Constitutionality of life imprisonment

Life (constitutionality of life imprisonment, 4, 16, 17, 18, 31)    

Cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment (constitutionality of life imprisonment, 4, 16, 19, 20, 22, 24, 31, 33, 35)   

Interpretation (interpretation guided by foreign case law, 20, 21, 25; international standards, 27, 28)  

Legal practitioner - Misconduct - Unprofessional conduct - what constitutes - applicants’ legal practitioner failing to appear on two occasions at the time that he had set down the same urgent application – Court holding that it is a legal practitioner’s professional duty, to present him or herself – punctually - at court - at the set time - for any hearing – and – that the failure to do so without lawful excuse amounted to unprofessional conduct.