karelini  
  Ovis nigrimontana    
    Ovis polii  
    Ovis punjabiensis  
    Ovis severtzovi  
  Ovis vignei    
  Pantholops hodgsonii    
    Philantomba monticola  
      Pseudois nayaur
(Pakistan)
  Pseudoryx nghetinhensis    
    Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata  
    Saiga borealis (A zero export quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes)  
    Saiga tatarica (A zero export quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes)  
      Tetracerus quadricornis
(Nepal)
Camelidae
Camels, guanacos, vicunas
 
    Lama guanicoe  
  Vicugna vicugna [Except the populations of: Argentina (the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan), Chile (population of the Primera Región), Ecuador (the whole population), Peru (the whole population) and the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the whole population), which are included in Appendix II]    
    Vicugna vicugna [Only the populations of Argentina (the populations of the Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and the semi-captive populations of the Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan), Chile (population of the Primera Region), Ecuador (the whole population), Peru (the whole population) and the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the whole population); all other populations are included in Appendix I]¹  
Cervidae
Deer, huemuls, muntjacs, pudus
 
  Axis calamianensis    
  Axis kuhlii    
      Axis porcinus (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I)
(Pakistan)
  Axis porcinus annamiticus    
  Blastocerus dichotomus    
    Cervas elaphus bactrianus  
      Cervus elaphus barbarus
(Algeria, Tunisia)
  Cervus elaphus hanglu    
  Dama dama mesopotamica    
  Hippocamelus spp.    
      Mazama temama cerasina
(Guatemala)
  Muntiacus crinifrons    
  Muntiacus vuquangensis    
      Odocoileus virginianus mayensis
(Guatemala)
  Ozotoceros bezoarticus    
    Pudu mephistophiles  
  Pudu puda    
  Rucervus duvaucelii    
  Rucervus eldii    
Giraffidae
Giraffes
 
    Giraffa camelopardalislio  
Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamuses
 
    Hexaprotodon liberiensis  
    Hippopotamus amphibius  
Moschidae
Musk deer
 
  Moschus spp. (Only the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
    Moschus spp. (Except the populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, which are included in Appendix I)  
Suidae
Babirusa, hogs, pigs
 
  Babyrousa babyrussa    
  Babyrousa bolabatuensis    
  Babyrousa celebensis    
  Babyrousa togeanensis    
  Sus salvanius    
Tayassuidae
Peccaries
 
    Tayassuidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and the populations of Pecari tajacu of Mexico and the United States of America, which are not included in the Appendices)  
  Catagonus wagneri    
CARNIVORA  
Ailuridae
Red pandas
 
  Ailurus fulgens    
Canidae
Dogs, foxes, wolves
 
      Canis aureus
(India)
  Canis lupus (Only the populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan; all other populations are included in Appendix II. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo, respectively, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)    
    Canis lupus (Except the populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan, which are included in Appendix I. Excludes the domesticated form and the dingo which are referenced as Canis lupus familiaris and Canis lupus dingo, respectively, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
    Cerdocyon thous  
    Chrysocyon brachyurus  
    Cuon alpinus  
    Lycalopex culpaeus  
    Lycalopex fulvipes  
    Lycalopex griseus  
    Lycalopex gymnocercus  
  Speothos venaticus    
      Vulpes bengalensis
(India)
    Vulpes cana  
      Vulpes vulpes griffithi
(India)
      Vulpes vulpes montana
(India)
      Vulpes vulpes pusilla
(India)
    Vulpes zerda  
Eupleridae
Fossa, falanouc, Malagasy civets
 
    Cryptoprocta ferox  
    Eupleres goudotii  
    Fossa fossana  
Felidae
Cats
 
    Felidae spp. [Except the species included in Appendix I. Excludes specimens of the domesticated form, which are not subject to the provisions of the Convention. For Panthera leo (African populations): a zero annual export quota is established for specimens of bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls and teeth removed from the wild and traded for commercial purposes. Annual export quotas for trade in bones, bone pieces, bone products, claws, skeletons, skulls and teeth for commercial purposes, derived from captive breeding operations in South Africa, will be established and communicated annually to the CITES Secretariat.]  
  Acinonyx jubatus (Annual export quotas for live specimens and hunting trophies are granted as follows: Botswana: 5; Namibia: 150; Zimbabwe: 50. The trade in such specimens is subject to the provisions of Article III of the Convention)    
  Caracal caracal (Only the population of Asia; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Catopuma temminckii    
  Felis nigripes    
  Herpailurus yagouaroundi (Only the populations of Central and North America; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Leopardus geoffroyi    
  Leopardus guttulus    
  Leopardus jacobita    
  Leopardus pardalis    
  Leopardus tigrinus    
  Leopardus wiedii    
  Lynx pardinus    
  Neofelis nebulosa    
  Panthera leo (Only the populations of India; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Panthera onca    
  Panthera pardus    
  Panthera tigris    
  Panthera uncia    
  Pardofelis marmorata    
  Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis (Only the populations of Bangladesh, India and Thailand; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Prionailurus planiceps    
  Prionailurus rubiginosus (Only the population of India; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Puma concolor (Only the populations of Costa Rica and Panama; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
Herpestidae
Mongooses
 
      Herpestes edwardsi
(India, Pakistan)
      Herpestes fuscus
(India)
      Herpestes javanicus
(Pakistan)
      Herpestes javanicus auropunctatus
(India)
      Herpestes smithii
(India)
      Herpestes urva
(India)
      Herpestes vitticollis
(India)
Hyaenidae
Aardwolf, hyenas
 
      Hyaena hyaena
(Pakistan)
      Proteles cristata
(Botswana)
Mephitidae
Skunks
 
    Conepatus humboldtii  
Mustelidae
Badgers, martens, otters, weasels, etc.
 
Lutrinae
Otters
 
    Lutrinae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Aonyx capensis microdon (Only the populations of Cameroon and Nigeria; all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Aonyx cinerea    
  Enhydra lutris nereis    
  Lontra felina    
  Lontra longicaudis    
  Lontra provocax    
  Lontra lutra    
  Lutra nippon    
  Lutrogale perspicillata    
  Pteronura brasiliensis    
Mustelinae
Grisons, honey badgers, martens, tayra, weasels
 
      Eira barbara
(Honduras)
      Martes flavigula
(India)
      Martes foina intermedia
(India)
      Martes gwatkinsii
(India)
      Mellivora capensis
(Botswana)
      Mustela altaica
(India)
      Mustela erminea ferghanae
(India)
      Mustela kathiah
(India)
  Mustela nigripes    
      Mustela sibirica
(India)
Odobenidae
Walruses
 
      Odobenus rosmarus
(Canada)
Otariidae
Fur seals, sealions
 
    Arctocephalus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Arctocephalus townsendi    
Phocidae
Seals
 
    Mirounga leonina  
  Monachus spp.    
Procyonidae
Coatis, kinkajous, olingos
 
      Nasua narica
(Honduras)
      Nasua nasua solitaria
(Uruguay)
      Potos flavus
(Honduras)
Ursidae
Bears, giant pandas
 
    Ursidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Ailuropoda melanoleuca    
  Helarctos malayanus    
  Melursus ursinus    
  Tremarctos ornatus    
  Ursus arctos (Only the populations of Bhutan, China, Mexico and Mongolia: all other populations are included in Appendix II)    
  Ursus arctos isabellinus    
  Ursus thibetanus    
Viverridae
Binturong, civets, linsangs, otter-civet, palm civets
 
      Arctictis binturong
(India)
      Civettictis civetta
(Botswana)
    Cynogale bennettii  
    Hemigalus derbyanus  
      Paguma larvata
(India)
      Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
(India)
      Paradoxurus jerdoni
(India)
    Prionodon linsang  
  Prionodon pardicolor    
      Viverra civettina
(India)
      Viverra zibetha
(India)
      Viverricula indica
(India)
CETACEA
Dolphins, porpoises, whales
 
    CETACEA spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I. A zero annual export quota has been established for live specimens from the Black Sea population of Tursiops truncatus removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes)  
Balaenidae
Bowhead whale, right whales
 
  Balaena mysticetus    
  Eubalaena spp.    
Balaenopteridae
Fin whales, humpback whales, rorquals
 
  Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Except the population of West Greenland, which is included in Appendix II)    
  Balaenoptera bonaerensis    
  Balaenoptera borealis    
  Balaenoptera edeni    
  Balaenoptera musculus    
  Balaenoptera omurai    
  Balaenoptera physalus    
  Megaptera novaeangliae    
Delphinidae
Dolphins
 
  Orcaella brevirostris    
  Orcaella heinsohni    
  Sotalia spp.    
  Sousa spp.    
Eschrichtiidae
Grey whale
 
  Eschrichtius robustus    
Iniidae
River dolphins
 
  Lipotes vexillifer    
Neobalaenidae
Pygmy right whale
 
  Caperea marginata    
Phocoenidae
Porpoises
 
  Neophocaena asiaeorientalis    
  Neophocaena phocaenoides    
  Phocoena sinus    
Physeteridae
Sperm whales
 
  Physeter macrocephalus    
Platanistidae
River dolphins
 
  Platanista spp.    
Ziphiidae
Beaked whales, bottle-nosed whales
 
  Berardius spp.    
  Hyperoodon spp.    
CHIROPTERA  
Phyllostomidae
Broad-nosed bats
 
      Platyrrhinus lineatus
(Uruguay)
Pteropodidae
Fruit bats, flying foxes
 
    Acerodon spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Acerodon jubatus    
    Pteropus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Pteropus brunneus)  
  Pteropus insularis    
  Pteropus loochoensis    
  Pteropus mariannus    
  Pteropus molossinus    
  Pteropus pelewensis    
  Pteropus pilosus    
  Pteropus samoensis    
  Pteropus tonganus    
  Pteropus ualanus    
  Pteropus yapensis    
CINGULATA  
Dasypodidae
Armadillos
 
      Cabassous tatouay
(Uruguay)
    Chaetophractus nationi (A zero annual export quota has been established. All specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly)  
  Priodontes maximus    
DASYUROMORPHIA  
Dasyuridae
Dunnarts
 
  Sminthopsis longicaudata    
  Sminthopsis psammophila    
DIPROTODONTIA  
Macropodidae
Kangaroos, wallabies
 
    Dendrolagus inustus  
    Dendrolagus ursinus  
  Lagorchestes hirsutus    
  Lagostrophus fasciatus    
  Onychogalea fraenata    
Phalangeridae
Cuscuses
 
    Phalanger intercastellanus  
    Phalanger mimicus  
    Phalanger orientalis  
    Spilocuscus kraemeri  
    Spilocuscus maculatus  
    Spilocuscus papuensis  
Potoroidae
Rat-kangaroos
 
  Bettongia spp.    
Vombatidae
Wombats
 
  Lasiorhinus krefftii    
LAGOMORPHA  
Leporidae
Hares, rabbits
 
  Caprolagus hispidus    
  Romerolagus diazi    
MONOTREMATA  
Tachyglossidae
Echidnas, spiny anteaters
 
    Zaglossus spp.  
PERAMELEMORPHIA  
Peramelidae
Bandicoots, echymiperas
 
  Peramles bougainville    
Thylacomyidae
Bilbies
 
  Macrotis lagotis    
PERISSODACTYLA  
Equidae
Horses, wild asses, zebras
 
  Equus qfricanus (Excludes the domesticated form, which is referenced as Equus asinus, and is not subject to the provisions of the Convention)    
  Equus grevyi    
    Equus hemionus (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I)  
  Equus hemionus hemionus    
  Equus hemionus khur    
    Equus kiang  
  Equus przewalskii    
    Equus zebra hartmannae  
    Equus zebra zebra  
Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceroses
 
  Rhinocerotidae spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix II)    
    Ceratotherium simum simum (Only the populations of Eswatini and South Africa; all other populations are included in Appendix I. For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations and hunting trophies. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly)  
Tapiridae
Tapirs
 
  Tapiridae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix II)    
    Tapirus terrestris  
PHOLIDOTA  
Manidae
Pangolins
 
    Manis spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Manis crassicaudata    
  Manis culionensis    
  Manis gigantea    
  Manis javanica    
  Manis pentadactyla    
  Manis temminckii    
  Manis tetradactyla    
  Manis tricuspis    
PILOSA  
Bradypodidae
Three-toed sloths
 
    Bratypus pygmaeus  
    Bratypus variegatus  
Myrmecophagidae
American anteaters
 
    Myrmecophaga tridactyla  
      Tamandua mexicana
(Guatemala)
PRIMATES
Apes, monkeys
 
    PRIMATES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
Atelidae
Howler monkeys, spider monkeys
 
  Alouatta coibensis    
  Alouatta palliata    
  Alouatta pigra    
  Ateles geoffroyi frontatus    
  Ateles geoffroyi ornatus    
  Brachyteles arachnoides    
  Brachyteles hypoxanthus    
  Oreonax flavicauda    
Cebidae
Marmosets, tamarins, new-world monkeys
 
  Callimico goeldii    
  Callithrix aurita    
  Callithrix flaviceps    
  Leontopithecus spp.    
  Saguinus bicolor    
  Saguinus geoffroyi    
  Saguinus leucopus    
  Saguinus martinsi    
  Saguinus oedipus    
  Saimiri oerstedii    
Cercopithecidae
Old-world monkeys
 
  Cercocebus galeritus    
  Cercopithecus diana    
  Cercopithecus roloway    
  Macaca silenus    
  Macaca sylvanus    
  Mandrillus leucophaeus    
  Mandrillus sphinx    
  Nasalis larvatus    
  Piliocolobus kirkii    
  Piliocolobus rufomitratus    
  Presbytis potenziani    
  Pygathrix spp.    
  Rhinopithecus spp.    
  Semnopithecus ajax    
  Semnopithecus dussumieri    
  Semnopithecus entellus    
  Semnopithecus hector    
  Semnopithecus hypoleucos    
  Semnopithecus priam    
  Semnopithecus schistaceus    
  Simias concolor    
  Trachypithecus geei    
  Trachypithecus pileatus    
  Trachypithecus shortridgei    
Cheirogaleidae
Dwarf lemurs
 
  Cheirogaleidae spp.    
Daubentoniidae
Aye-aye
 
  Daubentonia madagascariensis    
Hominidae
Apes, chimpanzees, gorillas, orang-utans
 
  Gorilla beringei    
  Gorilla gorilla    
  Pan spp.    
  Pongo abelii    
  Pongo pygmaeus    
Hylobatidae
Gibbons
 
  Hylobatidae spp.    
Indriidae
Indris, sifakas, woolly lemurs
 
  Indriidae spp.    
Lemuridae
Large lemurs
 
  Lemuridae spp.    
Lepilemuridae
Sportive lemurs
 
  Lepilemuridae spp.    
Lorisidae
Lorises
 
  Nycticebus spp.    
Pitheciidae
Sakis, uakaris
 
  Cacajao spp.    
  Chiropotes albinasus    
PROBOSCIDEA  
Elephantidae
Elephants
 
  Elephas maximus    
  Loxodonta africana (Except the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, which are included in Appendix II subject to annotation 2)    
    Loxodonta africana² (Only the populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe; all other populations are included in Appendix I)  
RODENTIA  
Chinchillidae
Chinchillas
 
  Chinchilla spp. (Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)    
Cuniculidae
Pacas
 
      Cuniculus paca
(Honduras)
Dasyproctidae
Agoutis
 
      Dasyprocta punctata
(Honduras)
Erethizontidae
New-world porcupines
 
      Sphiggurus mexicanus
(Honduras)
      Sphiggurus spinosus
(Uruguay)
Muridae
Mice, rats
 
  Leporillus conditor    
  Pseudomys fieldi    
  Xeromys myoides    
  Zyzomys pedunculatus    
Sciuridae
Ground squirrels, tree squirrels
 
  Cynomys mexicanus    
      Marmota caudata
(India)
      Marmota himalayana
(India)
    Ratufa spp.  
       
SCANDENTIA
Tree shrews
 
    SCANDENTIA spp.  
SIRENIA  
Dugongidae
Dugong
 
  Dugong dugon    
Trichechidae
Manatees
 
  Trichechus inunguis    
  Trichechus manatus    
  Trichechus senegalensis    
CLASS AVES (BIRDS)  
ANSERIFORMES  
Anatidae
Ducks, geese, swans, etc.
 
  Anas aucklandica    
    Anas bernieri  
  Anas chlorotis    
    Anas formosa  
  Anas laysanensis    
  Anas nesiotis    
  Asarcornis scutulata    
  Branta canadensis leucopareia    
    Branta ruficollis  
  Branta sandvicensis    
    Coscoroba coscoroba  
    Cygnus melancoryphus  
    Dendrocygna arborea  
      Dendrocygna autumnalis
(Honduras)
      Dendrocygna bicolor
(Honduras)
    Oxyura leucocephala  
  Rhodonessa caryophyllacea    
    Sarkidiornis melanotos  
APODIFORMES  
Trochilidae
Hummingbirds
 
    Trochdidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Glaucis dohrnii    
CHARADRIIFORMES  
Burhinidae
Thick-knees
 
      Burhinus bistriatus
(Guatemala)
Laridae
Gulls
 
  Larus relictus    
Scolopacidae
Curlews, greenshanks
 
  Numenius borealis    
  Numenius tenuirostris    
  Tringa guttifer    
CICONIIFORMES  
Balaenicipitidae
Shoebills, whale-headed storks
 
    Balaeniceps rex  
Ciconiidae
Storks
 
  Ciconia boyciana    
    Ciconia nigra  
  Jabiru mycteria    
  Mycteria cinerea    
Phoenicopteridae
Flamingos
 
    Phoenicopteridae spp.  
Threskiornithidae
Ibises, spoonbills
 
    Eudocimus ruber  
    Geronticus calvus  
  Geronticus eremita    
  Nipponia nippon    
    Platalea leucorodia  
COLUMBIFORMES  
Columbidae
Doves, pigeons
 
  Caloenas nicobarica    
  Ducula mindorensis    
    Gallicolumba luzonica  
    Goura spp.  
      Nesoenas mayeri
(Mauritius)
CORACIIFORMES  
Bucerotidae
Hornbills
 
    Aceros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Aceros nipalensis    
    Anorrhinus spp.  
    Anthracoceros spp.  
    Berenicornis spp.  
    Buceros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Buceros bicornis    
    Penelopides spp.  
  Rhinoplax vigil    
    Rhyticeros spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Rhyticeros subruficollis    
CUCULIFORMES  
Musophagidae
Turacos
 
    Tauraco spp.  
FALCONIFORMES
Eagles, falcons, hawks, vultures
 
    FALCONIFORMES spp. (Except Caracara lutosa and the species of the family Cathartidae, which are not included in the Appendices; and the species included in Appendices I and III)  
Accipitridae
Hawks, eagles
 
  Aquila adalberti    
  Aquila heliaca    
  Chondrohierax uncinatus wilsonii    
  Haliaeetus albicilla    
  Harpia harpyja    
  Pithecophaga jefferyi    
Cathartidae
New-world vultures
 
  Gymnogyps Californianus    
      Sarcoramphus papa
(Honduras)
  Vultur gryphus    
Falconidae
Falcons
 
  Falco araeus    
  Falco jugger    
  Falco newtoni (Only the population of Seychelles)    
  Falco pelegrinoides    
  Falco peregrinus    
  Falco punctatus    
  Falco rusticolus    
GALLIFORMES  
Cracidae
Chachalacas, currassows, guans
 
      Crax alberti
(Colombia)
  Crax blumenbachii    
      Crax daubentoni
(Colombia)
      Crax globulosa
(Colombia)
      Crax rubra
(Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras)
  Mitu mitu    
  Oreophasis derbianus    
      Ortalis vetula
(Guatemala, Honduras)
      Pauxi pauxi
(Colombia)
  Penelope albipennis    
      Penelope purpurascens
(Honduras)
      Penelopina nigra
(Guatemala)
  Pipile jacutinga    
  Pipile pipile    
Megapodiidae
Megapodes, scrubfowl
 
  Macrocephalon maleo    
Phasianidae
Grouse, guineafowl, partridges, peafowl, pheasants, tragopans
 
    Argusianus argus  
  Catreus wallichii    
  Colinus virginianus ridgwayi    
  Crossoptilon crossoptilon    
  Crossoptilon mantchuricum    
    Gallus sonneratii  
    Ithaginis cruentus  
  Lophophorus impejanus    
  Lophophorus lhuysii    
  Lophophorus sclateri    
  Lophura edwardsi    
      Lophura leucomelanos
(Pakistan)
  Lophura swinhoii    
      Meleagris ocellata
(Guatemala)
      Pavo cristatus
(Pakistan)
    Pavo muticus  
    Polyplectron bicalcaratum  
    Polyplectron germaini  
    Polyplectron malacense  
  Polyplectron napoleonis    
    Polyplectron schleiermacheri  
      Pucrasia macrolopha
(Pakistan)
  Rheinardia ocellata    
  Syrmaticus ellioti    
  Syrmaticus humiae    
  Syrmaticus mikado    
    Syrmaticus reevesii  
  Tetraogallus caspias    
  Tetraogallus tibetanus    
  Tragopan blythii    
  Tragopan caboti    
  Tragopan melanocephalus    
      Tragopan satyra
(Nepal)
    Tympanuchus cupido attwateri  
GRUIFORMES  
Gruidae
Cranes
 
    Gruidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Balearica pavonina    
  Grus americana    
  Grus canadensis nesiotes    
  Grus canadensis pulla    
  Grus japonensis    
  Grus leucogeranus    
  Grus monacha    
  Grus nigricollis    
  Grus vipio    
Otididae
Bustards
 
    Otididae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Ardeotis nigriceps    
  Chlamydotis macqueenii    
  Chlamydotis undulata    
  Houbaropsis bengalensis    
Rallidae
Rails
 
  Gallirallus sylvestris    
Rhynochetidae
Kagu
 
  Rhynochetos jubatus    
PASSERIFORMES  
Atrichornithidae
Scrub-birds
 
  Atrichornis clamosus    
Cotingidae
Cotingas
 
      Cephalopterus ornatus
(Colombia)
      Cephalopterus penduliger
(Colombia)
  Cotinga maculata    
    Rupicola spp.  
  Xipholena atropurpurea    
Emberizidae
Cardinals, tanagers
 
    Gubernatrix cristata  
    Paroaria capitata  
    Paroaria coronata  
    Tangara fastuosa  
Estrildidae
Mannikins, waxbills
 
    Amandava formosa  
    Lonchura oryzivora  
    Poephila cincta cincta  
Fringillidae
Finches
 
  Carduelis cucullata    
    Carduelis yarrellii  
Hirundinidae
Martins
 
  Pseudochelidon sirintarae    
Icteridae
New-world blackbirds
 
  Xanthopsar flavus    
Meliphagidae
Honeyeaters
 
    Lichenostomus melanops cassidix  
Muscicapidae
Old-world flycatchers
 
      Acrocephalus rodericanus
(Mauritius)
    Cyornis ruckii  
    Dasyornis broadbenti litoralis  
    Dasyornis longirostris  
    Garrulax canorus  
    Garrulax taewanus  
    Leiothrix argentauris  
    Leiothrix lutea  
    Liocichla omeiensis  
  Picathartes gymnocephalus    
  Picathartes oreas    
      Terpsiphone bourbonnensis
(Mauritius)
Paradisaeidae
Birds of paradise
 
    Paradisaeidae spp.  
Pittidae
Pittas
 
    Pitta guajana  
  Pitta gurneyi    
  Pitta kochi    
    Pitta nympha  
Pycnonotidae
Bulbuls
 
  Pycnonotus zeylanicus    
Sturnidae
Mynas, starlings
 
    Gracula religiosa  
  Leucopsar rothschildi    
Zosteropidae
White-eyes
 
  Zosterops albogularis    
PELECANIFORMES  
Fregatidae
Frigatebirds
 
  Fregata andrewsi    
Pelecanidae
Pelicans
 
  Pelecanus crispus    
Sulidae
Gannets
 
  Papasula abbotti    
PICIFORMES  
Capitonidae
Barbets
 
      Semnornis ramphastinus
(Colombia)
Picidae
Woodpeckers
 
  Dryocopus javensis richardsi    
Ramphastidae
Toucans
 
      Baillonius bailloni
(Argentina)
    Pteroglossus aracari  
      Pteroglossus castanotis
(Argentina)
    Pteroglossus viridis  
      Ramphastos dicolorus
(Argentina)
    Ramphastos sulfuratus  
    Ramphastos toco  
    Ramphastos tucanus  
    Ramphastos vitellinus  
      Selenidera maculirostris
(Argentina)
PODICIPEDIFORMES  
Podicipedidae
Grebes
 
  Podifymbus gigas    
PROCELLARIIFORMES  
Diomedeidae
Albatrosses
 
  Phoebastria albatrus    
PSITTACIFORMES  
    PSITTACIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Agapornis roseicollis, Melopsittacus undulatus, Nymphicus hollandicus and Psittacula krameri, which are not included in the Appendices)  
Cacatuidae
Cockatoos
 
  Cacatua goffiniana    
  Cacatua haemtruropygia    
  Cacatua moluccensis    
  Cacatua sulphurea    
  Probosciger aterrimus    
Loriidae
Lories, lorikeets
 
  Eos histrio    
  Vini ultramarina    
Psittacidae
Amazons, macaws, parakeets, parrots
 
  Amazona arausiaca    
  Amazona auropalliata    
  Amazona barbadensis    
  Amazona brasiliensis    
  Amazona finschi    
  Amazona guildingii    
  Amazona imperials    
  Amazona leucocephala    
  Amazona oratrix    
  Amazona pretrei    
  Amazona rhodocorytha    
  Amazona tucumana    
  Amazona versicolor    
  Amazona vinacea    
  Amazona viridigenalis    
  Amazona vittata    
  Anodorhynchus spp.    
  Ara ambiguus    
  Ara glaucogularis    
  Ara macao    
  Ara militaris    
  Ara rubrogenys    
  Cyanopsitta spixii    
  Cyanoramphus cookii    
  Cyanoramphus forbesi    
  Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae    
  Cyanoramphus saisseti    
  Cyclopsiita diophthalma coxeni    
  Eunymphicus cornutus    
  Guarouba guarouba    
  Neophema chrysogaster    
  Ognorhynchus icterotis    
  Pezoporus occidentalis    
  Pezoporus wallicus    
  Pionopsitta pileata    
  Primolius couloni    
  Primolius maracana    
  Psephotus chrysopterygius    
  Psephotus dissimilis    
  Psephotus pulcherrimus    
  Psittacula echo    
  Psittacus erithacus    
  Pyrrhura cruentata    
  Rhynchopsitta spp.    
  Strigops habroptilus    
RHEIFORMES  
Rheidae
Rheas
 
  Pterocnemia pennata (Except Pterocnemia pennata pennata which is included in Appendix II)    
    Pterocnemia pennata pennata  
    Rhea americana  
SPHENISCIFORMES  
Spheniscidae
Penguins
 
    Spheniscus demersus  
  Spheniscus humboldti    
STRIGIFORMES
Owls
 
    STRIGIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I and Sceloglaux albifacies)  
Strigidae
Owls
 
  Heteroglaux blewitti    
  Mimizuku gurneyi    
  Ninox natalis    
Tytonidae
Barn owls
 
  Tyto soumagnei    
STRUTHIONIFORMES  
Struthionidae
Ostriches
 
  Struthio camelus (Only the populations of Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, the Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and the Sudan; all other populations are not included in the Appendices)    
TINAMIFORMES  
Tinamidae
Tinamous
 
  Tinamus solitarius    
TROGONIFORMES  
Trogonidae
Quetzals
 
  Pharomachrus mocinno    
CLASS REPTILIA (REPTILES)  
CROCODYLIA
Alligators, caimans, crocodiles
 
    CROCODYLIA spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
Alligatoridae
Alligators, caimans
 
  Alligator sinensis    
  Caiman crocodilus apaporiensis    
  Caiman latirostris (Except the population of Argentina, which is included in Appendix II)    
  Melanosuchus niger (Except the population of Brazil, which is included in Appendix II, and the population of Ecuador, which is included in Appendix II and is subject to a zero annual export quota until an annual export quota has been approved by the CITES Secretariat and the IUCN/ SSC Crocodile Specialist Group)    
Crocodylidae
Crocodiles
 
  Crocodylus acutus (Except the population of the Integrated Management District of Mangroves of the Bay of Cispata, Tinajones, La Balsa and Surrounding Areas. Department of Córdoba, Colombia, and the population of Cuba, which are included in Appendix II; and the population of Mexico, which is included in Appendix II and is subject to a zero-export quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)    
  Crocodylus cataphractus    
  Crocodylus intermedius    
  Crocodylus mindorensis    
  Crocodylus moreletii (Except the population of Belize, which is included in Appendix II with a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes, and the population of Mexico, which is included in Appendix II)    
  Crocodylus niloticus [Except the populations of Botswana, Egypt (subject to a zero quota for wild specimens traded for commercial purposes), Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania (subject to an annual export quota of no more than 1,600 wild specimens including hunting trophies, in addition to ranched specimens), Zambia and Zimbabwe, which are included in Appendix II]    
  Crocodylus palustris    
  Crocodylus porosus {Except the populations of Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia [wild harvest restricted to the State of Sarawak and a zero quota for wild specimens for the other States of Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia), with no change in the zero quota unless approved by the Parties] and Papua New Guinea, which are included in Appendix II}    
  Crocodylus rhombifer    
  Crocodylus siamensis    
  Osteolaemus tetraspis    
  Tomistoma schlegelii    
Gavialidae
Gavials
 
  Gavialis gangeticus    
RHYNCHOCEPHALIA  
Sphenodontidae
Tuataras
 
  Sphenodon spp.    
SAURIA  
Agamidae
Spiny-tailed lizards, agamas
 
    Ceratophora aspera (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
  Ceratophora erdeleni    
  Ceratophora karu    
    Ceratophora stoddartii (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
  Ceratophora tennentii    
  Cophotis ceylanica    
  Cophotis dumbara    
    Lyriocephalus scutatus (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Saara spp.  
    Uromastyx spp.  
Anguidae
Alligator lizards
 
    Abronia spp. [Except the species included in Appendix I (zero export quota for wild specimens for Abronia aurita, A. gaiophantasma, A. montecristoi, A. salvadorensis and A. vasconcelosii)]  
  Abronia anzuetoi    
  Abronia campbelli    
  Abronia fimbriata    
  Abronia frosti    
  Abronia meledona    
Chamaeleonidae
Chameleons
 
    Archaius spp.  
    Bradypodion spp.  
    Brookesia spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Brookesia perarmata    
    Calumma spp.  
    Chamaeleo spp.  
    Furcifer spp.  
    Kinyongia spp.  
    Nadzikambia spp.  
    Palleon spp.  
    Rhampholeon spp.  
    Rieppeleon spp.  
    Trioceros spp.  
Cordylidae
Spiny-tailed lizards
 
    Cordylus spp.  
    Hemicordylus spp.  
    Karusaurus spp.  
    Namazonurus spp.  
    Ninurta spp.  
    Ouroborus spp.  
    Pseudocordylus spp.  
    Smaug spp.  
Gekkonidae
Geckos
 
  Cnemaspis psychedelica    
      Dactylocnemis spp.
(New Zealand)
    Gekko gecko  
  Gonatodes daudini    
      Hoplodactylus spp.
(New Zealand)
  Lygodactytus williamsi    
      Mokopirirakau spp.
(New Zealand)
    Nactus serpensinsula  
    Naultinus spp.  
    Paroedura androyensis  
    Paroedura masobe  
    Phelsuma spp.  
    Rhoptropella spp.  
      Sphaerodactylus armasi
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus celicara
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus dimorphicus
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus intermedius
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus alayoi
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus granti
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus lissodesmus
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus ocujal
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus nigropunctatus strategus
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus notatus atactus
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus oliveri
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus pimienta
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus ruibali
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus siboney
(Cuba)
      Sphaerodactylus torrei
(Cuba)
      Toropuku spp.
(New Zealand)
      Tukutuku spp.
(New Zealand)
    Uroplatus spp.  
      woodworthia spp.
(New Zealand)
Helodermatidae
Beaded lizards, gila monsters
 
    Heloderma spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I)  
  Heloderma horridum charlesbogerti    
Iguanidae
Iguanas
 
    Amblyrhynchus cristatus  
  Brachylophus spp.    
    Conolophus spp.  
    Ctenosaura spp.  
  Cyclura spp.    
    Iguana spp.  
    Phrynosoma blainvillii  
    Phrynosoma cerroense  
    Phrynosoma coronatum  
    Phrynosoma wigginsi  
  Sauromalus varius    
Lacertidae
Lizards
 
  Gallotia simonyi    
    Podarcis lilfordi  
    Podarcis pityusensis  
Lanthanotidae
Earless monitor lizards
 
    Lanthanotidae spp. (Zero export quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
Polychrotidae
Anoles
 
      Anolis agueroi
(Cuba)
      Anolis baracoae
(Cuba)
      Anolis barbatus
(Cuba)
      Anolis chamaeleonides
(Cuba)
      Anolis equestris
(Cuba)
      Anolis guamuhaya
(Cuba)
      Anolis luteogularis
(Cuba)
      Anolis pigmaequestris
(Cuba)
      Anolis porcus
(Cuba)
Scincidae
Skinks
 
    Corucia zebrata  
Teiidae
Caiman lizards, tegu lizards
 
    Crocodilurus amazonicus  
    Dracaena spp.  
    Salvator spp.  
    Tupinambis spp.  
Varanidae
Monitor lizards
 
    Varanus spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Varanus bengalensis    
  Varanus flavescens    
  Varanus griseus    
  Varanus komodoensis    
  Varanus nebulosus    
Xenosauridae
Chinese crocodile lizard
 
  Shinisaurus crocodilurus    
SERPENTES  
Boidae
Boas
 
    Boidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Acrantophis spp.    
  Boa constrictor occidentalis    
  Epicrates inornatus    
  Epicrates monensis    
  Epicrates subflavus    
  Sanzinia madagascariensis    
Bolyeriidae
Round Island boas
 
    Bolyeriidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Bolyeria multocarinata    
  Casarea dussumieri    
Colubridae
Typical snakes, water snakes, whipsnakes
 
      Atretium schistosum
(India)
      Cerberus rynchops
(India)
    Clelia clelia  
    Cyclagras gigas  
    Elachistodon westermanni  
    Ptyas mucosus  
      Xenochrophis piscator
(India)
      Xenochrophis schnurrenbergeri
(India)
      Xenochrophis tytleri
(India)
Elapidae
Cobras, coral snakes
 
    Hoplocephalus bungaroides  
      Micrurus diastema
(Honduras)
      Micrurus nigrocinctus
(Honduras)
      Micrurus ruatanus
(Honduras)
    Naja atra  
    Naja kaouthia  
    Naja mandalayensis  
    Naja naja  
    Naja oxiana  
    Naja philippinensis  
    Naja sagittifera  
    Naja samarensis  
    Naja siamensis  
    Naja sputatrix  
    Naja sumatrana  
    Ophiophagus hannah  
Loxocemidae
Mexican dwarf boas
 
    Loxocemidae spp.  
Pythonidae
Pythons
 
    Pythonidae spp. (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I)  
  Python molurus molurus    
Tropidophiidae
Wood boas
 
    Tropidophiidae spp.  
Viperidae
Vipers
 
    Atheris desaixi  
    Bitis worthingtoni  
      Crotalus durissus
(Honduras)
      Daboia russelii
(India)
    Pseudocerastes urarachnoides  
    Trimeresurus mangshanensis  
  Vipera ursinii (Only the population of Europe, except the area which formerly constituted the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; these latter populations are not included in the Appendices)    
    Vipera wagneri  
TESTUDINES  
Carettochelyidae
Pig-nosed turtles
 
    Carettochelys insculpta  
Chelidae
Austro-American sideneck turtles
 
    Chelodina mccordi (Zero export quota for specimens from the wild)  
  Pseudemydura umbrina    
Cheloniidae
Sea turtles
 
  Cheloniidae spp.    
Chelydridae
Snapping turtles
 
      Chelydra serpentina
(United States of America)
      Macrochelys temminckii
(United States of America)
Dermatemydidae
Central American river turtles
 
    Dermatemys mawii  
Dermochetyidae
Leatherback turtles
 
  Dermochelys coriacea    
Emydidae
Box turtles, freshwater turtles
 
    Clemmys guttata  
    Emydoidea blandingii  
    Glyptemys insculpta  
  Glyptemys muhlenbergii    
      Graptemys spp.
(United States of America)
    Malaclemys terrapin  
    Terrapene spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Terrapene coahuila    
Geoemydidae
Box turtles, freshwater turtles
 
  Batagur affinis    
  Batagur baska    
    Batagur borneoensis (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Batagur dhongoka  
    Batagur kachuga  
    Batagur trivittata (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Cuora spp. (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes for Cuora aurocapitata, C. flavomarginata, C. galbinifrons, C. mccordi, C. mouhotii, C. pani, C. trifasciata, C. yunnanensis and C. zhoui)  
  Cuora bourreti    
  Cuora picturata    
    Cyclemys spp.  
  Geoclemys hamiltonii    
    Geoemyda japonica  
    Geoemyda spengleri  
    Hardella thurjii  
    Heosemys annandalii (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Heosemys depressa (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Heosemys grandis  
    Heosemys spinosa  
    Leucocephalon yuwonoi  
    Malayemys macrocephala  
    Malayemys subtrijuga  
  Mauremys annamensis    
      Mauremys iversoni
(China)
    Mauremys japonica  
      Mauremys megalocephala
(China)
    Mauremys mutica  
    Mauremys nigricans  
      Maureniys pritchardi
(China)
      Maureniys reevesii
(China)
      Mauremys sinensis
(China)
  Melanochelys tricarinata    
    Melanochelys trijuga  
  Morenia ocellata    
    Morenia petersi  
    Notochelys platynota  
      Ocadia glyphistoma
(China)
      Ocadia philippeni
(China)
    Orlitia borneensis (Zero quota for wild specimens for commercial purposes)  
    Pangshura spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Pangshura tecta    
    Sacalia bealei  
      Sacalia pseudocellata
(China)
    Sacalia quadriocellata  
    Siebenrockiella crassicollis  
    Siebenrockiella leytensis  
    Vijayachelys silvatica  
Platysternidae
Big-headed turtles
 
  Platystenidae spp.    
Podocnemididae
Afro-American sideneck turtles
 
    Erymnochelys madagascariensis  
    Peltocephalus dumerilianus  
    Podocnemis spp.  
Testudinidae
Tortoises
 
    Testudinidae spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I. A zero annual expoit quota has been established for Centrochelys sulcata for specimens removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes)  
  Astrochelys radiata    
  Astrochelys yniphora    
  Chelonoidis niger    
  Geochelone elegans    
  Geochelone platynota    
  Gopherus flavomarginatus    
  Malacochersus tornieri    
  Psammobates geometricus    
  Pyxis arachnoides    
  Pyxis planicauda    
  Testudo kleinmanni    
Trionychidae
Softshell turtles
 
    Amyda cartilaginea  
      Apalone ferox
(United States of America)
      Apalone mutica
(United States of America)
      Apalone spinifera (Except the subspecies included in Appendix I)
(United States of America)
  Apalone spinifera atra    
    Chitra spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Chitra chitra    
  Chitra vandijki    
    Cyclanorbis elegans  
    Cyclanorbis senegalensis  
    Cycloderma aubryi  
    Cycloderma frenatum  
    Dogania subplana  
    Lissemys ceylonensis  
    Lissemys punctata  
    Lissemys scutata  
    Nilssonia formosa  
  Nilssonia gangetica    
  Nilssonia hurum    
    Nilssonia leithii  
  Nilssonia nigricans    
    Palea steindachneri  
    Pelochelys spp.  
    Pelodiscus axenaria  
    Pelodiscus maackii  
    Pelodiscus parviformis  
    Rafetus euphraticus  
    Rafetus swinhoei  
    Trionyx triunguis  
CLASS AMPHIBIA (AMPHIBIANS)  
ANURA  
Aromobatidae
Cryptic forest frogs
 
    Allobates femoralis  
    Allobates hodli  
    Allobates myersi  
    Allobates zaparo  
    Anomaloglossus rufulus  
Bufonidae
Toads
 
  Amietophrynus channingi    
  Amietophrynus superciliaris    
  Altiphrynoides spp.    
  Atelopus zeteki    
  Incilius periglenes    
  Nectophrynoides spp.    
  Nimbaphrynoides spp.    
Calyptocephalellidae
Chilean toads
 
      Calyptocephalella gayi
(Chile)
Dendrobatidae
Poison frogs
 
    Adelphobates spp.  
    Ameerega spp.  
    Andinobates spp.  
    Dendrobates spp.  
    Epipedobates spp.  
    Excidobates spp.  
    Hyloxalus azureivenitris  
    Minyobates spp.  
    Oophaga spp.  
    Phyllobates spp.  
    Ranitomeya spp.  
Dicroglossidae
Frogs
 
    Euphlyctis hexadactylus  
    Hoplobatrachus tigerinus  
Hylidae
Tree frogs
 
    Agalychnis spp.  
Mantellidae
Mantella frogs
 
    Mantella spp.  
Microhylidae
Tomato frogs
 
    Dyscophus antongilii  
    Dyscophus guineti  
    Dyscophus insularis  
    Scaphiophryne boribory  
    Scaphiophryne gottlebei  
    Scaphiophryne marmorata  
    Scaphiophryne spinosa  
Myobatrachidae
Gastric-brooding frogs
 
    Rheobatrachus spp. (Except Rheobatrachus silus and Rheobatrachus vitellinus which are not included in the Appendices)  
Telmatobiidae
Andean water frogs
 
  Telmatobius culeus    
CAUDATA      
Ambystomatidae Axolotls, mole salamanders      
    Ambystoma dumerilii  
    Ambystoma mexicanum  
Cryptobranchidae
Giant salamanders
 
  Andrias spp.    
      Cryptobranchus alleganiensis
(United States of America)
Hynobiidae
Asiatic salamanders
 
      Hynobius amjiensis
(China)
Salamandridae
Newts and salamanders
 
    Echinotriton chinhaiensis  
    Echinotriton maxiquadratus  
  Neurergus kaiseri    
    Paramesotriton hongkongensis  
      Salamandra algira
(Algeria)
    Tylototriton spp.  
CLASS ELASMOBRANCHII (SHARKS)  
CARCHARHINIFORMES  
Carcharhinidae
Requiem sharks
 
    Carcharhinus falciformis  
    Carcharhinus longimanus  
Sphyrnidae
Hammerhead sharks
 
    Sphyrna lewini  
    Sphyrna mokarran  
    Sphyrna zygaena  
LAMNIFORMES  
Alopiidae
Thresher sharks
 
    Alopias spp.  
Cetorhinidae
Basking sharks
 
    Cetorhinus maximus  
Lamnidae
Mackerel sharks
 
    Carcharodon carcharias  
    Isurus oxyrinchus  
    Isurus paucus  
    Lamna nasus  
MYLIOBATIFORMES  
Myliobatidae
Eagle and mobulid rays
 
    Manta spp.  
    Mobula spp.  
Potamotrygonidae
Freshwater stingrays
 
      Paratrygon aiereba
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon spp. (population of Brazil)
(Brazil)
      Potamotrygon constellata
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon magdalenae
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon motoro
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon orbignyi
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon schroederi
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygon scobina
(Colombia)
      Potamotrygo yepezi
(Colombia)
ORECTOLOBIFORMES  
Rhincodontidae
Whale sharks
 
    Rhincodon typus  
PRISTIFORMES  
Pristidae
Sawfishes
 
  Pristidae spp.    
RHINOPRISTIFORMES      
Glaucostegidae Guitarfishes      
    Glaucostegus spp.  
Rhinidae Wedgefishes      
    Rhinidae spp.  
CLASS ACTINOPTERI (FISHES)  
ACIPENSERIFORMES  
    ACIPENSERIFORMES spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
Acipenseridae
Sturgeons
 
  Acipenser brevirostrum    
  Acipenser sturio    
ANGUILLEFORMES  
Anguillidae
Freshwater eels
 
    Anguilla anguilla  
CYPRINIFORMES  
Catostomidae Cui-ui      
  Chasmistes cujus    
Cyprinidae
Carps
 
    Caecobarbus geertsii  
  Probarbus jullieni    
OSTEOGLOSSIFORMES  
Arapaimidae
Arapaimas
 
    Arapaima gigas  
Osteoglossidae
Bonytongue
 
  Scleropages formosus    
  Scleropages inscriptus    
PERCIFORMES  
Labridae
Wrasses
 
    Cheilinus undulatus  
Pomacanthidae
Angelfishes
 
    Holacanthus clarionensis  
Sciaenidae
Totoaba
 
  Totoaba macdonaldi    
SILURIFORMES  
Loricariidae
Armoured catfishes
 
      Hypancistrus zebra
(Brazil)
Pangasiidae
Pangasid catfish
 
  Pangasianodon gigas    
SYNGNATHIFORMES  
Syngnathidae
Pipefishes, seahorses
 
    Hippocampus spp.  
CLASS DIPNEUSTI (LUNGFISHES)  
CERATODONTIFORMES  
Neoceratodontidae
Australian lungfishes
 
    Neoceratodus forsteri  
CLASS COELACANTHI (COELACANTHS)  
COELACANTHIFORMES  
Latimeriidae
Coelacanths
 
  Latimeria spp.    
PHYLUM ECHINODERMATA CLASS HOLOTHUROIDEA (SEA CUCUMBERS)  
ASPIDOCHIROTIDA  
Stichopodidae
Sea cucumbers
 
      Isostichopus fuscus
(Ecuador)
HOLOTHURIIDA  
Holothuriidae Teatfishes, Sea cucumbers      
    Holothuria fuscogilva (Entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 28 August 2020)  
    Holothuria nobilis (Entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 28 August 2020)  
    Holothuria whitmaei (Entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 28 August 2020)  
PHYLUM ARTHROPODA CLASS ARACHNIDA (SCORPIONS AND SPIDERS)  
ARANEAE  
Theraphosidae
Red-kneed tarantulas, tarantulas
 
    Aphonopelna albiceps  
    Aphonopelna pallidum  
    Brachypelma spp.  
    Poecilotheria spp.  
SCORPIONES  
Scorpionidae
Scorpions
 
    Pandinus camerounensis  
    Pandinus dictator  
    Pandinus gambiensis  
    Pandinus imperator  
    Pandinus roeseli  
CLASS INSECTA (INSECTS)  
COLEOPTERA  
Lucanidae
Stag beetles
 
      Colophon spp.
(South Africa)
Scarabaeidae
Scarab beetles
 
    Dynastes satanas  
LEPIDOPTERA  
Nymphalidae
Brush-footed butterflies
 
      Agrias amydon boliviensis
(Plurinational State of Bolivia)
      Morpho godartii lachaumei
(Plurinational State of Bolivia)
      Prepona praeneste buckleyana
(Plurinational State of Bolivia)
Papilionidae
Birdwing butterflies, swallowtail butterflies
 
  Achillides chikae chikae    
  Achillides chikae hermeli    
    Atrophaneura jophon  
    Atrophaneura pandiyana  
    Bhutanitis spp.  
    Ornithoptera spp. (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Ornithoptera alexandrae    
  Papilio homerus    
    Papilio hospiton  
  Parides burchellanus    
    Parnassius apollo  
    Teinopalpus spp.  
    Trogonoptera spp.  
    Troides spp.  
PHYLUM ANNELIDA CLASS HIRUDINOIDEA (LEECHES)  
ARHYNCHOBDELLIDA  
Hirudinidae
Medicinal leeches
 
    Hirudo medicinalis  
    Hirudo verbana  
PHYLUM MOLLUSCA CLASS BIVALVIA (CLAMS AND MUSSELS)  
MYTILOIDA  
Mytilidae
Marine mussels
 
    Lithophaga lithophaga  
UNIONOIDA  
Unionidae
Freshwater mussels, pearly mussels
 
  Conradilla caelata    
    Cyprogenia aberti  
  Dromus dromas    
  Epioblasma curtisi    
  Epioblasma florentina    
  Epioblasma sampsonii    
  Epioblasma sulcata perobliqua    
  Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum    
    Epioblasma torulosa rangiana  
  Epioblasma torulosa torulosa    
  Epioblasma turgidula    
  Epioblasma walkeri    
  Fusconaia cuneolus    
  Fusconaia edgariana    
  Lampsilis higginsii    
  Lampsilis orbiculata orbiculata    
  Lampsilis satur    
  Lampsilis virescens    
  Plethobasus cicatricosus    
  Plethobasus cooperianus    
    Pleurobema clava  
  Pleurobema plenum    
  Potamilus capax    
  Quadrula intermedia    
  Quadrula sparsa    
  Toxolasma cylindrella    
  Unio nickliniana    
  Unio tampicoensis tecomatensis    
  Villosa trabalis    
VENEROIDA  
Tridacnidae
Giant clams
 
    Tridacnidae spp.  
CLASS CEPHALOPODA (SQUIDS, OCTOPUSES, CUTTLEFISH)  
NAUTILIDA  
Nautilidae
Chambered nautilus
 
    Nautilidae spp.  
CLASS GASTROPODA (SNAILS AND CONCHES)  
MESOGASTROPODA  
Strombidae
True conchs
 
    Strombus gigas  
STYLOMMATOPHORA  
Achatinellidae
Agate snails, oahu tree snails
 
  Achatinella spp.    
Camaenidae
Green tree snails
 
    Papustyla pulcherrima  
Cepolidae
Helicoid terrestrial snails
 
  Polymita spp.    
PHYLUM CNIDARIA CLASS ANTHOZOA (CORALS AND SEA ANEMONES)  
ANTIPATHARIA
Black corals
 
    ANTIPATHARIA spp.  
GORGONACEAE  
Coralliidae
Red and pink corals
 
      Corallium elatius
(China)
      Corallium japonicum
(China)
      Corallium konjoi
(China)
      Corallium secundum
(China)
HELIOPORACEA  
Helioporidae
Blue corals
 
    Helioporidae spp. (Includes only the species Heliopora coerulea. Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
SCLERACTINIA
Stony corals
 
    SCLERACTINIA spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
STOLONIFERA  
Tubiporidae
Organ-pipe corals
 
    Tubiporidae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
CLASS HYDROZOA (SEA FERNS, FIRE CORALS AND STINGING MEDUSAE)  
MILLEPORINA  
Milleporidae
Fire corals
 
    Milleporidae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
STYLASTERINA  
Stylasteridae
Lace corals
 
    Stylasteridae spp. (Fossils are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
¹For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in fibre from vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) and their derivative products, only if the fibre comes from the shearing of live vicuñas. Trade in products derived from the fibre may only take place in accordance with the following provisions:(a)Any person or entity processing vicuña fibre to manufacture cloth and garments must request authorization from the relevant authorities of the country of origin (Countries of origin: The countries where the species occurs, that is, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru) to use the “vicuña country of origin” wording, mark or logo adopted by the range States of the species that are signatories to the Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña.(b)Marketed cloth or garments must be marked or identified in accordance with the following provisions:(i)For international trade in cloth made from live-sheared vicuña fibre, whether the cloth was produced within or outside of the range States of the species, the wording, mark or logo must be used so that the country of origin can be identified The VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN) wording, mark or logo has the format as detailed below:This wording, mark or logo must appear on the reverse side of the cloth. In addition, the selvages of the cloth must bear the words VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN).(ii)For international trade in garments made from live-sheared vicuna fibre, whether the garments were produced within or outside of the range States of the species, the wording, mark or logo indicated in paragraph b) i) must be used. This wording, mark or logo must appear on a label on the garment itself. If the garments are produced outside of the country of origin, the name of the country where the garment was produced should also be indicated, in addition to the wording, mark or logo referred to in paragraph b) i).(c)For international trade in handicraft products made from live-sheared vicuna fibre produced within the range States of the species, the VICUÑA (COUNTRY OF ORIGIN) - ARTESANÍA wording, mark or logo must be used as detailed below:(d)If live-sheared vicuna fibre from various countries of origin is used for the production of cloth and garments, the wording, mark or logo of each of the countries of origin of the fibre must be indicated, as detailed in paragraphs b) i) and ii).(e)All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species listed in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly²Populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe (listed in Appendix II):For the exclusive purpose of allowing:(a)trade in hunting trophies for non-commercial purposes;(b)trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations, as defined in Resolution Conf. 11.20 (Rev. CoP17), for Botswana and Zimbabwe and for in situ conservation programmes for Namibia and South Africa;(c)trade in hides;(d)trade in hair;(e)trade in leather goods for commercial or non-commercial purposes for Botswana, Namibia and South Africa and for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe;(f)trade in individually marked and certified ekipas incorporated in finished jewellery for non-commercial purposes for Namibia and ivory carvings for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe;(g)trade in registered raw ivory (for Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, whole tusks and pieces) subject to the following:(i)only registered government-owned stocks, originating in the State (excluding seized ivory and ivory of unknown origin);(ii)only to trading partners that have been verified by the Secretariat, in consultation with the Standing Committee, to have sufficient national legislation and domestic trade controls to ensure that the imported ivory will not be re-exported and will be managed in accordance with all requirements of Resolution Conf. 10.10 (Rev. CoP18) concerning domestic manufacturing and trade;(iii)not before the Secretariat has verified the prospective importing countries and the registered government-owned stocks;(iv)raw ivory pursuant to the conditional sale of registered government-owned ivory stocks agreed at CoP12, which are 20,000 kg (Botswana), 10,000 kg (Namibia) and 30,000 kg (South Africa);(v)in addition to the quantities agreed at CoP12, government-owned ivory from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe registered by 31 January 2007 and verified by the Secretariat may be traded and despatched, with the ivory in paragraph g) iv) above, in a single sale per destination under strict supervision of the Secretariat;(vi)the proceeds of the trade are used exclusively for elephant conservation and community conservation and development programmes within or adjacent to the elephant range; and(vii)the additional quantities specified in paragraph g) v) above shall be traded only after the Standing Committee has agreed that the above conditions have been met; and(h)no further proposals to allow trade in elephant ivory from populations already in Appendix II shall be submitted to the Conference of the Parties for the period from CoP14 and ending nine years from the date of the single sale of ivory that is to take place in accordance with provisions in paragraphs g) i), g) ii), g) iii), g) vi) and g) vii). In addition such further proposals shall be dealt with in accordance with Decisions 16.55 and 14.78 (Rev. CoP16). On a proposal from the Secretariat, the Standing Committee can decide to cause this trade to cease partially or completely in the event of non-compliance by exporting or importing countries, or in the case of proven detrimental impacts of the trade on other elephant populations. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly.
FLORA (PLANTS)  
AGAVACEAE
Agaves
 
  Agave parviflora    
    Agave victoriae-reginae [#4]  
    Nolina interrata  
    Yucca queretaroensis  
AMARYLLIDACEAE
Snowdrops, sternbergias
 
    Galanthus spp. [#4]  
    Sternbergia spp. [#4]  
ANACARDIACEAE
Cashews
 
    Operculicarya decaryi  
    Operculicarya hyphaenoides  
    Operculicarya pachypus  
APOCYNACEAE
Elephant trunks, hoodias
 
    Hoodia spp. [#9]  
    Pachypodium spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Pachypodium ambongense    
  Pachypodium baronii    
  Pachypodium decaryi    
    Rauvolfta serpentina [#2]  
ARALIACEAE
Ginseng
 
    Panax ginseng [#3] (Only the population of the Russian Federation; no other population is included in the Appendices)  
    Panax quinquefolius [#3]  
ARAUCARIACEAE
Monkey-puzzle trees
 
  Araucaria araucana    
ASPARAGACEAE
Includes ponytail palms
 
    Beaucarnea spp.  
BERBERIDACEAE
May-apple
 
    Podophyllum hexandrum [#2]  
BROMELIACEAE
Air plants, bromelias
 
    Tillandsia harrisii [#4]  
    Tillandsia kammii [#4]  
    Tillandsia xerographica [#4]  
CACTACEAE
Cacti
 
    CACTACEAE spp. [9] [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I and except Pereskia spp., Pereskiopsis spp. and Quiabentia spp.)  
  Ariocarpus spp.    
  Astrophytum asterias    
  Aztekium ritteri    
  Coryphantha werdermannii    
  Discocactus spp.    
  Echinocereus ferreirianus ssp. lindsayorum    
  Echinocereus schmollii    
  Escobaria minima    
  Escobaria sneedii    
  Mammillaria pectinifera (includes spp. solisioides)    
  Melocactus conoideus    
  Melocactus deinacanthus    
  Melocactus glaucescens    
  Melocactus paucispinus    
  Obregonia denegrii    
  Pachycereus militaris    
  Pediocactus bradyi    
  Pediocactus knowltonii    
  Pediocactus paradinei    
  Pediocactus peeblesianus    
  Pediocactus sileri    
  Pelecyphora spp.    
  Sclerocactus blainei    
  Sclerocactus brevihamatus ssp. tobuschii    
  Sclerocactus brevispinus    
  Sclerocactus cloverae    
  Sclerocactus erectocentrus    
  Sclerocactus glaucus    
  Sclerocactus mariposensis    
  Sclerocactus mesae-verdae    
  Sclerocactus nyensis    
  Sclerocactus papyracanthus    
  Sclerocactus pubispinus    
  Sclerocactus sileri    
  Sclerocactus wetlandicus    
  Sclerocactus wrightiae    
  Strombocactus spp.    
  Turbinicarpus spp.    
  Uebelmannia spp.    
CARYOCARACEAE
Ajo
 
    Caryocar costaricense [#4]  
COMPOSITAE (Asteraceae)
Kuth
 
  Saussurea costus    
CUCURBITACEAE
Melons, gourds, cucurbits
 
    Zygosicyos pubescens  
    Zygosicyos tripartitus  
CUPRESSACEAE
Alerce, cypresses
 
  Fitzroya cupressoides    
  Pilgerodendron uviferum    
    Widdringtonia whytei  
CYATHEACEAE
Tree-ferns
 
    Cyathea spp. [#4]  
CYCADACEAE
Cycads
 
    CYCADACEAE spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Cycas beddomei    
DICKSONIACEAE
Tree-ferns
 
    Cibotium barometz [#4]  
    Dicksonia spp. [#4] (Only the populations of the Americas; no other population is included in the Appendices)  
DIDIEREACEAE
Alluaudias, didiereas
 
    DIDIEREACEAE spp. [#4]  
DIOSCOREACEAE
Elephant’s foot, kniss
 
    Dioscorea deltoidea [#4]  
DROSERACEAE
Venus’ flytrap
 
    Dionaea muscipula [#4]  
EBENACEAE
Ebonies
 
    Diospyros spp. [#5] (Populations of Madagascar)  
EUPHORBIACEAE
Spurges
 
    Euphorbia spp. [#4] (Succulent species only except Euphorbia misera and the species included in Appendix I. Artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Euphorbia trigona, artificially propagated specimens of crested, fan-shaped or colour mutants of Euphorbia lactea, when grafted on artificially propagated root stock of Euphorbia neriifolia, and artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Euphorbia ‘Milii’ when they are traded in shipments of 100 or more plants and readily recognizable as artificially propagated specimens, are not subject to the provisions of the Convention)  
  Euphorbia ambovombensis    
  Euphorbia capsaintemariensis    
  Euphorbia cremersii (Includes the forma viridifolia and the var. rakotozafyi)    
  Euphorbia cylindrifolia (Includes the ssp. tuberifera)    
  Euphorbia decaryi (Includes the vars. ampanihyensis, robinsonii and spirosticha)    
  Euphorbia francoisii    
  Euphorbia moratii (Includes the vars. antsingiensis, bemarahensis and multiflora)    
  Euphorbia parvicyathophora    
  Euphorbia quartziticola    
  Euphorbia tulearensis    
FAGACEAE
Beeches
 
      Quercus mongolica [#5]
(Russian Federation)
FOUQUIERIACEAE
Ocotillos
 
    Fouquieria columnaris [#4]  
  Fouquieria fasciculata    
  Fouquieria purpusii    
GNETACEAE
Gnetums
 
      Gnetum montanum [#1]
(Nepal)
JUGLANDACEAE
Gavilan
 
    Oreomunnea pterocarpa [#4]  
LAURACEAE
Laurels
 
    Aniba rosaeodora [#12]  
LEGUMINOSAE (Fabaceae)
Afrormosia, cristobal, palisander, rosewood, sandalwood
 
    Dalbergia spp. [#15] (except for the species listed in Appendix I)  
  Dalbergia nigra    
      Dipteryx panamensis
(Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
    Guibourtia demeusei [#15]  
    Guibourtia pellegriniana [#15]  
    Guibourtia tessmannii [#15]  
    Paubrasilia echinata [#10]  
    Pericopsis elata [#17]  
    Platymiscium parviflorum [#4]  
    Pterocarpus erinaceus  
    Pterocarpus santalinus [#7]  
    Pterocarpus tinctorius [#6]  
    Senna meridionalis  
LILIACEAE
Aloes
 
    Aloe spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I. Also excludes Aloe vera, also referenced as Aloe barbadensis which is not included in the Appendices)  
  Aloe albida    
  Aloe albiflora    
  Aloe alfredii    
  Aloe bakeri    
  Aloe bellatula    
  Aloe calcairophila    
  Aloe compressa (Includes the vars. paucituberculata, rugosquamosa and schistophila)    
  Aloe delphinensis    
  Aloe descoingsii    
  Aloe fragilis    
  Aloe haworthioides (Includes the var. aurantiaca)    
  Aloe helenae    
  Aloe laeta (Includes the var. maniaensis)    
  Aloe parallelifolia    
  Aloe parvula    
  Aloe pillansii    
  Aloe polyphylla    
  Aloe rauhii    
  Aloe suzannae    
  Aloe versicolor    
  Aloe vossii    
MAGNOLIACEAE
Magnolias
 
      Magnolia liliifera var. obovata [#1]
(Nepal)
MALVACEAE
Includes baobabs
 
    Adansonia grandidieri [#16]  
MELIACEAE
Mahoganies, West Indian cedar
 
    Cedrela spp. [#6] (Populations of the Neotropics) (Entry into effect delayed by 12 months, i.e. until 28 August 2020)  
      Cedrela fissilis [#5] (Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil) (To be deleted on 28 August 2020)
      Cedrela lilloi [#5] (Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil) (To be deleted on 28 August 2020)
      Cedrela odorata [#5] (Brazil and the Plurinational State of Bolivia. In addition, the following countries have listed their national populations: Colombia, Guatemala and Peru) (To be deleted on 28 August 2020)
    Swietenia humilis [#4]  
    Swietenia macrophylla [#6] (Populations of the Neotropics)  
    Swietenia mahagoni [#5]  
NEPENTHACEAE
Pitcher-plants (Old World)
 
    Nepenthes spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Nepenthes khasiana    
  Nepenthes rajah    
OLEACEAE
Ashes, etc.
 
      Fraxinus mandshurica [#5]
(Russian Federation)
ORCHIDACEAE
Orchids
 
    ORCHIDACEAE spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  (For all of the following Appendix-I species, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, and transported in sterile containers are not subject to the provisions of the Convention only if the specimens meet the definition of ‘artificially propagated’ agreed by the Conference of the Parties)    
  Aerangis ellisii    
  Cattleya jongheana    
  Cattleya lobata    
  Dendrobium cruentum    
  Mexipedium xerophyticum    
  Paphiopedilum spp.    
  Peristeria elata    
  Phragmipedium spp.    
  Renanthera imschootiana    
OROBANCHACEAE
Broomrapes
 
    Cistanche deserticola [#4]  
PALMAE (Arecaceae)
Palms
 
    Beccariophoenix madagascariensis [#4]  
    Dypsis decaryi [#4]  
  Dypsis decipiens    
    Lemurophoenix halleuxii  
      Lodoicea maldivica [#13]
(Seychelles)
    Marojejya darianii  
    Ravenea louvelli  
    Ravenea rivularis  
    Satranala decussilvae  
    Voanioala gerardii  
PAPAVERACEAE
Poppy
 
      Meconopsis regia [#1]
(Nepal)
PASSIFLORACEAE
Passion-flowers
 
    Adenia firingalavensis  
    Adenia olaboensis  
    Adenia subsessilifolia  
PEDALIACEAE
Sesames
 
    Uncarina grandidieri  
    Uncarina stellulifera  
PINACEAE
Firs and pines
 
  Abies guatemalensis    
      Pinus koraiensis [#5]
(Russian Federation)
PODOCARPACEAE
Podocarps
 
      Podocarpus neriifolius [1]
(Nepal)
  Podocarpus parlatorei    
PORTULACACEAE
Lewisias, portulacas, purslanes
 
    Anacampseros spp. [#4]  
    Avonia spp. [#4]  
    Lewisia serrata [#4]  
PRUMULACEAE
Cyclamens
 
    Cyclamen spp. [#4]  
RANUNCULACEAE
Golden seals, yellow adonis, yellow root
 
    Adonis vernalis [#2]  
    Hydrastis canadensis [#8]  
ROSACEAE
African cherry, stinkwood
 
    Prunus africana [#4]  
RUBIACEAE
Ayugue
 
  Balmea stormiae    
SANTALACEAE
Sandalwoods
 
    Osyris lanceolata [#2] (Populations of Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania)  
SARRACENIACEAE
Pitcher-plants (New World)
 
    Sarracenia spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Sarracenia oreophila    
  Sarracenia rubra ssp. alabamensis    
  Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii    
SCROPHULARIACEAE
Kutki
 
    Picrorhiza kurrooa [#2] (Excludes Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora)  
STANGERIACEAE
Stangerias
 
    Bowenia spp. [#4]  
  Stangeria eriopus    
TAXACEAE
Himalayan yew
 
    Taxus chinensis and infraspecific taxa of this species [#2]  
    Taxus cuspidata and infraspecific taxa of this species [12]  
    Taxus fuana and infraspecific taxa of this species [#2]  
    Taxus sumatrana and infraspecific taxa of this species [#2]  
    Taxus wallichiana [#2]  
THYMELAEACEAE (Aquilariaceae)
Agarwood, ramin
 
    Aquilaria spp. [#14]  
    Gonystylus spp. [#4]  
    Gyrinops spp. [#14]  
TROCHODENDRACEAE (Tetracentraceae)
Tetracentron
 
      Tetracentron sinense [#1]
(Nepal)
VALERIANACEAE
Himalayan spikenard
 
    Nardostachys grandiflora [#2]  
VITACEAE
Grapes
 
    Cyphostemma elephantopus  
    Cyphostemma laza  
    Cyphostemma montagnacii  
WELWITSCHIACEAE
Welwitschia
 
    Welwitschia mirabilis [#4]  
ZAMIACEAE
Cycads
 
    ZAMIACEAE spp. [#4] (Except the species included in Appendix I)  
  Ceratozamia spp.    
  Encephalartos spp.    
  Microcycas calocoma    
  Zamia restrepoi    
ZINGIBERACEAE
Ginger lily, Natal ginger
 
    Hedychium phillippinense [#4]  
    Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Populations of Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe)  
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
Lignum-vitae
 
    Bulnesia sarmientoi [48#11]  
    Guaiacum spp. [9#2]  
[#1]All parts and derivatives, except:(a)seeds, spores and pollen (including pollinia);(b)seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;(c)cut flowers of artificially propagated plants; and(d)fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof, of artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla.[#2]All parts and derivatives except:(a)seeds and pollen; and(b)finished products packaged and ready for retail trade.[#3]Whole and sliced roots and parts of roots, excluding manufactured parts or derivatives, such as powders, pills, extracts, tonics, teas and confectionery.[#4]All parts and derivatives, except:(a)seeds (including seedpods of Orchidaceae), spores and pollen (including pollinia). The exemption does not apply to seeds from Cactaceae spp. exported from Mexico, and to seeds from Beccariophoenix madagascariensis and Dypsis decaryi exported from Madagascar;(b)seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;(c)cut flowers of artificially propagated plants;(d)fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla (Orchidaceae) and of the family Cactaceae;(e)stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus (Cactaceae); and(f)finished products of Aloe ferox and Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade.[#5]Logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets.[#6]Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets and plywood.[#7]Logs, woodchips, powder and extracts.[#8]Underground parts (i.e. roots, rhizomes): whole, parts and powdered.[9]Artificially propagated specimens of the following hybrids and/or cultivars are not subject to the provisions of the Convention:Haitora x graeseriSchlumbergera x buckleyiSchlumbergera russelliana x Schlumbergera truncataSchlumbergera orssichiana x Schlumbergera truncataSchlumbergera opuntioides x Schlumbergera truncataSchlumbergera truncata (cultivars)Cactaceae spp. colour mutants grafted on the following grafting stocks: Harrisia ‘Jusbertii', Hylocereus trigonus or Hylocereus undatusOpuntia microdasys (cultivars).[#9]All parts and derivatives except those bearing a label:“Produced from Hoodia spp. material obtained through controlled harvesting and production under the terms of an agreement with the relevant CITES Management Authority of [Botswana under agreement No. BW/xxxxxx] [Namibia under agreement No. NA/xxxxxx] [South Africa under agreement No. ZA/xxxxxx]”.[#10]Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, including unfinished wood articles used for the fabrication of bows for stringed musical instruments.[11]Artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Cyclamen persicum are not subject to the provisions of the Convention. However, the exemption does not apply to such specimens traded as dormant tubers.[#11]Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder and extracts. Finished products containing such extracts as ingredients, including fragrances, are not considered to be covered by this annotation.[12]Artificially propagated hybrids and cultivars of Taxus cuspidata, live, in pots or other small containers, each consignment being accompanied by a label or document stating the name of the taxon or taxa and the text 'artificially propagated’, are not subject to the provisions of the Convention.[#12]Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood and extracts. Finished products containing such extracts as ingredients, including fragrances, are not considered to be covered by this annotation.[#13]The kernel (also known as ‘endosperm’, ‘pulp’ or ‘copra’) and any derivative thereof.[#14]All parts and derivatives except:(a)seeds and pollen;(b)seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;(c)fruits;(d)leaves;(e)exhausted agarwood powder, including compressed powder in all shapes; and(f)finished products packaged and ready for retail trade, this exemption does not apply to wood chips, beads, prayer beads and carvings.[#15]All parts and derivatives, except:(a)Leaves, flowers, pollen, fruits, and seeds;(b)Finished products to a maximum weight of wood of the listed species of up to 10 kg per shipment;(c)Finished musical instruments, finished musical instrument parts and finished musical instrument accessories;(d)Parts and derivatives of Dalbergia cochinchinensis, which are covered by Annotation # 4; and(e)Parts and derivatives of Dalbergia spp. originating and exported from Mexico, which are covered by Annotation # 6.[#16]Seeds, fruits and oils.[#17]Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood and transformed wood.