Court name
Northern Local Division
Case number
CR 45 of 2020

S v Abraham (4) (Reasons for Order) (CR 45 of 2020) [2020] NAHCNLD 114 (25 August 2020);

Media neutral citation
[2020] NAHCNLD 114
January J
Salionga J

JANUARY J (SALIONGA J concurring):

[1]        The three accused pleaded guilty to a charge of housebreaking with intent to steal and      theft. They were questioned in terms of section 112(1)(b) of the CPA. They admitted all the elements of the crime but for the element of unlawfulness.

[2]        The record of proceedings reflect amongst others as follows in this regard:

‘Q:   Did you knew (sic) at the time that your conduct was wrongful and unlawful?

 A:   No.

Q:   Do you also knew (sic) that you could be punished for that if arrested by the police?

A:   No.’

[3]        The magistrate could not have been satisfied that the accused intended to plead guilty                  in view of the denial of wrongfulness and unlawfulness. It seems that the magistrate convicted the accused persons on the acceptance of the plea by the public prosecutor who also ignored the denial of wrongfulness and unlawfulness.

In this regard the record reflects:

‘Crt:   Does the state accept the plea of guilty as tendered by the accused person?(sic)

PP:   State accepts the plea as tendered by the accused and pray for conviction.

Crt:   Satisfied that accused admitted all the allegations of the offence.’    



Judge(s) signature


January J



Salionga J